The CMC 1992 does not include provisions on marine pollution although it is a traditional and important component of maritime law. Marine pollution in China is governed by the relevant conventions concluded or acceded to by the PRC and national law including the General Principles of the Civil Law 2009, the Tort Liability Law 2009 and the Marine Environment Protection Law 2013. 1 Other relevant authorities for marine pollution include administrative regulations, namely the Administrative Regulations on the Prevention of Marine Pollution Caused by Vessels 2009, as amended in 2013, 2014 and 2016 (Regulations on Marine Pollution 2016), 2 and judicial interpretations including the relevant provisions in the Minutes of the Second National Working Conference on the Trial of Foreign-Related Commercial and Maritime Cases 2005 (Minutes of the Second National Working Conference 2005) 3 and the Provisions of the Supreme People’s Court on Several Issues Concerning the Trial of Cases involving Disputes over Compensation for Vessel Oil Pollution Damage 2011 (Provisions on Oil Pollution Damage 2011). 4
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