Ben Bury and Julie-Anne Pemberton
12.1 Outline of Hong Kong’s legal environment
12.1.1 Constitutional structure
Hong Kong is a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China. Its legal system is very much embedded within the legal system of Mainland China, 1 and Hong Kong comes directly under the Central People’s Government. Nonetheless, China has granted Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy through the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (the
). 2 The Basic Law is a quasi-constitutional document (sometimes described as a “mini-constitution”) and derives its authority from Article 31 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China , which empowers the Chinese state to establish special administrative regions when necessary.
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