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1. This Convention shall be opened for signature by the States members of the European Communities or of the European Free Trade Association.
2. The Convention shall be submitted for ratification by the signatory States. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Swiss Federal Council.
The following may be parties to this Convention:
1. After entering into force this Convention shall be open to accession by:
2. If an acceding State wishes to furnish details for the purposes of Protocol (1), negotiations shall be entered into to that end. A negotiating conference shall be convened by the Swiss Federal Council.
3. In respect of an acceding State, the Convention shall take effect on the first day of the third month following the deposit of its instrument of accession.
4. However, in respect of an acceding State referred to in paragraph 1 (a) or (b), the Convention shall take effect only in relations between the acceding State and the Contracting States which have not made any objections to the accession before the first day of the third month following the deposit of the instrument of accession.
Each acceding State shall, when depositing its instrument of accession, communicate the information required for the application of Articles III, XXXII, XXXVII, XL, XLI and LV of this Convention and furnish, if need be, the details prescribed during the negotiations for the purposes of Protocol 1.
3. The Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the third month following the date on which two States, of which one is a member of the European Communities and the other a member of the European Free Trade Association, deposit their instruments of ratification.
4. The Convention shall take effect in relation to any other signatory State on the first day of the third month following the deposit of its instrument of ratification.
1. This Convention is concluded for an initial period of five years from the date of its entry into force in accordance with Article LXI (3), even in the case of States which ratify it or accede to it after that date.
2. At the end of the initial five-year period, the Convention shall be automatically renewed from year to year.
3. Upon the expiry of the initial five-year period, any contracting State may, at any time, denounce the Convention by sending a notification to the Swiss Federal Council.
4. The denunciation shall take effect at the end of the calendar year following the expiry of a period of six months from the date of receipt by the Swiss Federal Council of the notification of denunciation.
The following are annexed to this Convention:
— a Protocol 1, on certain questions of jurisdiction, procedure and enforcement,
— a Protocol 2, on the uniform interpretation of the Convention,
— a Protocol 3, on the application of Article LVII.
These Protocols shall form an integral part of the Convention.
Any Contracting State may request the revision of this Convention. To that end, the Swiss Federal Council shall issue invitations to a revision conference within a period of six months from the date of the request for revision.
The Representatives of the Governments of the Member States of the European Communities . . .
DECLARE that they will take all measures in their power to ensure, when Community acts referred to in paragraph 1 of Protocol No. 3 on the application of Article 57 are being drawn up, respect for the rules of jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of judgements established by the Convention.
DECLARE that they consider as appropriate that the Court of Justice of the European Communities, when interpreting the Brussels Convention, pay due account to the rulings contained in the case law of the Lugano Convention.
The Representatives of the Governments of the Member States of the European Free Trade Association . . .
DECLARE that they consider as appropriate that their Courts, when interpreting the Lugano Convention, pay due account to the rulings contained in the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities and of courts of the Member States of the European Communities in respect of provisions of the Brussels Convention which are substantially in the Lugano Convention.
Sweden declares that it objects to the procedure described in Article IV, paragraph 2 of Protocol No. 1, whereby documents may also be sent by the appropriate public officers of the State in which the document has been drawn up directly to the appropriate public officers of the State in which the addressee is to be found.
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