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INDEX

International Trade and Carriage of Goods


Page 407

INDEX

  • Belgium
    • consignees’ rights 98
  • Bill of lading
    • delivery of cargo without surrender 127130
    • evidence, as 127128
    • nature of 127
    • slow steaming clauses, and 2426
  • BIMCO Electronic Bills of Lading clause
    • paperless trade, and 148152
  • BIMCO slow streaming and virtual arrival clauses 398400
  • BPO
    • paperless trade, and 153157
  • Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992
  • Charterparty clauses
    • letters of indemnity, and 132135
  • Consignees’ rights in European legal system 98113
    • bill of lading in hands of shipper 101102
    • formal test: proper holder 100105
    • holder 99
    • holder entitled to delivery 99109
    • improper use of bill of lading 102104
    • material test: lawful holder 105108
    • presentation by agent 104105
    • real party in interest 111113
    • right to claim damages 108113
  • Consignees’ rights under Rotterdam Rules 8197
    • background 8284
    • becoming the controlling party 9192
    • consignee, meaning 8182
    • consignee’s rights as controlling party 9294
    • Hague Rules, and 8283
    • Hague-Visby Rules, and 83
    • Hamburg Rules, and 83
    • importance of recognizing consignee’s rights as controlling party 9496
    • right to rely on contract particulars 8688
    • right to rely on Rotterdam Rules 8890
    • right to take delivery of goods 8586
    • rights of consignees as consignees 8490
    • rights of consignees as controlling parties 9196
    • rights of consignees as holders 9091
    • Rotterdam Rules 8384
    • UNCITRAL 95
  • Containerisation 114123
    • accuracy of documents, and 115
    • burden of customs debt 115119
    • declarations and burden of financial risk 121122
    • declarations and burden of liability 118120
    • declarations in respect of dangerous goods 118119
    • declarations on condition and quantity of goods 119120
    • discrepant declarations 114123
    • duty to fill in customs documents 115116
    • identification of debtors 117118
    • moment when customs debt incurred 116117
    • technical consequences 114
  • Declarations 234243
    • forms 241243
    • function 234243
    • function under floating policy 234236
    • function under non-fully obligatory open cover 236238
    • nature of 234243
    • timing of 238243
    • Delegated performance 5580
    • acts of delegate 7078
    • agency, and 7980
    • delegate principle 5663
    • non-delegable performance 78

    • Page 408

      overriding contractual definitions 6370
    • recent developments 5580
  • Documentary credit dilemma 197207
  • Economic sanctions 165176
    • international transactions 165176
    • use of 165
  • Floating policies
    • declarations see Declarations
    • Marine Insurance Act 1906, under 228232
    • terminology 226227
  • France
    • consignees’ rights 98
    • proper holder of bill of lading 100
  • Germany
    • consignees’ rights 98
    • proper holding of bill of lading 100
  • Hague-Visby Rules
  • ICC transit clause 250263
  • ICCURBPO
    • paperless trade, and 153156
  • Incoterms 1214
    • paperless trade, and 146148
  • Insurable interest
  • Insurance Act 2015 264276
    • cargo warranties 266269
    • contracting out 275276
    • impact on standard cargo clauses/wordings 264276
    • insuring cargoes in new era 264276
    • potential impact of sections 10 and 11 on implied voyage conditions 269275
    • sections 10 and 11, impact on common warranties in cargo policies 265269
    • text 370397
  • Islamic letter of credit 177196
    • al-wakalah 183184
    • al-musharakah 184185
    • autonomy and bank as legal buyer 191192
    • interest ban 193196
    • nature of 178180
    • principle of autonomy 186190
    • principle of strict compliance 192193
    • recognising unlawfulness in Shari’a 190191
    • Shari’a compliant transactions 180185
    • UCP 600 compliance 185196
  • Laytime and demurrage in CIF and FOB contracts 3551
    • cancellation clauses and sale contracts 4850
    • compensation regimes incorporated from charterparties 3951
    • default position 3637
    • free-standing obligation or indemnity 4145
    • interpreting incorporated provisions in sale contract 4548
    • loss of time 3637
    • readiness and presentation within delivery period 5051
    • self-contained compensation regimes 3739
    • which charter incorporated 39
    • which charter terms incorporated 3941
  • Lending on waybills 208222
    • air waybills 219220
    • claims against carrier 211212
    • CMR consignment notes 219220
    • commercial practice 208
    • consignor’s right to diverse 212214
    • lack of any requirement for surrender 214215
    • possibility of non–possessory security 220222
    • sea waybills 215219
  • Letters of credit 165176
    • autonomy 167168
    • common law doctrine of illegality 169170
    • exceptions to autonomy 168173
    • illegality under place of performance of contract 171173
    • importance of 165166
    • international uniform rules 166
    • irrevocable 166
    • Islamic see Islamic letters of credit
    • nature of 166
    • revocable 166
    • revolving 167
    • sanction clauses in 173176
    • sight credit 166
    • standby 167
    • unconfirmed 166
    • usance credit 166

  • Page 409

    Letters of indemnity 124144
    • application of Rules 140
    • beneficiary of 136137
    • commercial flexibility 126
    • components 124125
    • creditworthiness of entity issuing 135136
    • delivery without bill of lading 124144
    • discharge of cargoes without bills of lading 199200
    • extra-contractual 125126
    • fraud, and 126
    • illegality, and 126
    • impact of charterparty clauses 132135
    • importance of terms of 137138
    • international transactions 165176
    • law and jurisdiction provisions 138139
    • legal capacity of entity issuing 136
    • legal enforceability 135
    • length of time in force 139142
    • nature of 124
    • need for cargo claimants to become holders of bills after delivery 142143
    • obligation to accept, whether 131132
    • practical issues affecting effectiveness 135139
    • role in relation to delivery without surrender of bills of lading 130131
    • use of 126
  • Netherlands
    • consignees’ rights 98
  • Paperless trade 145162
    • adjudications 157162
    • options 157160
    • bills of lading, waybills and delivery orders 150
    • BPO 153157
    • BIMCO Electronic Bills of Lading clause 146152
    • contractual parties 156
    • equivalent electronic record or procedure 146147
    • filling in gaps before or after 160162
    • gap-filling process 156160
    • ICCURBPO 153156
    • Incoterms 2010 146148
    • legal implications 145162
    • significant recent developments 146156
  • Reasonable contract of carriage 314
    • alternative route to s.32(2) 89
    • authorising unreasonable contract 1012
    • buyer’s remedies 10
    • CIF 1213
    • CIP 13
    • circumstances where s.32(2) might be used 9
    • contract appropriate to grant sufficient protection 67
    • contract must give buyer protective rights against carrier 7
    • contract on usual terms 56
    • course of dealing between parties 11
    • examples of unreasonable contracts 78
    • express agreement 11
    • Incoterms 1214
    • legislative history of provision 4
    • reasonableness test 47
    • statutory framework 34
  • Rotterdam Rules
    • consignees’ rights under see Consignees’ rights under Rotterdam Rules
  • Slow steaming clauses 1534
    • benefits 16
    • bills of lading, and 2426
    • BIMCO 18
    • CIF contracts 2627
    • contractual solutions allowing for flexibility 2932
    • FOB contracts 2829
    • global financial crisis, and 15
    • international sales contracts, and 1534
    • law and practice 17
    • reasonable contract of carriage, and 1924
    • time of shipment/laycan 2629
  • UCP 600
  • UN Convention on Contracts for International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea

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