We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. By continuing to use the website, you consent to our use of cookies. Close

INDEX

International Maritime Conventions Volume I: The Carriage of Goods and Passengers by Sea

INDEX

INDEX

  • abordage” xiv, 263
  • accidents of the sea 2930, 33
  • acte de Dieu33; see also act of God
  • act of God 33, 178
  • act of public enemies 34
  • act of war 334, 178, 264, 386, 408; see also war
  • actual carrier 76, 91, 321, 325; servants or agents of 856
  • adminstration28; see also management
  • advance payment 401, 4045
  • adverse weather conditions 301
  • agents of the carrier: Athens Convention 2745; Hague–Visby Rules 467, 64; Hamburg Rules 823, 85, 878; Rotterdam Rules 13940
  • Andrea Doria 268
  • arbitration 91, 95, 96, 97, 142, 2423, 331, 361; and non-liner transportation 244, 362; and volume contracts 243; Hamburg Rules 947, 99, 331; Rotterdam Rules 130, 2414, 3613
  • Arbitration Act 1996 95
  • armed conflict 1789
  • armer22
  • arrest: Hague–Visby Rules 345; of princes, rulers or people 345, 179180; of ships xvi, 96; Rotterdam Rules 17980, 2401, 360
  • Arrest Convention 1952 93, 118, 261, 282
  • Arrest Convention 1999 xv, 934, 118, 261, 282
  • “arrêt” 35; see also arrest
  • assistance et sauvetage” xiv; see also salvage
  • Association for the Reform and Codification of the Law of Nations 49
  • Athens Convention relating to Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea 1974 xv, 62, 63, 64, 71, 99, 113, 25993, 377431; and LLMC convention 290; application 2601, 386, 408; burden of proof 259, 263, 2657, 275, 2801, 286; compulsory insurance 27580, 3879, 41012, 419; declaration of non-application 261, 394; final clauses 3948; Institute Cyber Attack Exclusion Clause 423; Institute Radioactive Contamination, Chemical, Biological, Bio-chemical and Electromagnetic Exclusion Clause 423; invalidity of contractual provisions 2856, 3934, 416; jurisdiction 2814, 393; liability of the carrier 3628, 3867, 4089; limits of liability 261, 26874, 390, 391, 392, 41213; mandatory character 275; notice of loss or damage to luggage 2801, 415; period of application 262; period of responsibility 262; Protocol of 2002 276, 286, 2913; recognition and enforcement of judgments 2845, 393; timebar for actions 281, 3923, 415; travaux préparatoires 279; see also EU Regulation (EC) No 392/2009; IMO Reservation and Guidelines for Implementation of the Athens Convention
  • Atkin, Lord 44n164
  • Australian Sea Carriage of Goods Act 1904 36, 42, 52
  • bailment 33, 82, 90, 165
  • Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO) 119
  • bâtiment13; see also ship
  • Beare, Stuart 102, 103
  • Beaufort Scale 301
  • Bergen Sisar 163
  • bill of lading: combined transport 119; contents 79; evidentiary effect 7980; Hague–Visby Rules 512, 1416, 456, 534; Hamburg Rules 7880, 90, 94, 98, 3212, 3268; marine 138; on-board 152; received for shipment 10, 14, 53, 78, 149, 152, 154; reservations 7980; Rotterdam Rules 118, 119, 138, 1445, 149, 152, 154, 156, 213n337, 214, 215, 220n346, 221; shipped 14, 78, 302, 316, 3278; transfer of 118
  • Bills of Landing Convention xiv
  • Bingham, Lord 10
  • “blind eye knowledge” doctrine 678
  • Blue Cards 4256
  • “breach” 199
  • British Federation of Traders’ Association 42, 43
  • British Maritime Law Association 19, 46n172
  • Brussels Convention 1924 xvii, 88n24, 99, 119, 174, 244
  • Budapest Convention on the Contract for the Carriage of Goods by Inland Waterway (CMNI) 2000 1268, 130, 138, 169
  • Bunker Oil Convention 2001 xvi, 264
  • burden of proof: Athens Convention 2657; Hague–Visby Rules 267, 32, 42, 62, 6970; Hamburg Rules 823, 90; phases of 1737; Rotterdam Rules 125, 126, 1727, 199, 202
  • fair opportunity doctrine 54
  • fait de prince35
  • fait et faute29
  • fait ou faute29
  • fragile goods 40
  • fault 66, 2656: as basis of liability 26, 27, 29, 814, 2657; contributory 267, 390, 412; of the carrier 22, 29, 412, 66, 181, 303, 317
  • faute inexcusable66
  • faute intentionnelle280
  • faute ou negligence49, 265; see also fault; neglect
  • faute personnelle66; see also fault; privity
  • ferry traffic 132, 137
  • FIO(S) clauses 1678, 202
  • fire 29, 823, 176, 181, 2634
  • f.o.b. seller 141, 147, 202
  • fonctions274
  • force majeure32, 33
  • fortune de mer30; see also perils of the sea
  • France 65, 144
  • freedom of contract 1301
  • freight 338
  • freight ad valorem 61
  • “freight prepaid” clause 1612, 351
  • freight unit 56
  • freinte de route39
  • Fund Convention 1971 xv
  • Hague Conference 1921 15, 29, 30, 33, 34, 369, 43, 52, 55, 70
  • Hague Rules xv, 72, 2445, 294306; acts of omission 36; bill of lading 6; contract of carriage 9; deviation to save life or property 43, 44; implementation 75; language 45; liability of the carrier 45, 46; limits of liability 53, 55, 61, 229; notice of loss or damage 689; riots and civil commotions 38; scope of application 119; seizure under legal process 35; States Parties 4, 99100; strikes or lockouts 37; see also International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lading 1924 (Hague–Visby Rules)
  • Hague–Visby Rules see International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lading 1924
  • Hamburg Rules see United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea 1978
  • Harter Act 17, 18, 23, 30, 34, 39, 42, 52
  • Hill, Sir Norman 16, 17, 20n73, 34, 367, 41
  • holder 337
  • hostile act 179
  • hostilities 1789
  • hull insurance 30
  • hundredweight 55
  • ILA Maritime Law Committee 52
  • IMCO xiv, xvn3
  • IMDG Code 50, 201, 202
  • Immunity Convention 1926 xvi, 13n43
  • IMO 18, 2734, 284
  • IMO Reservation and Guidelines 2645, 269, 276, 277, 2869, 2912, 4202
  • inadequacy 182; of marks 40
  • independent contractors 19, 467, 878, 139, 140n115, 186, 2745
  • inevitable accidents 33
  • inexactitudes49; see also innacuracies
  • inherent defects 39
  • injury 2626, 269, 277, 287, 390, 399, 412, 419, 4267
  • inland waterways 122, 125, 128, 134, 138
  • inaccuracies 45, 49, 79
  • insufficiency: of marking 40, 182; of packing 3940, 182
  • insuffisance182; see also insufficiency
  • insurance 27580, 3879, 41012, 419; action against insurer 27980; amount of security 276; certificates 2789, 419, 4257; IMO Reservation and Guidelines 2868; nature of security 276, 278; obligation to provide 277; ships owned by State Parties 280
  • Intergovernmental Organization for International Carriage by Rail (OTIF) 138
  • International Association of Ports and Harbours (IAPH) 102
  • international carriage 292, 386, 408
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) 97, 102, 119
  • International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) 102
  • International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lading 1924 (Hague–Visby Rules) 373, 294320; bill of lading 512, 1416, 456, 534; contract of carriage 814; implementation 73; liability of the carrier 1748, 62; liability of the shipper 4951; limits of liability 5268; mandatory nature 723; notice of loss or damage 6870; origin 34; period of application 1314; scope of application 514; SDR Protocol 1979 4, 52, 5960, 272, 31214; States Parties 4; time for suit 712; transport documents 1416; Visby Protocol 1968 xvi, 5, 6, 16, 52, 55, 61, 71, 268, 30711
  • international conventions xvi–xvii
  • International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA) 102
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF) 5960, 233
  • International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI) 102
  • ISM Code 18, 23, 26
  • Italian Civil Code 111n40
  • Italian Code of Navigation xvii, 54, 146
  • Italy 16, 46n170, 54, 144
  • Joint Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Maritime Liens and Mortgages and Related Subjects (JIGE) xvn4
  • judicial proceedings 86, 91, 92, 129, 235, 239, 242, 271, 330, 359, 360
  • jurisdiction: actions against maritime performing parties 23940, 360; actions against the carrier 2357; Athens Convention 2814, 393; choice of court agreements 2379, 360; consolidation of actions 23940, 361; Hamburg Rules 924, 99, 330; provisional and protective measures 2401, 360; recognition and enforcement 241, 361; removal of actions 240, 361; Rotterdam Rules 129, 23541, 35961
  • Keith of Avonholm, Lord 20
  • machinery 56
  • Macmillan, Lord xvii
  • management 28, 65
  • Mansfield, Lord 33, 38
  • marchandises69, 112, 294; see also goods
  • marine bill of lading 138
  • Marine Insurance Act 1906 44
  • marine pollutants 50; see also pollution
  • Marion 65
  • Maritime Arbitration Commission of Beijing 96
  • Maritime Arbitration Commission of the Moscow Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96
  • maritime lien 26
  • maritime performing parties 1868, 337, 3434; actions against 23940, 360
  • marks 40
  • Maxine Footwear case 20
  • mercancias112; see also goods
  • Merchant Shipping Act 1894 64
  • MLM Convention 1926 xvi, 26
  • MLM Convention 1993 xv
  • mobility equipment 402, 404
  • Model Law on Acts of Piracy and Maritime Violence 179
  • Model Law on Electronic Commerce 142
  • Model Law on Electronic Signatures 142
  • monetary units 589
  • Montreal Convention 1999 47, 125, 127, 130, 131, 132, 134, 1356, 170, 206
  • multimodal transport 11920
  • Muncaster Castle 19, 20
  • National and International Arbitration Chamber in Milano 97
  • National Association for the Promotion of Social Science xiv
  • national laws 1234
  • natural accidents 33; see also acts of God
  • nature spéciale39
  • navire13, 294; see also ship
  • navires de mer13
  • neglect 2656
  • neminem laedere202
  • non-liner transportation 11718, 337; arbitration agreement 244, 362
  • nuclear damage 261, 365, 394, 416
  • nuclear incidents 99
  • obligations of the carrier: Hague-Visby Rules 1725, 72; Rotterdam Rules 123, 128, 16471, 181, 203, 211, 247, 3412; see also carrier; liability of the carrier
  • obligations of the shipper 193205, 3468; carriage and delivery 164, 1935, 346; cooperation with the carrier 203, 346; persons sharing 1401; providing information, instruction and documents 1958, 346
  • Ocean Liner Service Agreements (OLSAs) 2467, 251
  • Ocean Shipping Reform Act 1998 246
  • overriding obligation 202
  • package 557, 61; see also packing
  • packing: absence of 40; insufficiency 3940; see also package
  • pallets 58, 77, 160
  • Paris Convention 1960 99, 332
  • particulars 1478, 198
  • passengers 385, 405, 407
  • Passengers’ Luggage Convention, 1967 282
  • Penal Jurisdiction Convention 1952 xvi, 263
  • Pennsylvania 65
  • performing carrier 268, 385, 387, 407, 409
  • performing parties 13940, 186, 337; see also maritime performing parties
  • perils of the sea: and acts of God 33; liability of the carrier 2932, 176; unavoidability 312; unforeseeability 312
  • permanent residence 2823
  • Phillimore, Lord 34, 41, 70
  • Phillips, Lord 63, 64
  • piracy 34, 113, 1789
  • place of business 2823
  • place of destination 113
  • poids brut57
  • Poincaré francs 59, 60, 259, 2689
  • pollution xvi, 2756; see also marine pollutants
  • port-to-port contract 24, 110, 1489, 1512, 154, 156, 1667, 197, 243
  • pound sterling 589
  • practice of the trade 1457
  • pratique du commerce146; see also practice of the trade
  • préposé46, 88, 274; see also agents of the carrier; servants of the carrier
  • preposés et mandataires88, 275; see also independent contractors
  • prescription 2278
  • prima facie evidence 16, 23, 25, 54, 6970, 78, 80, 90, 156, 202
  • princes 345
  • principal établissement282, 283; see also principal place of business
  • principal place of business 99, 129, 130, 236, 2823
  • privity 22, 29, 412, 66, 181, 303, 317
  • prominent information 253
  • proper shipping name (PSN) 201
  • “properly” 22, 23, 24
  • Protocol to Amend the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lading (Visby Rules) 30711
  • public authorities 17980
  • qualification 156
  • quality 39
  • quarantine restrictions 36, 17980
  • railway carriage 7, 123, 134, 1378
  • reasonability 159, 197; of deviation to save life or property 43, 45; of goods inspection 1501; see also reasonableness
  • reasonableness 197, 210; see also reasonability
  • réception des marchandises69
  • reckless action 67
  • recklessness 64, 67
  • Regional Economic Integration Organizations 396
  • Report of the Imperial Shipping Committee 52
  • reservation 156, 158
  • residence habituelle 282; see also permanent residence
  • restraint: of labour 367, 1801; of princes, rulers or people 345
  • revolution 33
  • right of control 129, 2057, 337; exercise of 209; period of existence of 2078; transfer of 2089; see also controlling party
  • riots 378, 1789
  • Rix, LJ 179
  • road carriage 124, 134, 1367
  • road haulier 124
  • Rotterdam Rules see United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea 2008
  • rulers 345, 17980
  • saisie éxécution35
  • saisie judiciaire35; see also seizure under legal process
  • salvage xiv, 389, 42, 182
  • Salvage Convention 1910 xv
  • Salvage Convention 1989 xv, 182
  • saving life 389, 83
  • saving property 389, 83, 182
  • Scott, Sir Leslie 11, 16n54, 27, 69
  • SDR Protocol 1979 4, 52, 5960, 272, 31214
  • SDR see Special Drawing Right
  • seawater damage 19
  • sea waybill 9, 75, 144
  • seaworthiness 15, 17, 1822, 32
  • seizure under legal process 356, 17980
  • servants of the carrier: Athens Convention 2745; Hague–Visby Rulers 467, 64; Hamburg Rules 823, 85, 878; Rotterdam Rules 13940
  • ship 13, 301, 315, 338, 385, 407; action against 26; defect in 264; equipment 223; Hague–Visby Rules 13, 1723, 32; inspections and surveys 1920; manning 223; obligations relating to 1723; owned by States Parties 280; parts carrying goods 23; size of 32; supply of 223; see also seaworthiness
  • shipper 321, 337; act of omission by 181; documentary 138, 1401, 1468, 181, 2023, 337; guarantees by 801, 3289; information to be furnished by 1489; persons performing services for 142; persons sharing obligations of 1401; see also liability of the shipper; obligations of the shipper
  • Shipping Act 1984 246
  • shipping incident 2635
  • shipwreck 263
  • siège de son activité283; see also place of business
  • Singapore Conference 103
  • slot charters 116, 118
  • Society of Maritime Arbitrators of New York 96
  • SOLAS 18, 19
  • Sous-Commission 9n22, 10n32, 11, 12n38, 15n48, 17n60, 27n93, 29, 69
  • space charters 116, 118
  • Special Drawing Right (SDR) 5960, 86, 124, 125, 229, 233, 262, 263, 264, 265, 26873, 277, 279, 287, 289, 2901
  • STCW Convention 23
  • Steyn, Lord 10
  • Stockholm Conference 7, 19, 53, 56, 59, 56
  • stoppages of labour 367, 1801
  • strikes 367, 1801
  • SUA Convention 1988 179
  • “supplement” 137
  • Sweden 196, 197, 230
  • tariffs 54
  • téméraire 67”; see also reckless action
  • témérairement66
  • terrorism 34, 1789, 286
  • through carriage 86, 326
  • time for suit 712, 912, 127, 2278, 3589
  • Tokyo Conference 1969 120
  • tonnage agreements 75
  • Torrey Canyon xiv
  • tramp trade 116, 244n398
  • transport de marchandises294; see also “carriage of goods”
  • transport documents 1445; and delivery of the goods 21423; contents 1516, 14762; contract particulars 1567, 347, 348, 3501; electronic equivalent 103; evidentiary effect 16; “freight prepaid” clause 1612, 351; Hague–Visby Rules 1416; Hamburg Rules 7881; information to be furnished by the shipper 1489; information to be supplied by the carrier 14952; issuance of 1415, 1457, 348; negotiable 147, 152, 1623, 215, 21923, 337, 3524; non-negotiable 143, 147, 157, 184, 208, 209, 21516, 21819, 337, 352; principle of equivalence with electronic communications 1423; Rotterdam Rules 128, 14262, 208, 21423, 3269, 337, 34851; types 14, 789; see also electronic transport records
  • transporteur294; see also carrier
  • travaux préparatoires xvii; Athens Convention 279; Rotterdam Rules 115, 116, 122, 234, 237, 2459; Hague–Visby Rules 21, 37, 41, 69
  • troubles civils38; see also civil commotions
  • UCP 600 78, 162
  • unavoidability 312
  • UNCITRAL xv, 24n86, 1024, 123, 131, 142, 152, 170, 172, 177, 245, 36973
  • UN Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods 1980 xv, 120
  • UN Convention on the Liability of Operators of Transport Terminals in the International Trade 1991 xv, 123
  • unforeseeability 312
  • UNIDROIT 120
  • unification of maritime law xiv–xvi, 74, 104, 106
  • unit 567, 61
  • unit of account 59, 2689, 312, 3324, 358, 3901, 413
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) xv, 11920
  • United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea 2008 (Rotterdam Rules) xv, 336373; actions against the carrier 2357, 35960; and other international instruments 1256, 131, 365; arbitration 130, 2414, 3613; article 26 12331; article 82 1318; as “maritime plus” instrument 116, 11922; burden of proof 125, 126, 1723, 199, 202; carriage preceding or subsequent to sea carriage 11938; choice of court agreements 2379, 360; consignee 138, 141, 153, 156, 207; contract of carriage 109, 11112, 1223; contracts excluded from the scope of application 24950; contractual approach 109, 11116; controlling party 138, 181, 3557; criticism 104n18; deck cargo 1835, 345; delay 18890; delivery of the goods 1289, 21327, 3514; deviation 1856, 345; documentary approach 109, 11618; documentary shipper 138, 1468, 181, 2023, 337, 347; door-to-door contracts 1204; electronic transport records 14262, 208, 338, 340, 34851; exceptions to the mandatory character 2506; form requirements 1069; freedom of contract 1301; general provisions 3368; history 1015; interpretations 1056; jurisdiction 129, 23541, 35961; liability 1267, 17293, 22934, 3425, 3578; loss or damage to the goods 125, 126, 129, 130, 1345, 137, 1901; mandatory character 24456; matters not governed by the convention 3645; notice of loss or damage 1913, 3445; obligations of the carrier 16471, 3412; obligations of the shipper 128, 193205, 3468; performing parties 13940, 186; persons performing services for the carrier 13940; persons performing services for the shipper 142; persons sharing obligations of the shipper 1401; right of control 129; rights of the controlling party 20512; scope of application 10938, 33940; time for suit 127, 2278, 3589; trade approach 11618; transfer of rights 1624, 357; transport documents 128, 14262, 3269, 337, 34851; travaux préparatoires of 115, 116, 122, 234, 237, 2459; validity of contractual terms 3634
  • United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea 1978 (Hamburg Rules) 7498, 32135; actions against servants and agents of the carrier 878; actions in tort against the carrier 867; and other conventions 98100, 332, 334; arbitration 947, 99, 331; bill of lading 7880, 90, 94, 98; claims and actions 32931; contract approach 75; contract of carriage 759, 84, 87, 93, 98; deck cargo 845, 98, 325; documentary approach 756; general provisions 3212; geographic approach 76; guarantees by the shipper 801, 3289; interpretation 74; jurisdiction 924, 99, 330; liability of the carrier 816, 3226; liability of the shipper 8890, 326; limits of liability 623, 867, 324; mandatory nature 978; notice of loss or damage 901; period of application 77; scope of application 757, 322; States Parties 4, 74; supplementary provisions 3313; through carriage 86, 326; time for suit 912; transport documents 7881
  • United States 33, 44, 57, 65, 96, 196, 197, 246
  • US Carriage of Goods Act 1936 54, 56
  • usage 1457
  • York-Antwerp Rules 183

The rest of this document is only available to i-law.com online subscribers.

If you are already a subscriber, please enter your details below to log in.

Enter your email address to log in as a user on your corporate account.
Remember me on this computer

Not yet an i-law subscriber?

Devices

Request a trial Find out more