Rotterdam Rules: A Practical Annotation
Transport Documents and Electronic Transport Records
Article 35. Issuance of the transport document or the electronic transport record
Article 35 gives the shipper the right to obtain from the carrier a transport document or an electronic transport record.1 Not unlike Article III rule 3 of the Hague-Visby Rules, title to obtain the transport document is given to the shipper, whether or not it is an original party to the contract of carriage.2 However, there are a number of significant differences between the current legal regime and the one created by the Rotterdam Rules, which will have an impact on the law and practice of international sales on shipment terms.