We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. By continuing to use the website, you consent to our use of cookies. Close

Index

Admiralty Jurisdiction and Practice

Page 651 Index Index Accounts 2.45 – 2.49 Acknowledgment of service A.1.1.1.5 Acknowledgment of service (admiralty limitation claim) A.1.1.1.22 Administration orders 3.99 – 3.110 Admiralty and Commercial Registry 1.3 Admiralty Court of the Isle of Man 1.31 Admiralty limitation claim A.1.5.1 acknowledgment of service A.1.5.3 notes for defendant A.1.5.2 Admiralty Marshal sale by 4.123 – 4.125 Admiralty Registrar 1.4 Admiralty Registrar, references to 9.1 – 9.23 amendments 9.15 appeals 9.21 – 9.23 assistance of assessors 9.4 – 9.6 case management conference 9.16 costs 9.18 – 9.20 defence in 9.13 discretionary 9.3 hearing 9.17 no reference unless clear something is due 9.9 order for 9.11 ordinary rules of evidence 9.7 particulars of claim 9.12 pleadings 9.14 prior to judgement 9.10 procedure 9.11 – 9.17 questions of law 9.8 types of claims 9.2 Admiralty statements of case A.1.2 Aircraft 2.29 jurisdiction over 2.177 Appeals collision claims see Collision claims references to Admiralty Registrar 9.21 – 9.23 Application and undertaking for arrest and custody A.1.1.1.7 Applications for general limitations decree A.1.1.1.25 , A.1.5.10 Application for judgement in default A.1.1.1.16 Application for restricted limitation decree A.1.1.1.23 , A.1.5.8 Appraisement 4.108 purposes other than sale 4.110 sale, and see Sale Appraisement and sale pendent lite 4.127 – 4.133 application for 4.132 , 4.133 Arrest 1.57 , 4.30 – 4.88 ADM 4 4.49 ADM 5 4.50 . 4.51 after judgement 4.43 amount of security 4.83 cargo under arrest in ship not under arrest 4.72 , 4.73 caution against 4.45 – 4.47 discretion to issue notwithstanding failure to comply with rules 4.56 disputes as to value of property arrested 4.84 – 4.87 appraisement 4.85 , 4.86 value of freight 4.87 effect 4.34 excessive security 4.91 execution of warrant 4.60 – 4.62 form of security 4.88 no cross–undertaking in damages or counter–security no discretion not to issue warrant 4.55 no further or special reason required 4.58 no requirement to give full and frank disclosure 4.52 – 4.54 notice to consul 4.44 obtaining security for claim in AM 4.31 period of validity of warrant 4.59 practicalities 4.63 – 4.77 presence of arrested ship affecting port operation 4.77 Page 652 procedure for obtaining warrant 4.48 – 4.62 procedure to obtain 4.41 property under 4.64 – 4.68 provision of security and release 4.78 – 4.83 release, effect of 4.80 – 4.82 security proves insufficient 4.92 ship under arrest but cargo not under arrest 4.69 – 4.71 support of arbitral proceedings 4.33 support of foreign proceedings 4.32 third parties interested in property under 4.74 – 4.76 time for applications 4.41 – 4.42 wrongful 4.35 – 4.40 Arrest Convention 1952 3.148 – 3.150 Athens Convention 1974 3.155 Bail 4.89 , 4.90 Beneficial owner 3.42 – 3.59 ascertaining 3.48 court may look beyond registered owner 3.48 – 3.50 demise charterer 3.44 – 3.46 one–ship company situation 3.52 – 3.59 purported change 3.51 Bottomry 2.145 – 2.147 bonds obsolete in practice 2.147 definition 2.145 maritime lien 2.146 Brexit exercise of jurisdiction, and 3.164 Brussels Convention jurisdiction under another Convention, and 3.161 – 3.163 Capable of being used in navigation backhoe dredger 2.24 barges 2.18 blower boat 2.20 floating crane 2.22 flotel 2.21 flying boat 2.15 hopper barge 2.17 jack–up rigs 2.25 jet ski 2.10 meaning 2.9 – 2.26 mobility 2.12 , 2.13 pontoon 2.14 pontoon structure 2.19 United States 2.23 use 2.26 certificate of service A.1.1.1.11.1 Charge 2.55 Cinque Port Commissioners 1.28 Cinque ports source materials A.2.1.2 Civil procedure reform nomenclature 1.58 Claim arising from agreement relating to carriage of goods in ship or hire of ship 2.76 , 2.77 Claim for damage done by ship 2.57 – 2.61 Claim for damage received by ship 2.56 Claim for loss of or damage to goods carried in ship 2.74 , 2.75 no maritime lien 2.75 Claim form (Admiralty limitation claim) A.1.1.1.18 notes for defendant A.1.1.1.19 Claim forms 4.1 – 4.25 , A.1.1.1 , A.1.1.2 amendment 4.12 effect of issue 4.9 issue 4.1 – 4.11 issued against more than one ship 4.2 may not be issued by fax 4.10 notes for completing A.1.1.1.3 notes for replying to A.1.1.1.4 parties may be described and need not be named 4.4 – 4.6 prescribed 4.1 – 4.9 renewal of validity 4.11 service 4.15 – 4.25 see also Service of claim form service on second ship possible where mistake as to first ship served 4.3 Claim in personam claim in rem, and 3.5 – 3.11 judgment not bar to subsequent claim truly in rem 3.29 Claim in rem advantages 3.13 beneficial owner 3.42 – 3.59 see also Beneficial owner claims against sister ships 3.40 , 3.41 claims in personam , and 3.5 – 3.11 claims irrespective of ownership 3.33 claims limited by considerations of ownership 3.38 , 3.39 claims which may be brought 3.32 – 3.59 enforcement by sale of ship 3.14 enforcement of foreign judgement in rem 3.30 , 3.31 European jurisdictional law, and 3.4 foreign sovereign state, and 3.10 issue or service of claim form acknowledged 3.18 – 3.23 judgment not bar to subsequent claim in personam 3.24 – 3.28 nature of 3.2 – 3.4 , 3.5 – 3.11 other charge 3.35 – 3.37 personal liability on part of shipowner 3.26 quasi 3.2 – 3.4 , 3.12 – 3.17 Page 653 enforcement of statutory right 3.17 two categories 3.2 – 3.4 Claims required to be brought in Admiralty Court 1.6 Collision actions A.1.4 source material A.2.5 Collision claims 7.1 – 7.161 admissibility of MAIB reports 7.104 – 7.106 appeals 7.154 – 7.161 apportionment, as to 7.154 costs on 7.161 nautical assessors on 7.155 – 7.160 apportionment of liability 7.110 – 7.138 applies between vessels at fault 7.127 applies to vessels and cargo 7.128 claims by cargo owners 7.129 claims for loss of life or personal injury 7.132 – 7.134 court must apportion unless impossible 7.116 – 7.123 fault of vessels 7.124 – 7.126 liability limited, where 7.130 loss of or damage to ships and cargo 7.111 , 7.112 more than two ships at fault 7.115 only causative fault is relevant 7.113 ships at fault need not have been in collision 7.114 Article 30 of Brussels I Regulation 7.10 , 7.11 Brussels I Regulation 7.6 – 7.9 case management conference 7.77 , 7.78 case management in cases involving electronic track data 7.79 contributions between ships at fault 7.135 – 7.138 costs budgeting 7.81 costs in 7.139 – 7.153 both ships to blame–counterclaim 7.142 , 7.143 both ships to blame– no counterclaim 7.144 CPR rule 61.4(10) offers 7.147 , 7.148 factors affecting orders 7.150 – 7.153 neither ship to blame 7.140 one ship to blame 7.141 Part 36 and rule 61.4 (10) 7.149 written offer of settlement, and 7.145 , 7.146 counterclaims 7.45 – 7.48 cross–claims 7.45 , 7.49 – 7.50 definition 7.1 disclosure after issue of proceedings 7.37 duty to prevent electronic track data 7.35 fast track measures 7.80 initial case management 7.38 foreign court surveys and enquiries 7.107 in personam 7.2 , 7.3 in rem 7.4 must be commenced in Admiralty Court 7.1 nautical assessors 7.82 – 7.103 see also Nautical assessors no pre–action protocol 7.32 pre–action duty of disclosure and mutual exchange of electronic track data 7.36 pre–action rules of preservation and disclosure of electronic track data 7.33 procedure 7.32 – 7.109 skeleton arguments 7.109 statements of case 7.39 – 7.44 amending 7.62 – 7.69 claims not requiring 7.42 contents 7.51 – 7.53 costs 7.70 defendant’s 7.45 difficulties in completing 7.54 – 7.60 failure to file 7.73 – 7.76 function and effect 7.61 in lieu of ordinary statement of case 7.44 interrogatories as to contents 7.22 notice of filing 7.43 pleading blind 7.40 stay on forum non conveniens grounds 7.12 – 7.31 limitations of liability, and 7.30 , 7.31 natural forum– stay granted 7.17 – 7.24 natural forum– stay refused 7.25 , 7.26 no natural forum– stay refused 7.27 – 7.30 two–stage test 7.12 – 7.16 VDR evidence 7.34 witness evidence 7.108 Collision Convention 1952 3.151 , 3.152 Collision statement of case A.1.1.1.6 , A.2.5.6 Colonial courts source materials A.2.1.3 Colonial Courts of Admiralty 1.32 Common law possessory liens 6.21 – 6.30 holder must surrender ship to Admiralty Marshal 6.26 – 6.29 possession required 6.22 – 6.25 shiprepairer’s possessory lien 6.21 subject only to exiting maritime liens 6.30 Compulsory winding up of companies 3.68 – 3.97 appraisement and sale 3.84 , 3.85 arrest of property 3.81 – 3.85 automatic stay of proceedings 3.86 commencement 3.69 effect of claim in rem 3.75 issue of claim form in rem 3.76 – 3.78 Page 654 secured creditors 3.87 – 3.97 see also Secured creditors service of claim form in rem 3.79 statutory provisions 3.70 – 3.74 Construction, repair or equipment of ship 2.107 , 2.108 no maritime lien 2.108 Costs collision claims see Collision claims formal investigation 1.41 references to Admiralty Registrar 9.18 – 9.20 ship mortgages 10.231 Counterclaims limitation of liability, and 8.74 – 8.76 County courts 1.15 – 1.21 abolition of jurisdiction 1.15 striking out proceedings 1.18 , 1.19 transfer of proceedings 1.18 , 1.21 Court first seised 3.158 – 3.160 Court of Admiralty of the Cinque Ports 1.22 – 1.27 appeal 1.27 geographical boundaries 1.25 , 1.26 subject matter jurisdiction 1.23 , 1.24 CPR Part 61 1.5 , 1.6 Cross border insolvency 3.115 – 3.164 application to claims in rem 3.127 – 3.139 Brussels I Regulation 3.118 – 3.120 commencement of proceedings 3.122 domicile 3.123 – 3.126 European jurisdiction and judgements 3.118 Lugano Convention 3.118 – 3.120 Model Law, Article 20 3.115 process of sale, and 3.117 Crown immunity 3.60 – 3.63 Declaration as to inability of defendant to file and serve statement of case under decree of limitation A.1.1.1.28 , A.1.5.17 Declaration in support of application of warrant of arrest A.1.1.1.8 Default proceedings 4.26 – 4.29 form of judgement 4.28 property not under arrest 4.29 property under arrest 4.28 Defective ship, apparel or equipment 2.69 , 2.70 Defence to admiralty limitation claim A.1.1.1.21 , A.1.5.12 Defendant’s claim in limitation claim A.1.1.1.27 , A.1.5.16 Derelict 2.156 Disbursements 2.128 – 2.136 accounts 2.134 agent’s fees 2.133 authority of master 2.130 , 2.131 liabilities properly incurred 2.132 maritime lien 2.135 meaning 2.129 , 2.130 no maritime lien 2.136 Distribution of fund in court 6.32 – 6.79 Admiralty Marshal’s expenses 6.33 claims for costs 6.78 costs of producer of fund 6.34 , 6.35 delay in asserting priority 6.77 power to reopen order for priority 6.79 prima facie order of priorities 6.38 – 6.61 claims of holders of maritime liens rank first 6.39 claims of mortgagees 6.40 – 6.43 mortgages of foreign ships 6.63 , 6.64 mortgages of unregistered British ships 6.62 personal liability of one claimant to another 6.76 ranking of maritime liens inter se 6.66 – 6.74 ranking of mortgagees inter se 6.51 – 6.61 ranking of statutory liens inter se 6.65 statutory rights of action in rem 6.44 – 6.50 priorities and private international law 6.37 priority of competing claims 6.36 unconscionable conduct 6.77 Dock charges or dues 2.107 , 2.108 no maritime lien 2.108 Domicile 3.123 – 3.126 applications to claims in rem 3.127 – 3.139 corporations 3.123 , 3.124 individuals 3.123 , 3.124 Droits of Admiralty 2.153 Electronic filing 1.7 European domiciled defendant sued in personam in England 3.140 – 3.143 jurisdiction by agreement 3.141 , 3.142 Exclusion of liability 8.32 – 8.39 fire on board ship 8.34 , 8.35 gold, silver, watches, jewels or precious stones 8.36 loss of right 8.39 nature and value not at time of shipment declared 8.38 persons entitled to exclude liability 8.33 theft, robbery or other dishonest conduct 8.37 Exercise of jurisdiction 3.1 – 3.164 Brexit, and 3.164 limits 3.60 – 3.65 Foreign sovereign immunity 3.64 , 3.65 claims in respect of cargo 3.65 Page 655 claims in respect of ships and property other than cargo 3.64 Forfeiture 2.148 customs and excise offences 2.150 Foreign Enlistment Act 1870 2.151 Merchant Shipping Act 1995 2.149 proceeds of sale by Admiralty Marshal 2.152 Formal investigations 1.34 see also Wreck inquiries costs 1.41 hearing 1.38 procedure 1.37 , 1.38 purposes 1.35 , 1.36 General average 2.137 – 2.144 common adventure 2.142 definition 2.137 extraordinary 2.139 intentional or voluntary 2.140 no maritime lien 2.144 peril 2.141 reasonable 2.143 requirements to be satisfied 2.138 General limitations decree A.1.1.1.26 General limitation decree A.1.5.11 Gold clause agreement 5.13 – 5.15 Goods or materials supplied to ship 2.104 – 2.106 no maritime lien 2.106 Group litigation orders 8.146 Hamburg Rules 1978 3.156 High Court source materials A.2.1.1 High seas, acts done on 2.168 Historical origins 1.1 Hovercraft jurisdiction over 2.178 , 2.179 Indemnity in respect of statutory compensation 2.73 Insolvency 3.66 – 3.117 compulsory winding up of companies 3.68 – 3.97 see also Compulsory winding up of companies cross border 3.115 – 3.164 see also Cross border insolvency administration orders 3.99 – 3.110 individuals 3.111 – 3.114 voluntary winding up of companies 3.98 – 3.110 Inspection of ship or other property 4.140 , 4.141 International Convention of Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1969 3.154 Interest, power to award 2.169 Jet ski 2.10 Judges of Admiralty Court 1.2 Judicial Committee Act 1833 text A.2.1.2.2 Jurisdiction source materials A.2.2 Jurisdictions under international conventions 3.145 – 3.164 Laches 5.51 – 5.55 Admiralty Court 5.52 doctrine 5.51 what amounts to 5.53 – 5.55 Limitation actions source materials A.2.6 Limitation claims 8.1 – 8.160 , A.1.5 Limitation fund 8.87 – 8.98 amended Athens Convention 8.94 – 8.98 distinct occasion 8.95 – 8.98 Article 11 of 1976 Convention 8.122 – 8.124 constitution 8.139 – 8.140 legal 8.140 disputes between claimants against 8.152 distribution 8.154 – 8.157 financial 8.141 limits for loss of life and personal injury 8.89 limits for passenger claims 8.91 – 8.93 mechanics of contributing 8.142 – 8.144 proceedings to establish 8.129 – 8.133 tonnage 8.88 Limitation of actions 5.1 – 5.71 foreign limitation period 5.56 – 5.71 public policy exception 5.58 – 5.71 undue hardship 5.61 – 5.71 laches 5.51 – 5.55 see also Laches one year time bar 5.2 – 5.15 application of Hague and Hague–Visby Rules 5.3 – 5.6 cargo claims against carrying ship 5.2 gold clause agreement 5.13 – 5.15 substantive nature of time bar 5.9 – 5.12 time bar provisions 5.7 , 5.8 salvage claims 5.45 source materials A.2.4 three–year period 5.46 – 5.50 Civil Liability Convention 1992 5.47 , 5.48 international oil pollution compensation fund 5.49 , 5.50 two–year time bar 5.16 – 5.45 2002 Protocol to Athens Convention 5.28 , 5.29 Athens Convention 1974 5.26 , 5.27 Page 656 cargo claims against carrying ship 5.16 claims made in limitation action 5.44 claims under inter–club agreement 5.23 , 5.24 contracting states 5.18 extending time under Merchant Shipping Act 1995 5.32 – 5.43 Hamburg Rules 5.17 Merchant Shipping Act 1995 5.30 – 5.44 passenger claims against carrying ship 5.25 Rotterdam Rules 5.21 , 5.22 time bar provision 5.19 , 5.20 Limitation of liability 8.1 – 8.160 1924 Convention 8.13 1957 Convention 8.14 1976 Convention 8.15 – 8.17 1996 Protocol 8.18 Amended 1976 Convention 8.24 Article 11of 1976 Convention a jurisdictional provision, whether 8.121 cargo claims in collision cases 8.153 charterers 8.51 – 8.59 claim 8.106 – 8.133 defence and counterclaims 8.111 independent claims 8.112 – 8.117 jurisdiction 8.106 – 8.110 claims in respect of which liability limited 8.44 , 8.67 – 8.69 claims settled by claimant 8.151 conduct barring 8.78 – 8.86 intent to cause such loss 8.80 personal act or omission 8.79 recklessly and with knowledge 8.81 – 8.86 contracting out 8.77 costs in claims 8.158 – 8.160 counterclaims, and 8.74 – 8.76 defence, as 8.102 – 8.104 development in English Law 8.5 – 8.11 dock owners 8.41 English law today 8.20 group litigation orders 8.146 harbour authorities 8.41 hazardous and noxious substances 8.23 history 8.2 – 8.4 IMO Resolution LEG.5 (aa) 8.18 , 8.19 insurer of liability 8.65 international Conventions 8.12 – 8.19 issue of claim form 8.136 , 8.137 juridical nature 8.25 – 8.30 limitation fund 8.45 loss of right 8.48 , 8.77 – 8.86 no admission of liability 8.49 no limitations against claims for salvage and general average 8.73 non–EU defendants 8.125 – 8.128 nuclear damage claims 8.22 NVOCCs 8.62 obtaining decree 8.105 oil pollution 8.99 – 8.101 origin 8.2 , 8.3 owner of ship 8.51 – 8.59 persons entitled to limit 8.42 , 8.49 , 8.50 persons for whom shipowners and salvors responsible 8.64 pilotage authorities 8.47 pilots 8.47 procedure after obtaining decree 8.147 procedure for filing of claims 8.149 procedure to obtain decree 8.145 procedure to set aside decree 8.148 proceedings constituting limitation fund 8.118 public policy, and 8.1 salvor 8.63 Schedule 7 to Merchant Shipping Act 1995 8.24 service of claim form 8.138 slot charterers 8.60 , 8.61 status, and 8.43 whatever the basis of liability 8.70 – 8.72 Limitation of liability claims 3.144 jurisdiction 3.144 Loss of life 2.72 MAIB reports 7.104 – 7.106 Marine accident investigations 1.33 Maritime lien 1.43 – 1.55 , 2.67 arising by implication 1.48 categories of claim 1.47 definition 1.44 discharge 1.49 – 1.52 discharge by laches 1.51 discharge by satisfaction 1.50 juridical nature 1.45 not discharged 1.53 statutory claims in rem 1.56 statutory liens 1.56 transferability 1.54 , 1.55 Master meaning 2.68 , 2.112 Merchant Shipping Act courts and inquiries A.1.3 Mortgage 2.54 see also Ship mortgages chattels, of 10.42 choses in action, of 10.43 definition 10.34 distinguished from absolute transfer 10.37 distinguished from charge 10.41 distinguished from lien 10.40 Page 657 distinguished from pledge or pawn 10.38 equitable interest, of 10.49 , 10.50 essential feature 10.36 legal, agreement to make 10.49 , 10.50 purpose 10.35 source materials A.2.8 Nautical assessors 7.82 – 7.103 assistance at trial 7.98 – 7.100 exclusionary effect of appointment 7.91 – 7.97 function 7.85 inspection by 7.103 new procedure 7.101 , 7.102 procedure for appointment 7.90 status of advice received from 7.86 – 7.89 Navigable waters meaning 2.7 , 2.8 Navigation meaning 2.10 Necessaries 2.170 – 2.175 definition 2.172 no maritime lien 2.175 not 2.174 statutory jurisdiction 2.171 work and labour 2.173 Notice of admission of right of claimant to limit liability A.1.1.1.20 , A.1.5.7 Notice of Consular Officer of intention to apply for warrant of arrest A.1.1.1.9 Oil pollution 2.62 – 2.66 bunker oil 2.63 exceptions from lability 2.63 liability of Fund 2.66 limitation of liability 8.99 – 8.101 restriction of liability 2.63 strict liability, mitigation of 2.65 tankers 2.63 One–ship company situation beneficial ownership, and 3.52 – 3.59 Order for sale of ship A.1.1.1.17 Other charge meaning 3.35 – 3.37 Ownership 2.35 Particulars of claim 4.7 , 4.8 Payment out of court 4.137 – 4.139 Pilotage 2.99 – 2.103 aircraft 2.102 no maritime lien 2.101 Pilotage Act 1987 2.103 Piracy 2.158 Possession of foreign ships 2.52 , 2.53 Possession of ship 2.30 – 2.34 Practice source materials A.2.3 Pre–action applications 1.8 Priorities 6.1 – 6.79 Priorities, determination of 4.134 ; application to court 4.135 , 4.136 References A.1.6 source material A.2.7 Release 4.93 – 4.107 application to court for 4.100 arbitration proceedings 4.104 – 4.106 caution against 4.96 – 4.99 limitation of liability 4.101 – 4.103 proceedings in another jurisdiction 4.107 Request and undertaking for release A.1.1.1.14 Request and caution against arrest A.1.1.1.10 Request and caution against release A.1.1.1.13 Request for withdrawal of caution against release A.1.1.1.15 Restraint 2.43 , 2.44 Restricted limitation decree A.1.1.1.24 , A.1.5.9 Royal Court of Guernsey 1.29 Royal Court of Jersey 1.30 Sale 2.50 , 2.51 , 4.111 – 4.126 Admiralty Marshal, by 4.123 – 4.125 claims of third parties to oil sold with ship 4.113 expenses incurred in order to achieve best price 4.114 – 4.117 classification society fees 4.116 , 4.117 repairs 4.115 repatriation of crew 4.114 foreign currency 4.126 private offers for 4.119 – 4.122 property comprised in 4.112 stopping 4.118 Sale and purchase agreements 2.40 – 2.42 Salvage 2.78 – 2.93 aircraft by 2.89 common law definition 2.83 Crown, by 2.90 danger 2.85 , 2.86 definition under Salvage Convention 1989 2.91 maritime lien 2.93 no maritime lien 2.79 – 2.82 recognised subjects 2.84 success 2.88 voluntariness 2.87 Seaman meaning 2.123 – 2.124 Secured creditors 3.87 – 3.97 maritime lien holders 3.89 mortgagees 3.88 Page 658 person with statutory right of action in rem 3.90 – 3.97 Senior Courts Act 1981: section 20(1)(b)–subsection 20(3) 2.159 – 2.161 Senior Courts Act 1981: section 20(1) (c) 2.165 – 2.175 Senior Courts Act 1981: section 20(1)(d) 2.176 Senior Courts Act 1981 text A.2.1.1.1 , A.2.1.3.2 Service of claim form 4.15 – 4.25 acknowledgement before service effected 4.19 Admiralty Marshal, by 4.20 innocent passage 4.17 manner of service on cargo 4.22 manner of service on freight 4.23 manner of service on proceeds of sale 4.24 manner of service on ship 4.21 no service out of jurisdiction 4.18 service on person named in notice against arrest 4.25 substituted 4.16 Ship meaning 2.3 , 2.4 not 2.27 , 2.28 Ship mortgages 10.1 – 10.231 see also Mortgages appurtenances 10.70 – 10.72 articles on board 10.73 British ships 10.2 bunkers 10.74 cargo 10.75 costs 10.231 discharge 10.82 – 10.87 effective date 10.65 foreclosure 10.186 – 10.190 intervention by charterers or other interested parties 10.221 freight 10.76 interest 10.99 – 10.104 joint mortgagees 10.112 joint mortgagors 10.111 Merchant Shipping Act 1995 10.22 mode of taking possession 10.159 – 10.164 mortgagee 10.133 – 10.152 impairment of security 10.141 – 10.144 maritime liens 10.148 , 10.149 mortgagor in financial difficulties 10.145 – 10.147 right to take possession 10.133 – 10.140 unusual or onerous charters 10.150 – 10.152 mortgagee in possession 10.165 – 10.181 expenses 10.180 , 10.181 freight, earnings and expenses 10.170 – 10.179 mortgagee of shares 10.222 – 10.227 mortgagor 10.94 – 10.117 mortgagor in possession 10.118 – 10.132 employment 10.130 – 10.132 expenses 10.119 – 10.121 freight 10.122 insurance 10.123 – 10.129 nature of 10.44 ownership, and 10.1 possession of mortgaged property 10.113 – 10.117 prior charterparties 10.153 – 10.158 receiver, appointment of 10.182 – 10.185 redemption 10.105 – 10.111 registration 10.3 – 10.33 bareboat 10.9 certificate of registry 10.10 – 10.14 corporations 10.68 entitlement 10.7 , 10.8 failure or irregularity 10.23 – 10.33 failure to register 10.64 Merchant Shipping Act 1995 10.52 – 10.61 mistakes as to name or description 10.62 , 10.63 transfer of ownership 10.15 repayment 10.98 right to redeem 10.94 rights and liabilities of mortgagor and mortgagee 10.89 – 10.231 sale 10.191 – 10.220 court 10.218 – 10.220 duty of mortgagee 10.202 effect 10.213 , 10.214 mortgagee acting bona fide 10.26 , 10.27 proceeds 10.215 – 10.217 restrictions on power 10.209 surplus 10.196 timing 10.204 Sale of Goods Act 1979 10.16 – 10.21 new buildings 10.19 – 10.21 registered ships 10.17 , 10.18 unregistered ships 10.16 scope 10.69 – 10.76 second mortgagee 10.228 – 10.230 taking possession 10.45 , 10.46 termination of registration 10.88 transfer 10.77 – 10.81 agreement, by 10.78 , 10.79 operation of law 10.80 unregistered owner of registered ship 10.66 unregistered ships 10.67 Shipwreck 2.155 Solicitor’s lien 6.31 Page 659 Solicitors, agreements between 4.143 Standard directions to Admiralty Marshal A.1.1.1.12 Standard of proof 2.36 – 2.38 Statutory power of detention and sale 6.3 – 6.20 effect of court sale upon statutory rights 6.10 – 6.20 effect of sale 6.7 examples 6.3 – 6.6 priority lost if statutory rights not exercised 6.9 superior to power of Admiralty Marshal 6.8 Staying proceedings 3.157 Subject matter jurisdiction 1.9 – 1.14 , 2.1 – 2.179 necessary but not sufficient 2.2 section 20(1)(a) SCA 1981 1.10 section 20(1)(b) SCA 1981 1.11 section 20(1) (c) SCA 1981 1.12 section 20(1)(d) SCA 1981 1.13 Title to foreign ships 2.39 Towage 2.94 – 2.98 aircraft 2.98 no maritime lien 2.97 Used in navigation meaning 2.6 Vasso Orders 4.140 , 4.141 Vessel meaning 2.5 Wages 2.109 – 2.127 alien enemies 2.122 attitude of court 2.110 , 2.111 claim against foreign ships 2.118 – 2.121 claim for 2.109 – 2.127 engagement under illegal contract 2.127 forfeiture 2.125 absence without leave 2.125 desertion 2.125 gross misconduct or incompetency 2.125 maritime lien 2.116 master, meaning 2.112 meaning 2.113 – 2.115 provision of foreign law barring recovery 2.127 seaman 2.123 – 2.124 set–off against 2.126 subrogation to wages lien if payment made with leave of court 2.117 Warrant of arrest A.1.1.1.11 Witnesses examination before trial 4.142 Wreccum maris 2.155 Wreck outside territorial sea 2.157 Wreck inquiries 1.33 – 1.42 evidence 1.39 , 1.40 formal investigations see Formal investigations procedure 1.37 , 1.38 rehearings 1.42 source materials A.2.1. $ Wrongful act, neglect or default 2.71 Wrongful arrest 4.35 – 4.40 Page 660

The rest of this document is only available to i-law.com online subscribers.

If you are already a subscriber, please enter your details below to log in.

Enter your email address to log in as a user on your corporate account.
Remember me on this computer

Not yet an i-law subscriber?

Devices

Request a trial Find out more