R v PANAYI
 Lloyd's Rep. FC Plus 34
COURT OF APPEAL (CRIMINAL DIVISION)
Before Lord Justice Males, Mr Justice Stuart-Smith, and His Honour Judge Marks QC, the Common Serjeant (sitting as a Judge of the Court of Appeal, Criminal Division)
Crime - Sentence - Confiscation orders - Basis of conviction - Benefit from criminal conduct - Planning control - Enforcement notices - Non-compliance - Property income - Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (c 8), section 179(6) (as substituted by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c 34) Part I, sections 8, 21) - Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (c 29), section 76(3)(4).