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Index

Ship Registration: Law and Practice

Page 511 Index Index administration of register Bahamas, 7.2 Barbados, 8.2 Bermuda, 9.2 British Virgin Islands, 10.2 Cayman Islands, 11.2 Cyprus, 12.2 Gibraltar, 13.2 Hong Kong, 14.2 Isle of Man, 15.2 Jamaica, 16.2 Liberia, 17.2 Malta, 18.2 Marshall Islands, 19.2 Norway, 20.2 Panama, 21.2 Singapore, 22.2 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.2 United Kingdom, 24.2 Vanuatu, 25.2 age of vessel eligibility for registration Bahamas, 7.5 Barbados, 8.6 Bermuda, 9.5 British Virgin Islands, 10.5 Cayman Islands, 11.5 Cyprus, 12.5 – 12.14 Gibraltar, 13.5 Hong Kong, 14.5 Isle of Man, 15.5 Jamaica, 16.4 Liberia, 17.5 Malta, 18.5 Marshall Islands, 19.5 Norway, 20.5 Panama, 21.5 Singapore, 22.5 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.5 United Kingdom, 24.5 Vanuatu, 25.5 annual returns. See returns Bahamas bareboat charter registration, 7.6 foreign charter, 7.7 classification societies, 7.13 crew certification, 7.9 competency certificates, 7.10 nationality of crew, 7.11 deregistration procedure for, 7.22 eligibility for registration age limit, 7.5 vessel type, 7.4 fees, 7.17 , 7.22 fishing vessels, 7.4 fleet, 7.2 geography of, 7.1 manning requirements, 7.8 safe manning documents, 7.12 mortgages registration of, 7.20 permanent registration, 7.17 age limit, 7.19 forms, 7.18 procedure for registration, 7.15 provisional registration, 7.15 extension of, 7.16 validity of, 7.16 radio traffic accounting authorities, 7.14 register, administration of, 7.2 registration bareboat charter, 7.6 deregistration, 7.22 eligibility for, 7.4 . 7.5 mortgages, 7.20 permanent registration, 7.17 permanent registration, age limit, 7.19 permanent registration, forms, 7.18 procedure for, 7.15 provisional registration, 7.15 provisional, extension of, 7.16 provisional, validity of, 7.16 register, administration of, 7.2 Page 512 security interests, 7.20 survey, 7.21 yachts, 7.23 security interests registration of, 7.20 source of law, 7.3 survey requirement of, 7.21 trading limits, 7.8 yachts registration of, 7.23 Barbados bareboat charter registration, 8.9 – 8.10 foreign charter, 8.11 classification societies, 8.17 crew certification, 8.13 competency certificates, 8.13 . 8.14 nationality of crew, 8.15 deregistration procedure for, 8.25 eligibility for registration age limit, 8.6 vessel type, 8.4 . 8.5 fees, 8.3 , 8.19 , 8.25 fishing vessels, 8.8 fleet, 8.2 geography of, 8.1 manning requirements, 8.13 safe manning documents, 8.16 mortgages registration of, 8.23 ownership requirements of, 8.7 – 8.8 permanent registration, 8.22 forms, 8.22 provisional registration, 8.18 – 8.20 extension of, 8.21 validity of, 8.21 register, administration of, 8.2 registration bareboat charter, 8.9 – 8.10 deregistration, 8.25 eligibility for, 8.4 – 8.6 mortgages, 8.23 permanent registration, 8.22 permanent registration, forms, 8.22 procedure for, 8.18 provisional registration, 8.18 – 8.20 provisional, extension of, 8.21 provisional, validity of, 8.21 register, administration of, 8.2 security interests, 8.23 survey, 8.24 yachts, 8.26 security interests registration of, 8.23 source of law, 8.3 survey requirement of, 8.24 trading limits, 8.12 yachts registration of, 8.26 bareboat charter foreign charter, registration of Bahamas, 7.7 Barbados, 8.11 Bermuda, 9.12 – 9.14 British Virgin Islands, 10.9 Cayman Islands, 11.9 Cyprus, 12.17 Gibraltar, 13.14 – 13.15 Isle of Man, 15.9 Jamaica, 16.13 Liberia, 17.11 Malta, 18.8 Marshall Islands, 19.13 Norway, 20.7 Panama, 21.13 Singapore, 22.13 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.12 United Kingdom, 24.11 Vanuatu, 25.9 mortgages convention on, 5.32 – 5.34 protection of mortgagees, 5.26 – 5.31 registration Barbados, 8.9 – 8.10 Bermuda, 9.8 – 9.11 British Virgin Islands, 10.8 Cayman Islands, 11.8 Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships 1986 5.24 – 5.25 Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages 1993 5.32 – 5.34 Cyprus, 12.16 development of, 5.1 – 5.18 Gibraltar, 13.10 – 13.13 Hong Kong, 14.7 – 14.8 in practice, 5.19 – 5.23 Isle of Man, 15.8 Jamaica, 16.12 Liberia, 17.9 – 17.11 Malta, 18.6 – 18.8 Marshall Islands, 19.12 Norway, 20.7 Panama, 21.11 – 21.12 protection of mortgagees, 5.26 – 5.31 Singapore, 22.12 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.11 United Kingdom, 24.9 – 24.10 Vanuatu, 25.8 Page 513 bearer shares, 6.6 beneficial ownership, 6.8 Bermuda bareboat charter registration, 9.8 – 9.11 foreign charter, 9.12 – 9.14 classification societies, 9.19 crew certification, 9.13 competency certificates, 9.16 nationality of crew, 9.17 deregistration procedure for, 9.26 eligibility for registration age limit, 9.5 vessel type, 9.4 fees, 9.14 , 9.27 fleet, 9.2 geography of, 9.1 manning requirements, 9.16 safe manning documents, 9.18 mortgages registration of, 9.23 – 9.24 ownership requirements of, 9.6 – 9.7 permanent registration, 9.21 – 9.22 forms, 9.21 – 9.22 provisional registration, 9.18 – 9.20 extension of, 9.20 validity of, 9.20 register, administration of, 9.2 registration bareboat charter, 9.9 – 9.10 deregistration, 9.26 eligibility for, 9.4 – 9.5 mortgages, 9.23 – 9.24 permanent registration, 9.21 – 9.22 permanent registration, forms, 9.21 – 9.22 procedure for, 9.20 provisional registration, 9.18 – 9.20 provisional, extension of, 9.20 provisional, validity of, 9.20 register, administration of, 9.2 security interests, 9.25 survey, 9.24 yachts, 9.27 security interests registration of, 9.25 source of law, 9.3 survey requirement of, 9.24 trading limits, 9.15 yachts registration of, 9.27 blacklists, 3.47 boycotts, 6.17 Britain. See United Kingdom British Virgin Islands bareboat charter registration, 10.8 foreign charter, 10.9 classification societies, 10.15 crew certification, 10.12 competency certificates, 10.12 nationality of crew, 10.13 deregistration procedure for, 10.30 eligibility for registration age limit, 10.5 vessel type, 10.4 fees, 10.30 fleet, 10.2 geography of, 10.1 interim registration, 10.21 manning requirements, 10.11 safe manning documents, 10.14 mortgages registration of, 10.25 – 10.28 ownership requirements of, 10.6 – 10.7 permanent registration, 10.17 – 10.20 forms, 10.18 provisional registration, 10.22 extension of, 10.23 validity of, 10.23 radio traffic accounting authorities, 10.16 register, administration of, 10.2 registration bareboat charter, 10.8 – 10.9 deregistration, 10.30 eligibility for, 10.4 – 10.5 interim registration, 10.21 mortgages, 10.25 – 10.28 permanent registration, 10.17 – 10.20 permanent registration, forms, 10.18 procedure for, 10.17 provisional registration, 10.22 provisional, extension of, 10.23 provisional, validity of, 10.23 register, administration of, 10.2 security interests, 10.25 – 10.28 ships under construction, 10.24 survey, 10.19 – 10.20 . 10.29 yachts, 10.31 – 10.33 sanctions, 10.10 security interests registration of, 10.25 – 10.28 ships under construction registration of, 10.24 source of law, 10.3 survey requirement of, 10.19 – 10.20 . 10.29 trading limits, 10.10 Page 514 yachts registration of, 10.31 – 10.33 BVI. See British Virgin Islands capital markets access to, 6.15 categories of ship. See Vessels Cayman Islands bareboat charter registration, 11.8 foreign charter, 11.9 classification societies, 11.15 crew certification, 11.13 competency certificates, 11.12 nationality of crew, 11.13 deregistration procedure for, 11.29 eligibility for registration age limit, 11.5 vessel type, 11.4 fees, 11.29 , 11.33 fleet, 11.2 geography of, 11.1 interim registration, 11.20 manning requirements, 11.11 safe manning documents, 11.14 mortgages registration of, 11.24 – 11.27 ownership requirements of, 11.6 – 11.7 permanent registration, 11.17 – 11.19 forms, 11.21 – 11.22 provisional registration, 11.21 extension of, 11.22 validity of, 11.22 radio traffic accounting authorities, 11.16 register, administration of, 11.2 registration bareboat charter, 11.8 – 11.9 deregistration, 11.29 eligibility for, 11.4 – 11.5 interim registration, 11.20 mortgages, 11.24 – 11.27 permanent registration, 11.17 – 11.19 permanent registration, forms, 11.21 – 11.22 procedure for, 11.17 provisional registration, 11.21 provisional, extension of, 11.22 provisional, validity of, 11.22 register, administration of, 11.2 security interests, 11.24 – 11.27 ships under construction, 11.23 survey, 11.18 . 11.28 yachts, 11.30 – 11.34 sanctions, 11.10 security interests registration of, 11.24 – 11.27 ships under construction registration of, 11.23 source of law, 11.3 survey requirement of, 11.18 . 11.28 trading limits, 11.10 yachts registration of, 11.30 – 11.34 certification International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 2.37 – 2.39 charges. See Mortgages choice of flag access to markets, 6.15 – 6.16 economic factors, 6.3 – 6.11 factors influencing, 6.15 – 6.17 operating costs, 6.12 – 6.14 political factors, 6.17 choice of international registers. See international registers, choice of, 6.18 choice of law, 1.32 – 1.33 classification societies Bahamas, 7.13 Barbados, 8.17 Bermuda, 9.19 British Virgin Islands, 10.15 Cayman Islands, 11.15 Cyprus, 12.24 flag states, 2.11 , 3.50 Gibraltar, 13.21 Hong Kong, 14.11 Isle of Man, 15.15 Jamaica, 16.19 Liberia, 17.17 Malta, 18.13 Marshall Islands, 19.19 Norway, 20.13 Panama, 21.20 Singapore, 22.19 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.18 United Kingdom, 24.17 Vanuatu, 25.15 collective agreements, 4.42 collisions, 10.9 , 11.9 . 18.22 common law, 5.15 company formation accounts Singapore, 22.11 company officers Jamaica, 16.10 Marshall Islands, 19.10 – 19.11 Page 515 Panama, 21.9 – 21.10 Singapore, 22.8 – 22.10 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.9 – 23.10 Gibraltar, 13.7 – 13.9 Jamaica, 16.6 Liberia, 17.7 Marshall Islands, 19.7 non-resident status Jamaica, 16.8 Marshall Islands, 19.8 Panama, 21.8 United Kingdom, 24.8 Vanuatu, 25.7 overseas company Jamaica, 16.7 Panama, 21.7 Panama, 21.7 registered agent Liberia, 17.8 Marshall Islands, 19.9 registered office Jamaica, 16.9 Liberia, 17.8 Panama, 21.8 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.8 Returns Jamaica, 16.11 Singapore, 22.11 Singapore, 22.7 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.7 United Kingdom, 24.7 Vanuatu, 25.7 company officers Jamaica, 16.10 Marshall Islands, 19.10 – 19.11 Panama, 21.9 – 21.10 Singapore, 22.8 – 22.10 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.9 – 23.10 company secretary. See company officers company security officer appointment of, 2.35 competency certificates Bahamas, 7.10 Barbados, 8.13 . 8.14 Bermuda, 9.16 British Virgin Islands, 10.12 Cayman Islands, 11.12 crew certification Bahamas, 7.10 Barbados, 8.13 . 8.14 Bermuda, 9.16 British Virgin Islands, 10.12 Cayman Islands, 11.12 Cyprus, 12.20 Gibraltar, 13.17 Hong Kong, 14.10 Isle of Man, 15.12 Jamaica, 16.16 Liberia, 17.14 Malta, 18.10 Marshall Islands, 19.16 Norway, 20.10 Panama, 21.17 Singapore, 22.16 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.15 United Kingdom, 24.14 Vanuatu, 25.12 Cyprus, 12.20 Gibraltar, 13.17 Hong Kong, 14.10 Isle of Man, 15.12 Jamaica, 16.16 Liberia, 17.14 Malta, 18.10 Marshall Islands, 19.16 Norway, 20.10 Panama, 21.17 Singapore, 22.16 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.15 United Kingdom, 24.14 Vanuatu, 25.12 competition, 6.1 – 6.2 conditions for registration of ships. See registration connecting factors, 1.15 nationality of crew Bahamas, 7.11 Barbados, 8.15 Bermuda, 9.17 British Virgin Islands, 10.13 Cayman Islands, 11.13 Cyprus, 12.21 Gibraltar, 13.19 Hong Kong, 14.10 Isle of Man, 15.13 Jamaica, 16.17 Liberia, 17.15 Malta, 18.11 Marshall Islands, 19.17 Norway, 20.11 Panama, 21.18 Singapore, 22.17 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.16 United Kingdom, 24.15 Vanuatu, 25.13 Norway, 20.10 Panama, 21.17 Singapore, 22.16 Page 516 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.15 United Kingdom, 24.14 Vanuatu, 25.12 currency Bahamas, 7.1 Barbados, 8.1 Bermuda, 9.1 British Virgin Islands, 10.1 Cayman Islands, 11.1 Cyprus, 12.1 Gibraltar, 13.1 Hong Kong, 14.1 Isle of Man, 15.1 Jamaica, 16.1 Liberia, 17.1 Malta, 18.1 Marshall Islands, 19.1 Norway, 20.1 Panama, 21.1 Singapore, 22.1 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.1 United Kingdom, 24.1 Vanuatu, 25.1 Cyprus bareboat charter registration, 12.16 foreign charter, 12.17 classification societies, 12.24 crew certification, 12.20 competency certificates, 12.20 nationality of crew, 12.21 deregistration procedure for, 12.31 eligibility for registration age limit, 12.5 – 12.14 eligibility for registration vessel type, 12.4 fees, 12.3 , 12.27 , 12.28 fishing vessels, 12.13 fleet, 12.2 geography of, 12.1 manning requirements, 12.19 safe manning documents, 12.22 – 12.23 mortgages registration of, 12.29 ownership requirements of, 12.15 permanent registration, 12.28 forms, 12.28 provisional registration, 12.25 – 12.26 extension of, 12.27 validity of, 12.27 register, administration of, 12.2 registration bareboat charter, 12.16 – 12.17 deregistration, 12.31 eligibility for, 12.4 mortgages, 12.29 permanent registration, 12.28 permanent registration, forms, 12.28 procedure for, 12.25 provisional registration, 12.25 – 12.26 provisional, extension of, 12.27 provisional, validity of, 12.27 register, administration of, 12.2 security interests, 12.29 survey, 12.30 security interests registration of, 12.29 source of law, 12.3 survey requirement of, 12.30 tonnage tax, 12.3 trading limits, 12.18 Danish International Ship Register, 4.14 , 4.44 deregistration, procedure for Bahamas, 7.22 Barbados, 8.25 Bermuda, 9.26 British Virgin Islands, 10.30 Cayman Islands, 11.29 Cyprus, 12.31 Gibraltar, 13.27 Hong Kong, 14.20 Isle of Man, 15.22 Jamaica, 16.27 Liberia, 17.26 Malta, 18.23 Marshall Islands, 19.26 Norway, 20.19 Panama, 21.29 Singapore, 22.26 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.25 United Kingdom, 24.31 Vanuatu, 25.22 detention, 2.16 – 2.22 developing countries, 6.15 discrimination, 3.50 , 6.17 documentation. See forms double tax treaties Marshall Islands, 19.20 Panama, 21.22 drilling platform, 4.41 dual registry, 21.11 duties of flag state. See flag states, duties of economic factors choice of flag, 6.3 – 6.11 electronic certificates international registers, 6.31 Page 517 eligibility for registration age of vessel Bahamas, 7.5 Barbados, 8.6 Bermuda, 9.5 British Virgin Islands, 10.5 Cayman Islands, 11.5 Cyprus, 12.5 – 12.14 Gibraltar, 13.5 Hong Kong, 14.5 Isle of Man, 15.5 Jamaica, 16.4 Liberia, 17.5 Malta, 18.5 Marshall Islands, 19.5 Norway, 20.5 Panama, 21.5 Singapore, 22.5 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.5 United Kingdom, 24.5 Vanuatu, 25.5 type of vessel Bahamas, 7.4 Barbados, 8.4 . 8.5 Bermuda, 9.4 British Virgin Islands, 10.4 Cayman Islands, 11.4 Cyprus, 12.4 Gibraltar, 13.4 Hong Kong, 14.4 Isle of Man, 15.4 Jamaica, 16.3 Liberia, 17.4 Malta, 18.4 Marshall Islands, 19.4 Norway, 20.4 Panama, 21.4 Singapore, 22.4 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.4 United Kingdom, 24.4 Vanuatu, 25.4 exchange control, 19.8 , 23.23 , 25.16 extension of provisional registration Bahamas, 7.16 Barbados, 8.21 Bermuda, 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.23 Cayman Islands, 11.22 Cyprus, 12.27 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Jamaica, 16.23 Liberia, 17.21 Malta, 18.17 . 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.22 Panama, 21.25 Singapore, 22.23 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.21 United Kingdom, 24.21 Vanuatu, 25.18 fees, 1.21 , 4.18 , 4.45 , 5.19 , 5.29 , 6.3 , 6.19 , 6.25 , 6.26 Bahamas, 7.17 , 7.22 Barbados, 8.3 , 8.19 , 8.25 Bermuda, 9.14 , 9.27 British Virgin Islands, 10.30 Cayman Islands, 11.29 , 11.33 Cyprus, 12.3 , 12.27 , 12.28 Gibraltar, 13.13 , 13.23 Hong Kong, 14.3 Jamaica, 16.2 , 16.26 Liberia, 17.20 , 17.26 Malta, 18.7 , 18.15 , 18.18 Marshall Islands, 19.12 , 19.26 Panama, 21.14 , 21.19 , 21.24 Singapore, 22.26 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.11 , 23.20 , 23.22 , 23.23 , 23.25 Vanuatu, 25.2 , 25.8 , 25.17 , 25.19 fishing vessels, 3.26 , 3.32 , 3.43 , 4.41 , 4.43 , 4.45 , 6.32 Bahamas, 7.4 Barbados, 8.8 Cyprus, 12.13 Gibraltar, 13.4 Hong Kong, 14.4 Isle of Man, 15.14 Jamaica, 16.3 Liberia, 17.22 Marshall Islands, 19.4 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.4 United Kingdom, 24.4 , 24.6 , 24.15 , 24.19 , 24.22 , 24.24 , 24.30 flag of convenience international registers, 4.14 – 4.36 See also registration, flag of convenience flag states choice of flag, 6.1 – 6.2 access to markets, 6.15 – 6.16 economic factors, 6.3 – 6.11 operating costs, 6.12 – 6.14 political factors, 6.17 classification societies, 2.11 duties of general principles, 2.1 – 2.4 implementation of mandatory instruments, 2.5 – 2.15 port state control, 2.16 – 2.28 quality control system Hong Kong, 14.17 – 14.18 Page 518 sovereignty registration, 3.1 – 3.7 survey, 2.12 – 2.15 fleet Bahamas, 7.2 Barbados, 8.2 Bermuda, 9.2 British Virgin Islands, 10.2 Cayman Islands, 11.2 Cyprus, 12.2 Gibraltar, 13.2 Hong Kong, 14.2 Isle of Man, 15.2 Liberia, 17.2 Malta, 18.2 Marshall Islands, 19.2 Norway, 20.2 foreign charter registration of bareboat charter Bahamas, 7.7 Barbados, 8.11 Bermuda, 9.12 – 9.14 British Virgin Islands, 10.9 Cayman Islands, 11.9 Cyprus, 12.17 Gibraltar, 13.14 – 13.15 Isle of Man, 15.9 Jamaica, 16.13 Liberia, 17.11 Malta, 18.8 Marshall Islands, 19.13 Norway, 20.7 Panama, 21.13 Singapore, 22.13 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.12 United Kingdom, 24.11 Vanuatu, 25.9 forms permanent registration, 1.20 – 1.24 Bahamas, 7.18 Barbados, 8.22 Bermuda, 9.21 – 9.22 British Virgin Islands, 10.18 Cayman Islands, 11.21 – 11.22 Cyprus, 12.28 Gibraltar, 13.23 Hong Kong, 14.14 Isle of Man, 15.18 Jamaica, 16.24 Liberia, 17.22 Malta, 18.20 Marshall Islands, 19.23 Norway, 20.16 Panama, 21.26 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.22 United Kingdom, 24.22 – 24.23 Vanuatu, 25.19 geography Bahamas, 7.1 Barbados, 8.1 Bermuda, 9.1 British Virgin Islands, 10.1 Cayman Islands, 11.1 Cyprus, 12.1 Gibraltar, 13.1 Hong Kong, 14.1 Isle of Man, 15.1 Jamaica, 16.1 Liberia, 17.1 Malta, 18.1 Marshall Islands, 19.1 Norway, 20.1 Panama, 21.1 Singapore, 22.1 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.1 United Kingdom, 24.1 Vanuatu, 25.1 Gibraltar bareboat charter registration, 13.10 – 13.13 foreign charter, 13.14 – 13.15 classification societies, 13.21 company formation, 13.7 – 13.9 crew certification, 13.17 competency certificates, 13.17 nationality of crew, 13.19 deregistration procedure for, 13.27 eligibility for registration age limit, 13.5 vessel type, 13.4 fees, 13.13 , 13.23 fishing vessels, 13.4 fleet, 13.2 geography of, 13.1 manning requirements, 13.17 – 13.18 safe manning documents, 13.20 mortgages registration of, 13.24 – 13.25 ownership requirements of, 13.6 permanent registration, 13.23 forms, 13.23 pleasure craft, 13.4 provisional registration, 13.22 extension of, 13.22 validity of, 13.22 register, administration of, 13.2 Page 519 registration bareboat charter, 13.10 – 13.13 deregistration, 13.27 eligibility for, 13.4 – 13.5 mortgages, 13.24 – 13.25 permanent registration, 13.23 permanent registration, forms, 13.23 procedure for, 13.22 provisional registration, 13.22 provisional, extension of, 13.22 provisional, validity of, 13.22 register, administration of, 13.2 security interests, 13.24 – 13.25 survey, 13.26 yachts, 13.28 security interests registration of, 13.24 – 13.25 source of law, 13.3 survey requirement of, 13.26 trading limits, 13.16 yachts registration of, 13.28 Great Britain. See United Kingdom high seas definition, 1.2 jurisdiction, 1.3 vessels nationality of, 1.3 , 1.4 protection of, 1.4 registration of, 1.4 , 1.5 , 1.6 registration of, 1.4 – 1.19 Hong Kong bareboat charter registration, 14.7 – 14.8 classification societies, 14.11 crew certification, 14.10 competency certificates, 14.10 crew certification nationality of crew, 14.10 deregistration procedure for, 14.20 eligibility for registration age limit, 14.5 eligibility for registration vessel type, 14.4 fees, 14.3 fishing vessels, 14.4 flag State quality control system, 14.17 – 14.18 fleet, 14.2 geography of, 14.1 manning requirements, 14.10 safe manning documents, 14.2 mortgages registration of, 14.15 – 14.16 ownership requirements of, 14.6 permanent registration, 14.14 forms, 14.14 provisional registration, 14.13 extension of, 14.13 validity of, 14.13 register, administration of, 14.2 registration bareboat charter, 14.7 – 14.8 deregistration, 14.20 eligibility for, 14.4 – 14.5 flag State quality control system, 14.17 – 14.18 mortgages, 14.15 – 14.16 permanent registration, 14.14 permanent registration, forms, 14.14 procedure for, 14.13 provisional registration, 14.13 provisional, extension of, 14.13 provisional, validity of, 14.13 register, administration of, 14.2 security interests, 14.15 – 14.16 survey, 14.19 security interests registration of, 14.15 – 14.16 self-propelled vessels, 14.4 source of law, 14.2 . 14.3 survey requirement of, 14.19 taxation, 14.12 trading limits, 14.9 hypothèques. See mortgages in rem rights, 1.23 , 1.38 , 5.12 , 5.22 inspections. surveys interim registration British Virgin Islands, 10.21 Cayman Islands, 11.20 International Association of Classification Societies, 2.11 International Maritime Organization, 2.34 international registers, 4.14 – 4.36 , 6.16 choice of, 6.18 accessibility, 6.29 – 6.30 costs, 6.25 – 6.26 electronic certificates, 6.31 fishing vessels, 6.32 government stability, 6.22 labour relations, 6.23 manning and certification, 6.24 national preference, 6.27 ownership restrictions, 6.21 reputation, 6.40 technical expertise, 6.28 Page 520 vessel eligibility, 6.19 – 6.20 yachts, 6.33 – 6.39 labour rights, 4.30 – 4.36 opposition to, 4.20 safety, 4.21 – 4.24 second registers, 4.37 – 4.46 transparency, 4.25 – 4.29 International Ship Security Certificate, 2.35 Isle of Man bareboat charter registration, 15.8 foreign charter, 15.9 classification societies, 15.15 crew certification, 15.11 competency certificates, 15.12 nationality of crew, 15.13 deregistration procedure for, 15.22 eligibility for registration age limit, 15.5 vessel type, 15.4 fishing vessels, 15.14 fleet, 15.2 geography of, 15.1 manning requirements, 15.11 safe manning documents, 15.14 mortgages registration of, 15.19 – 15.20 ownership requirements of, 15.6 – 15.7 permanent registration, 15.18 forms, 15.18 pleasure craft, 15.14 provisional registration, 15.17 register, administration of, 15.2 registration bareboat charter, 15.8 – 15.9 deregistration, 15.22 eligibility for, 15.4 mortgages, 15.19 – 15.20 permanent registration, 15.18 permanent registration, forms, 15.18 procedure for, 15.25 provisional registration, 15.17 register, administration of, 15.2 security interests, 15.19 – 15.20 survey, 15.21 yachts, 15.23 – 15.24 sanctions, 15.10 security interests registration of, 15.19 – 15.20 source of law, 15.3 survey requirement of, 15.21 taxation, 15.16 trading limits, 15.10 Jamaica bareboat charter registration, 16.12 foreign charter, 16.13 classification societies, 16.19 company formation, 16.6 company officers, 16.10 non-resident status, 16.8 overseas company, 16.7 registered office, 16.9 returns, 16.11 crew certification, 16.16 competency certificates, 16.16 nationality of crew, 16.17 deregistration procedure for, 16.27 eligibility for registration age limit, 16.4 vessel type, 16.3 fees, 16.2 , 16.26 fishing vessels, 16.3 geography of, 16.1 manning requirements, 16.15 safe manning documents, 16.18 mortgages registration of, 16.25 ownership requirements of, 16.5 permanent registration, 16.24 forms, 16.24 pleasure craft, 16.3 provisional registration, 16.22 extension of, 16.23 validity of, 16.23 register, administration of, 16.2 registration bareboat charter, 16.12 deregistration, 16.27 eligibility for, 16.3 – 16.4 mortgages, 16.25 permanent registration, 16.24 permanent registration, forms, 16.24 procedure for, 16.22 provisional registration, 16.22 provisional, extension of, 16.23 provisional, validity of, 16.23 register, administration of, 16.2 security interests, 16.25 survey, 16.26 security interests registration of, 16.25 source of law, 16.2 survey requirement of, 16.26 taxation, 16.20 – 16.21 Page 521 trading limits, 16.14 jet skis and similar craft, 3.39 , 3.42 Kerguelen register, 4.39 labour relations. certificates of competency; See international registers, manning, nationality of crew law merchant, 1.9 leisure craft, 3.42 , 3.43 Liberia bareboat charter registration, 17.9 – 17.11 foreign charter, 17.11 classification societies, 17.17 company formation, 17.7 registered agent, 17.8 registered office, 17.8 crew certification, 17.14 competency certificates, 17.14 nationality of crew, 17.15 deregistration procedure for, 17.26 eligibility for registration age limit, 17.5 vessel type, 17.4 fees, 17.20 , 17.26 fishing vessels, 17.22 fleet, 17.2 geography of, 17.1 manning requirements, 17.13 safe manning documents, 17.16 mortgages registration of, 17.23 – 17.24 ownership requirements of, 17.6 permanent registration, 17.22 forms, 17.22 provisional registration, 17.20 extension of, 17.21 validity of, 17.21 register, administration of, 17.2 registration bareboat charter, 17.9 – 17.11 deregistration, 17.26 eligibility for, 17.4 – 17.5 mortgages, 17.23 – 17.24 permanent registration, 17.22 permanent registration, forms, 17.22 procedure for, 17.19 provisional registration, 17.20 provisional, extension of, 17.21 provisional, validity of, 17.21 register, administration of, 17.2 security interests, 17.23 – 17.24 survey, 17.25 security interests registration of, 17.23 – 17.24 self-propelled vessels, 17.4 source of law, 17.3 survey requirement of, 17.25 taxation, 17.18 tonnage tax, 17.18 , 17.20 trading limits, 17.12 liens, 5.5 , 5.11 , 5.13 , 5.14 , 5.21 , 5.27 , 5.32 – 5.34 maintenance of the register, 2.2 Malta bareboat charter registration, 18.6 – 18.8 foreign charter, 18.8 classification societies, 18.13 crew certification, 18.10 competency certificates, 18.10 nationality of crew, 18.11 deregistration procedure for, 18.23 eligibility for registration age limit, 18.5 vessel type, 18.4 fees, 18.7 , 18.15 , 18.18 fleet, 18.2 geography of, 18.1 manning requirements, 18.10 safe manning documents, 18.12 mortgages requirement of, 18.22 permanent registration, 18.18 forms, 18.20 pleasure craft, 18.15 provisional registration, 18.15 extension of, 18.17 . 18.19 validity of, 18.16 . 18.19 radio licence registration of, 18.21 register, administration of, 18.2 registration bareboat charter, 18.6 – 18.8 deregistration, 18.23 eligibility for, 18.4 – 18.5 mortgages, 18.22 permanent registration, 18.18 permanent registration, forms, 18.20 procedure for, 18.14 provisional registration, 18.15 provisional, extension of, 18.17 . 18.19 provisional, validity of, 18.16 . 18.19 radio licence, 18.21 register, administration of, 18.2 security interests, 18.22 survey, 18.19 Page 522 security interests requirement of, 18.22 source of law, 18.3 survey requirement of, 18.19 trading limits, 18.9 manning requirements of Bahamas, 7.8 Barbados, 8.13 Bermuda, 9.16 British Virgin Islands, 10.11 Cayman Islands, 11.11 Cyprus, 12.19 Gibraltar, 13.17 – 13.18 Hong Kong, 14.10 Isle of Man, 15.11 Jamaica, 16.15 Liberia, 17.13 Malta, 18.10 Marshall Islands, 19.15 Norway, 20.9 Panama, 21.16 Singapore, 22.15 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.14 United Kingdom, 24.13 Vanuatu, 25.11 safe manning documents Bahamas, 7.12 Barbados, 8.16 Bermuda, 9.18 British Virgin Islands, 10.14 Cayman Islands, 11.14 Cyprus, 12.22 – 12.23 Gibraltar, 13.20 Hong Kong, 14.2 Isle of Man, 15.14 Jamaica, 16.18 Liberia, 17.16 Malta, 18.12 Marshall Islands, 19.18 Norway, 20.12 Panama, 21.19 Singapore, 22.18 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.17 United Kingdom, 24.16 Vanuatu, 25.14 maritime security International Ship and Port Facility Security Code, 2.34 – 2.36 Marshall Islands bareboat charter registration, 19.12 foreign charter, 19.13 classification societies, 19.19 company formation, 19.7 company officers, 19.10 – 19.11 non-resident status, 19.8 registered agent, 19.9 crew certification, 19.16 competency certificates, 19.16 nationality of crew, 19.17 deregistration procedure for, 19.26 eligibility for registration age limit, 19.5 vessel type, 19.4 fees, 19.12 , 19.26 fishing vessels, 19.4 fleet, 19.2 geography of, 19.1 manning requirements, 19.15 safe manning documents, 19.18 mortgages registration of, 19.24 ownership requirements of, 19.6 permanent registration, 19.23 forms, 19.23 provisional registration, 19.21 extension of, 19.22 validity of, 19.22 register, administration of, 19.2 registration bareboat charter, 19.12 – 19.13 deregistration, 19.26 eligibility for, 19.4 – 19.5 mortgages, 19.24 permanent registration, 19.23 permanent registration, forms, 19.23 procedure for, 19.21 provisional registration, 19.21 provisional registration, 19.21 provisional, extension of, 19.22 provisional, validity of, 19.22 radio licence, 19.21 radio licence, 19.21 register, administration of, 19.2 security interests, 19.24 survey, 19.25 yachts, 19.27 – 19.29 security interests registration of, 19.24 source of law, 19.3 survey requirement of, 19.25 taxation, 19.20 tonnage tax, 19.21 trading limits, 19.14 yachts registration of, 19.27 – 19.29 Page 523 merchant fleet. See fleet mortgages, 6.15 applicable law, 3.46 , 5.5 bareboat charter convention on, 5.32 – 5.34 protection of mortgagees, 5.26 – 5.31 enforcement, 5.12 registration of, 1.38 Bahamas, 7.20 Barbados, 8.23 Bermuda, 9.23 – 9.24 British Virgin Islands, 10.25 – 10.28 Cayman Islands, 11.24 – 11.27 Cyprus, 12.29 Gibraltar, 13.24 – 13.25 Hong Kong, 14.15 – 14.16 Isle of Man, 15.19 – 15.20 Jamaica, 16.25 Liberia, 17.23 – 17.24 Malta, 18.22 Marshall Islands, 19.24 Norway, 20.18 Panama, 21.27 Singapore, 22.25 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.23 United Kingdom, 24.27 – 24.29 Vanuatu, 25.20 nationality of crew crew certification Bahamas, 7.11 Barbados, 8.15 Bermuda, 9.17 British Virgin Islands, 10.13 Cayman Islands, 11.13 Cyprus, 12.21 Gibraltar, 13.19 Hong Kong, 14.10 Isle of Man, 15.13 Jamaica, 16.17 Liberia, 17.15 Malta, 18.11 Marshall Islands, 19.17 Norway, 20.11 Panama, 21.18 Singapore, 22.17 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.16 United Kingdom, 24.15 Vanuatu, 25.13 naval protection of vessels, 1.29 , 4.6 , 6.17 non-resident status company formation Jamaica, 16.8 Marshall Islands, 19.8 Panama, 21.8 United Kingdom, 24.8 Vanuatu, 25.7 Norway bareboat charter registration, 20.7 foreign charter, 20.7 classification societies, 20.13 crew certification, 20.10 competency certificates, 20.10 nationality of crew, 20.11 deregistration procedure for, 20.19 eligibility for registration age limit, 20.5 vessel type, 20.4 fleet, 20.2 geography of, 20.1 manning requirements, 20.9 safe manning documents, 20.12 mortgages registration of, 20.18 ownership requirements of, 20.6 permanent registration, 20.17 forms, 20.16 register, administration of, 20.2 registration bareboat charter, 20.7 deregistration, 20.19 eligibility for, 20.4 – 20.5 mortgages, 20.18 permanent registration, 20.17 permanent registration, forms, 20.16 procedure for, 20.15 register, administration of, 20.2 security interests, 20.18 survey, 20.15 security interests registration of, 20.18 self-propelled vessels, 20.4 source of law, 20.3 survey requirement of, 20.15 taxation, 20.14 tonnage tax, 20.14 trading limits, 20.8 offshore drilling platforms, 3.41 , 3.43 open registries. See International registers operating costs choice of flag, 6.12 – 6.14 overseas company. See company formation, overseas company ownership co-owners, 1.37 permitted categories, 3.8 – 3.12 Page 524 registration genuine link, 3.13 – 3.36 requirements of Barbados, 8.7 – 8.8 Bermuda, 9.6 – 9.7 British Virgin Islands, 10.6 – 10.7 Cayman Islands, 11.6 – 11.7 Cyprus, 12.15 Gibraltar, 13.6 Hong Kong, 14.6 Isle of Man, 15.6 – 15.7 Jamaica, 16.5 Liberia, 17.6 Marshall Islands, 19.6 Norway, 20.6 Panama, 21.6 Singapore, 22.6 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.6 United Kingdom, 24.6 Vanuatu, 25.6 Panama bareboat charter registration, 21.11 – 21.12 foreign charter, 21.13 classification societies, 21.20 company formation, 21.7 company officers, 21.9 – 21.10 non-resident status, 21.8 overseas company, 21.7 registered office, 21.8 crew certification, 21.17 competency certificates, 21.17 nationality of crew, 21.18 deregistration procedure for, 21.29 eligibility for registration age limit, 21.5 vessel type, 21.4 fees, 21.14 , 21.19 , 21.24 geography of, 21.1 manning requirements, 21.16 safe manning documents, 21.19 mortgages registration of, 21.27 ownership requirements of, 21.6 permanent registration, 21.26 forms, 21.26 provisional registration, 21.23 – 21.24 extension of, 21.25 validity of, 21.25 register, administration of, 21.2 registration bareboat charter, 21.11 – 21.12 deregistration, 21.29 eligibility for, 21.4 – 21.5 mortgages, 21.27 permanent registration, 21.26 permanent registration, forms, 21.26 procedure for, 21.23 provisional registration, 21.23 – 21.24 provisional, extension of, 21.25 provisional, validity of, 21.25 register, administration of, 21.2 security interests, 21.27 short-term registration, 21.14 survey, 21.28 security interests registration of, 21.27 short-term registration, 21.14 source of law, 21.3 survey requirement of, 21.28 taxation, 21.21 double tax treaties, 21.22 trading limits, 21.15 parallel registration. See bareboat charter part-owners, 1.37 permanent registration age limit Bahamas, 7.19 Bahamas, 7.17 Barbados, 8.22 Bermuda, 9.21 – 9.22 British Virgin Islands, 10.17 – 10.20 Cayman Islands, 11.17 – 11.19 Cyprus, 12.28 forms, 1.20 – 1.24 Bahamas, 7.18 Barbados, 8.22 Bermuda, 9.21 – 9.22 British Virgin Islands, 10.18 Cayman Islands, 11.21 – 11.22 Cyprus, 12.28 Gibraltar, 13.23 Hong Kong, 14.14 Isle of Man, 15.18 Jamaica, 16.24 Liberia, 17.22 Malta, 18.20 Marshall Islands, 19.23 Norway, 20.16 Panama, 21.26 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.22 United Kingdom, 24.22 – 24.23 Vanuatu, 25.19 Gibraltar, 13.23 Hong Kong, 14.14 Isle of Man, 15.18 Page 525 Jamaica, 16.24 Liberia, 17.22 Malta, 18.18 Marshall Islands, 19.23 Norway, 20.17 Panama, 21.26 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.22 United Kingdom, 24.22 – 24.26 Vanuatu, 25.19 permitted categories of ships. See vessel pleasure craft Gibraltar, 13.4 Isle of Man, 15.14 Jamaica, 16.3 Malta, 18.15 United Kingdom, 24.19 , 24.30 political factors choice of flag, 6.17 port state control duties relating to, 2.16 – 2.28 flag states, 2.16 – 2.28 survey, 2.16 – 2.28 procedure for deregistration. See deregistration, procedure for procedure for registration. See registration, procedure for provisional registration Bahamas, 7.15 Barbados, 8.18 – 8.20 Bermuda, 9.18 – 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.22 Cayman Islands, 11.21 Cyprus, 12.25 – 12.26 extension of Bahamas, 7.16 Barbados, 8.21 Bermuda, 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.23 Cayman Islands, 11.22 Cyprus, 12.27 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Jamaica, 16.23 Liberia, 17.21 Malta, 18.17 . 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.22 Panama, 21.25 Singapore, 22.23 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.21 United Kingdom, 24.21 Vanuatu, 25.18 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Isle of Man, 15.17 Jamaica, 16.22 Liberia, 17.20 Malta, 18.15 Marshall Islands, 19.21 Panama, 21.23 – 21.24 Singapore, 22.22 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.20 United Kingdom, 24.20 validity of Bahamas, 7.16 Barbados, 8.21 Bermuda, 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.23 Cayman Islands, 11.22 Cyprus, 12.27 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Jamaica, 16.23 Liberia, 17.21 Malta, 18.16 . 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.22 Panama, 21.25 Singapore, 22.23 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.21 United Kingdom, 24.21 Vanuatu, 25.18 Vanuatu, 25.17 radio licence registration Malta, 18.21 Marshall Islands, 19.21 radio traffic accounting authorities Bahamas, 7.14 British Virgin Islands, 10.16 Cayman Islands, 11.16 registered agent company formation Liberia, 17.8 Marshall Islands, 19.9 registered office company formation Jamaica, 16.9 Liberia, 17.8 Panama, 21.8 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.8 registration bareboat charter Bahamas, 7.6 Barbados, 8.9 – 8.10 Bermuda, 9.9 – 9.10 British Virgin Islands, 10.8 – 10.9 Cayman Islands, 11.8 – 11.9 Cyprus, 12.16 – 12.17 Gibraltar, 13.10 – 13.13 Page 526 Hong Kong, 14.7 – 14.8 Isle of Man, 15.8 – 15.9 Jamaica, 16.12 Liberia, 17.9 – 17.11 Malta, 18.6 – 18.8 Marshall Islands, 19.12 – 19.13 Norway, 20.7 Panama, 21.11 – 21.12 Singapore, 22.12 – 22.13 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.11 – 23.12 United Kingdom, 24.11 – 24.12 Vanuatu, 25.8 – 25.9 choice of law, 1.32 – 1.33 deregistration Bahamas, 7.22 Barbados, 8.25 Bermuda, 9.26 British Virgin Islands, 10.30 Cayman Islands, 11.29 Cyprus, 12.31 Gibraltar, 13.27 Hong Kong, 14.20 Isle of Man, 15.22 Jamaica, 16.27 Liberia, 17.26 Malta, 18.23 Marshall Islands, 19.26 Norway, 20.19 Panama, 21.29 Singapore, 22.26 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.25 United Kingdom, 24.31 Vanuatu, 25.22 effect of, 1.29 – 1.40 eligibility for age limit, 3.45 – 3.50 Bahamas, 7.4 . 7.5 Barbados, 8.4 – 8.6 Bermuda, 9.4 – 9.5 British Virgin Islands, 10.4 – 10.5 Cayman Islands, 11.4 – 11.5 Cyprus, 12.4 general principles, 3.37 – 3.44 Gibraltar, 13.4 – 13.5 Hong Kong, 14.4 – 14.5 Isle of Man, 15.4 Jamaica, 16.3 – 16.4 Liberia, 17.4 – 17.5 Malta, 18.4 – 18.5 Marshall Islands, 19.4 – 19.5 Norway, 20.4 – 20.5 Panama, 21.4 – 21.5 Singapore, 22.4 – 22.5 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.4 – 23.5 United Kingdom, 24.4 – 24.5 Vanuatu, 25.4 – 25.5 vessel type, 3.45 – 3.50 flag, 1.25 – 1.27 flag of convenience international registers, 4.14 – 4.36 meaning, 4.1 – 4.13 flag State quality control system Hong Kong, 14.17 – 14.18 forms, 1.20 – 1.24 general principles, 1.1 interim registration British Virgin Islands, 10.21 Cayman Islands, 11.20 international registers, 4.14 – 4.36 choice of, 6.18 – 6.40 labour rights, 4.30 – 4.36 opposition to, 4.20 safety, 4.21 – 4.24 second registers, 4.37 – 4.46 transparency, 4.25 – 4.29 mortgages, 1.38 Bahamas, 7.20 Barbados, 8.23 Bermuda, 9.23 – 9.24 British Virgin Islands, 10.25 – 10.28 Cayman Islands, 11.24 – 11.27 Cyprus, 12.29 Gibraltar, 13.24 – 13.25 Hong Kong, 14.15 – 14.16 Isle of Man, 15.19 – 15.20 Jamaica, 16.25 Liberia, 17.23 – 17.24 Malta, 18.22 Marshall Islands, 19.24 Norway, 20.18 Panama, 21.27 Singapore, 22.25 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.23 United Kingdom, 24.27 – 24.29 Vanuatu, 25.20 obligations on flag states, 1.29 – 1.40 ownership genuine link, 3.13 – 3.36 permanent registration Bahamas, 7.17 Barbados, 8.22 Bermuda, 9.21 – 9.22 British Virgin Islands, 10.17 – 10.20 Cayman Islands, 11.17 – 11.19 Cyprus, 12.28 Gibraltar, 13.23 Hong Kong, 14.14 Isle of Man, 15.18 Jamaica, 16.24 Liberia, 17.22 Page 527 Malta, 18.18 Marshall Islands, 19.23 Norway, 20.17 Panama, 21.26 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.22 United Kingdom, 24.22 – 24.26 Vanuatu, 25.19 permanent registration, age limit Bahamas, 7.19 Bahamas, 7.18 Barbados, 8.22 Bermuda, 9.21 – 9.22 British Virgin Islands, 10.18 Cayman Islands, 11.21 – 11.22 Cyprus, 12.28 Gibraltar, 13.23 Hong Kong, 14.14 Isle of Man, 15.18 Jamaica, 16.24 Liberia, 17.22 Malta, 18.20 Marshall Islands, 19.23 Norway, 20.16 Panama, 21.26 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.22 United Kingdom, 24.22 – 24.23 Vanuatu, 25.19 procedure for Bahamas, 7.15 Barbados, 8.18 Bermuda, 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.17 Cayman Islands, 11.17 Cyprus, 12.25 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Isle of Man, 15.25 Jamaica, 16.22 Liberia, 17.19 Malta, 18.14 Marshall Islands, 19.21 Norway, 20.15 Panama, 21.23 Singapore, 22.21 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.20 state sovereignty, 3.1 – 3.7 United Kingdom, 24.20 Vanuatu, 25.17 provisional registration Bahamas, 7.15 Barbados, 8.18 – 8.20 Bermuda, 9.18 – 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.22 Cayman Islands, 11.21 Cyprus, 12.25 – 12.26 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Isle of Man, 15.17 Jamaica, 16.22 Liberia, 17.20 Malta, 18.15 Marshall Islands, 19.21 Marshall Islands, 19.21 Panama, 21.23 – 21.24 Singapore, 22.22 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.20 United Kingdom, 24.20 Vanuatu, 25.17 provisional registration, extension of Bahamas, 7.16 Barbados, 8.21 Bermuda, 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.23 Cayman Islands, 11.22 Cyprus, 12.27 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Jamaica, 16.23 Liberia, 17.21 Malta, 18.17 . 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.22 Panama, 21.25 Singapore, 22.23 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.21 United Kingdom, 24.21 Vanuatu, 25.18 provisional registration, validity of Bahamas, 7.16 Barbados, 8.21 Bermuda, 9.20 British Virgin Islands, 10.23 Cayman Islands, 11.22 Cyprus, 12.27 Gibraltar, 13.22 Hong Kong, 14.13 Jamaica, 16.23 Liberia, 17.21 Malta, 18.16 . 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.22 Panama, 21.25 Singapore, 22.23 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.21 United Kingdom, 24.21 Vanuatu, 25.18 radio licence Malta, 18.21 Marshall Islands, 19.21 Page 528 register, administration of, 1.7 – 1.19 Bahamas, 7.2 Barbados, 8.2 Bermuda, 9.2 British Virgin Islands, 10.2 Cayman Islands, 11.2 Cyprus, 12.2 Gibraltar, 13.2 Hong Kong, 14.2 Isle of Man, 15.2 Jamaica, 16.2 Liberia, 17.2 Malta, 18.2 Marshall Islands, 19.2 Norway, 20.2 Panama, 21.2 Singapore, 22.2 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.2 United Kingdom, 24.2 Vanuatu, 25.2 security interests, 1.38 Bahamas, 7.20 Barbados, 8.23 Bermuda, 9.25 British Virgin Islands, 10.25 – 10.28 Cayman Islands, 11.24 – 11.27 Cyprus, 12.29 Gibraltar, 13.24 – 13.25 Hong Kong, 14.15 – 14.16 Isle of Man, 15.19 – 15.20 Jamaica, 16.25 Liberia, 17.23 – 17.24 Malta, 18.22 Marshall Islands, 19.24 Norway, 20.18 Panama, 21.27 Singapore, 22.25 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.23 United Kingdom, 24.27 – 24.29 Vanuatu, 25.20 ships under construction British Virgin Islands, 10.24 Cayman Islands, 11.23 short-term registration Panama, 21.14 survey, 2.12 – 2.15 Bahamas, 7.21 Barbados, 8.24 Bermuda, 9.24 British Virgin Islands, 10.19 – 10.20 . 10.29 Cayman Islands, 11.18 . 11.28 Cyprus, 12.30 Gibraltar, 13.26 Hong Kong, 14.19 Isle of Man, 15.21 Jamaica, 16.26 Liberia, 17.25 Malta, 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.25 Norway, 20.15 Panama, 21.28 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.24 United Kingdom, 24.30 Vanuatu, 25.21 yachts Bahamas, 7.23 Barbados, 8.26 Bermuda, 9.27 British Virgin Islands, 10.31 – 10.33 Cayman Islands, 11.30 – 11.34 Gibraltar, 13.28 Isle of Man, 15.23 – 15.24 Marshall Islands, 19.27 – 19.29 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.26 – 23.28 United Kingdom, 24.32 – 24.34 renvoi, 5.26 returns. See company formation, returns Roman law, 1.9 safe manning documents. See manning, requirements of safety competency certificates Bahamas, 7.10 Barbados, 8.13 . 8.14 Bermuda, 9.16 British Virgin Islands, 10.12 Cayman Islands, 11.12 Cyprus, 12.20 Gibraltar, 13.17 Hong Kong, 14.10 Isle of Man, 15.12 Jamaica, 16.16 Liberia, 17.14 Malta, 18.10 Marshall Islands, 19.16 Norway, 20.10 Panama, 21.17 Singapore, 22.16 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.15 United Kingdom, 24.14 Vanuatu, 25.12 international registers, 4.21 – 4.24 safe manning documents Bahamas, 7.12 Barbados, 8.16 Bermuda, 9.18 British Virgin Islands, 10.14 Cayman Islands, 11.14 Page 529 Cyprus, 12.22 – 12.23 Gibraltar, 13.20 Hong Kong, 14.2 Isle of Man, 15.14 Jamaica, 16.18 Liberia, 17.16 Malta, 18.12 Marshall Islands, 19.18 Norway, 20.12 Panama, 21.19 Singapore, 22.18 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.17 United Kingdom, 24.16 Vanuatu, 25.14 safety management international safety management code, 2.29 – 2.33 survey, 2.12 – 2.15 Bahamas, 7.21 Barbados, 8.24 Bermuda, 9.24 British Virgin Islands, 10.19 – 10.20 . 10.29 Cayman Islands, 11.18 . 11.28 Cyprus, 12.30 Gibraltar, 13.26 Hong Kong, 14.19 Isle of Man, 15.21 Jamaica, 16.26 Liberia, 17.25 Malta, 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.25 Norway, 20.15 Panama, 21.28 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.24 United Kingdom, 24.30 Vanuatu, 25.21 sanctions, 2.6 , 2.7 , 3.14 , 4.13 , 6.17 British Virgin Islands, 10.10 Cayman Islands, 11.10 Isle of Man, 15.10 United Kingdom, 24.12 second registers international registers, 4.37 – 4.46 security interests registration of, 1.38 Bahamas, 7.20 Barbados, 8.23 Bermuda, 9.25 British Virgin Islands, 10.25 – 10.28 Cayman Islands, 11.24 – 11.27 Cyprus, 12.29 Gibraltar, 13.24 – 13.25 Hong Kong, 14.15 – 14.16 Isle of Man, 15.19 – 15.20 Jamaica, 16.25 Liberia, 17.23 – 17.24 Marshall Islands, 19.24 Norway, 20.18 Panama, 21.27 Singapore, 22.25 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.23 United Kingdom, 24.27 – 24.29 Vanuatu, 25.20 Malta, 18.22 security, enforcement of, 6.16 seizure of stateless ships, 1.4 , 1.38 , 3.28 self-propelled vessels, 4.41 , 6.19 Hong Kong, 14.4 Liberia, 17.4 Norway, 20.4 Singapore, 22.6 , 22.8 United Kingdom, 24.19 semi-submersible rigs, 3.39 , 3.41 ship security officer appointment of, 2.35 shipowners. See Ownership ships under construction registration of British Virgin Islands, 10.24 Cayman Islands, 11.23 short-term registration Panama, 21.14 Singapore bareboat charter registration, 22.12 foreign charter, 22.13 classification societies, 22.19 company formation, 22.7 accounts, 22.11 company officers, 22.8 – 22.10 returns, 22.11 crew certification, 22.16 competency certificates, 22.16 nationality of crew, 22.17 deregistration procedure for, 22.26 eligibility for registration age limit, 22.5 vessel type, 22.4 fees, 22.26 geography of, 22.1 manning requirements, 22.15 safe manning documents, 22.18 mortgages registration of, 22.25 ownership requirements of, 22.6 permanent registration, 22.24 forms, 22.24 provisional registration, 22.22 Page 530 provisional registration extension of, 22.23 validity of, 22.23 register, administration of, 22.2 registration bareboat charter, 22.12 – 22.13 deregistration, 22.26 eligibility for, 22.4 – 22.5 mortgages, 22.25 permanent registration, 22.24 permanent registration, forms, 22.24 procedure for, 22.21 provisional registration, 22.22 provisional, extension of, 22.23 provisional, validity of, 22.23 register, administration of, 22.2 security interests, 22.25 survey, 22.24 security interests registration of, 22.25 self-propelled vessels, 22.6 , 22.8 source of law, 22.3 survey requirement of, 22.24 taxation, 22.20 tonnage tax, 22.13 , 22.22 trading limits, 22.14 size of vessel Bermuda, 9.4 British Virgin Islands, 10.4 Cayman Islands, 11.4 Cyprus, 12.4 Gibraltar, 13.4 Hong Kong, 14.4 Isle of Man, 15.4 Jamaica, 16.3 Liberia, 17.4 Malta, 18.4 Marshall Islands, 19.4 Norway, 20.4 Panama, 21.4 Singapore, 22.4 small ships, 3.46 , 6.19 , 6.32 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.4 United Kingdom, 24.4 Vanuatu, 25.4 small ships size of vessel, 3.46 , 6.19 , 6.32 source of law Bahamas, 7.3 Barbados, 8.3 Bermuda, 9.3 British Virgin Islands, 10.3 Cayman Islands, 11.3 Cyprus, 12.3 Gibraltar, 13.3 Hong Kong, 14.2 . 14.3 Isle of Man, 15.3 Jamaica, 16.2 Liberia, 17.3 Malta, 18.3 Marshall Islands, 19.3 Norway, 20.3 Panama, 21.3 Singapore, 22.3 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.3 United Kingdom, 24.3 Vanuatu, 25.3 St Vincent and the Grenadines bareboat charter registration, 23.11 foreign charter, 23.12 classification societies, 23.18 company formation, 23.7 company officers, 23.9 – 23.10 registered office, 23.8 crew certification, 23.15 competency certificates, 23.15 nationality of crew, 23.16 deregistration procedure for, 23.25 eligibility for registration age limit, 23.5 vessel type, 23.4 fees, 23.11 , 23.20 , 23.22 , 23.23 , 23.25 fishing vessels, 23.4 geography of, 23.1 manning requirements, 23.14 safe manning documents, 23.17 mortgages registration of, 23.23 ownership requirements of, 23.6 permanent registration, 23.22 forms, 23.22 provisional registration, 23.20 extension of, 23.21 validity of, 23.21 register, administration of, 23.2 registration bareboat charter, 23.11 – 23.12 deregistration, 23.25 eligibility for, 23.4 – 23.5 mortgages, 23.23 permanent registration, 23.22 permanent registration, forms, 23.22 procedure for, 23.20 provisional registration, 23.20 provisional, extension of, 23.21 Page 531 provisional, validity of, 23.21 register, administration of, 23.2 security interests, 23.23 survey, 23.24 yachts, 23.26 – 23.28 security interests registration of, 23.23 source of law, 23.3 survey requirement of, 23.24 taxation, 23.19 trading limits, 23.13 yachts registration of, 23.26 – 23.28 state sovereignty, 3.2 subsidies, 4.6 , 4.38 , 4.39 , 5.10 survey port state control, 2.16 – 2.28 requirement of, 2.12 – 2.15 Bahamas, 7.21 Barbados, 8.24 Bermuda, 9.24 British Virgin Islands, 10.19 – 10.20 . 10.29 Cayman Islands, 11.18 . 11.28 Cyprus, 12.30 Gibraltar, 13.26 Hong Kong, 14.19 Isle of Man, 15.21 Jamaica, 16.26 Liberia, 17.25 Malta, 18.19 Marshall Islands, 19.25 Norway, 20.15 Panama, 21.28 Singapore, 22.24 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.24 Vanuatu, 25.21 United Kingdom, 24.30 taxation double tax treaties Marshall Islands, 19.20 Panama, 21.22 Hong Kong, 14.12 Isle of Man, 15.16 Jamaica, 16.20 – 16.21 Liberia, 17.18 Marshall Islands, 19.20 Norway, 20.14 Panama, 21.21 Singapore, 22.20 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.19 tonnage tax, 4.44 , 6.9 – 6.11 , 6.25 Cyprus, 12.3 Liberia, 17.18 , 17.20 Marshall Islands, 19.21 Norway, 20.14 Singapore, 22.13 , 22.22 United Kingdom, 24.18 , 24.19 United Kingdom, 24.18 – 24.19 Vanuatu, 25.16 terrorism, 2.34 , 2.36 tonnage tax, 4.44 , 6.9 – 6.11 , 6.25 Cyprus, 12.3 Liberia, 17.18 , 17.20 Marshall Islands, 19.21 Norway, 20.14 Singapore, 22.13 , 22.22 United Kingdom, 24.18 , 24.19 trading limits Bahamas, 7.8 Barbados, 8.12 Bermuda, 9.15 British Virgin Islands, 10.10 Cayman Islands, 11.10 Cyprus, 12.18 Gibraltar, 13.16 Hong Kong, 14.9 Isle of Man, 15.10 Jamaica, 16.14 Liberia, 17.12 Malta, 18.9 Marshall Islands, 19.14 Norway, 20.8 Panama, 21.15 Singapore, 22.14 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.13 United Kingdom, 24.12 Vanuatu, 25.10 training International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping, 2.37 – 2.39 transfers, 4.17 , 5.16 , 5.27 transparency international registers, 4.25 – 4.29 United Kingdom bareboat charter registration, 24.9 – 24.10 foreign charter, 24.11 classification societies, 24.17 company formation, 24.7 non-resident status, 24.8 crew certification, 24.14 competency certificates, 24.14 nationality of crew, 24.15 deregistration procedure for, 24.31 Page 532 eligibility for registration age limit, 24.5 vessel type, 24.4 fishing vessels, 24.4 , 24.6 , 24.15 , 24.19 , 24.22 , 24.24 , 24.30 geography of, 24.1 manning requirements, 24.13 safe manning documents, 24.16 mortgages registration of, 24.27 – 24.29 ownership requirements of, 24.6 permanent registration, 24.22 – 24.26 forms, 24.22 – 24.23 pleasure craft, 24.19 , 24.30 provisional registration, 24.20 extension of, 24.21 validity of, 24.21 register, administration of, 24.2 registration bareboat charter, 24.11 – 24.12 deregistration, 24.31 eligibility for, 24.4 – 24.5 mortgages, 24.27 – 24.29 permanent registration, 24.22 – 24.26 permanent registration, forms, 24.22 – 24.23 procedure for, 24.20 provisional registration, 24.20 provisional, extension of, 24.21 provisional, validity of, 24.21 register, administration of, 24.2 security interests, 24.27 – 24.29 survey, 24.30 yachts, 24.32 – 24.34 sanctions, 24.12 security interests registration of, 24.27 – 24.29 self-propelled vessels, 24.19 source of law, 24.3 survey requirement of, 24.30 taxation, 24.18 – 24.19 tonnage tax, 24.18 , 24.19 trading limits, 24.12 yachts registration of, 24.32 – 24.34 validity of provisional registration. See provisional registration, validity of Vanuatu bareboat charter registration, 25.8 foreign charter, 25.9 classification societies, 25.15 company formation, 25.7 non-resident status, 25.7 crew certification, 25.12 competency certificates, 25.12 nationality of crew, 25.13 deregistration procedure for, 25.22 eligibility for registration age limit, 25.5 vessel type, 25.4 fees, 25.2 , 25.8 , 25.17 , 25.19 geography of, 25.1 manning requirements, 25.11 safe manning documents, 25.14 mortgages registration of, 25.20 ownership requirements of, 25.6 permanent registration, 25.19 forms, 25.19 provisional registration, 25.17 extension of, 25.18 validity of, 25.18 register, administration of, 25.2 registration bareboat charter, 25.8 – 25.9 deregistration, 25.22 eligibility for, 25.4 – 25.5 mortgages, 25.20 permanent registration, 25.19 permanent registration, forms, 25.19 procedure for, 25.17 provisional registration, 25.17 provisional, extension of, 25.18 provisional, validity of, 25.18 register, administration of, 25.2 security interests, 25.20 survey, 25.21 security interests registration of, 25.20 source of law, 25.3 survey requirement of, 25.21 taxation, 25.16 trading limits, 25.10 vessel age of vessel eligibility for registration, 7.5 , 8.6 , 9.5 , 10.5 , 11.5 , 12.5 – 12.14 , 13.5 , 14.5 , 15.5 , 16.4 , 17.5 , 18.5 , 19.5 , 20.5 , 21.5 , 22.5 , 23.5 , 24.5 , 25.5 eligibility for registration Bahamas, 7.4 Barbados, 8.4 . 8.5 Bermuda, 9.4 British Virgin Islands, 10.4 Cayman Islands, 11.4 Page 533 Cyprus, 12.4 Gibraltar, 13.4 Hong Kong, 14.4 Isle of Man, 15.4 Jamaica, 16.3 Liberia, 17.4 Malta, 18.4 Marshall Islands, 19.4 Norway, 20.4 Panama, 21.4 Singapore, 22.4 United Kingdom, 24.4 Vanuatu, 25.4 nationality of, 1.3 , 1.4 , 1.12 – 1.19 flag, 1.25 – 1.27 protection of, 1.4 registration of, 1.4 – 1.19 watchkeeping International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping 1978, 2.37 – 2.39 yachts effect of non-registration, 1.5 registration of Bahamas, 7.23 Barbados, 8.26 Bermuda, 9.27 British Virgin Islands, 10.31 – 10.33 Cayman Islands, 11.30 – 11.34 effect of non-registration, 1.5 Gibraltar, 13.28 Marshall Islands, 19.27 – 19.29 St Vincent and the Grenadines, 23.26 – 23.28 United Kingdom, 24.32 – 24.34

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