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CHAPTER 2 Parties to the Charter

Voyage Charters

CHAPTER 2 Parties to the Charter Parties to the Charter [clause 1 continued] … between the party mentioned in Box 3 as Owners … 1 … and the party mentioned as Charterers in Box 4 6 [clause 1 is continued below] 2.1 The persons whose names are inserted in the appropriate boxes are those who, as principals, assume the rights and obligations of, respectively, owners and charterers under the contract embodied in the charterparty. As Megaw L.J. said in The Virgo , 1 this is the place where one would normally expect to find the parties to the charterparty contract defined. There are, however, several reasons why the designation of a person as “owners” or “charterers” in such boxes in the charter is not necessarily conclusive of the question of who are the contracting parties. First, it may be clear from the other terms of the charter, or from the manner in which it is signed, that some other person is intended to be a party, either in addition to, or instead of, the person designated. Second, the principal of the person who enters into the charter can normally sue and be sued upon it as a contracting party, whether or not the name or even the existence of the principal has been disclosed to the other party; and third the broker or agent who enters into the charter purporting to act for a principal may lack authority to contract on behalf of the principal. These situations are examined below.

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