We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. By continuing to use the website, you consent to our use of cookies. Close

Index

Online Arbitration

Page 195 Index Index AAA 1.2 – 3.3 , 2.1.2 AAA–Cybersettle Strategic Alliance 4.2 advance case filing and management systems 4.2 experience 4.2 merits 4.2 professional regulation 4.2 reputation 4.2 AAA WebFile 3.2 ABA 1.2 – 3.3 accessibility 2.1.8.3 accessibility of online arbitration platforms 4.6 accountability 2.1.8.2 accreditation 2.1.8.4 advanced technologies 4.1 alternative dispute resolution popularity of 1.1.2 Amazon notice and takedown procedures 4.2 applicable law 6.2 foreign awards 6.2 instructions of parties 6.2 international arbitration 6.2 location of party 6.2 New York Convention 6.2 pre–agreement 6.2 UK Arbitration Act 1996 6.2 appointment of online arbitrators 4.3 harmonised best practice 4.3 neutrals’ ethics 4.3 personal data 4.3 specific knowledge or expertise 4.3 UNCITRAL Draft Procedural Rules 4.3 arbitral awards 1.1.2 , 1.1.3 , 1.2.3.2 , 1.2.3.4 , 2.1.8.1 , 2.1.8.6 , 3.4 , 3.8 , 4.3 , 4.7 , 5.1.1 , 6.1 , 6.2 , 6.3 , 6.4 , 7.1 , 7.2 arbitration agreements 3.6 China 5.1.2 dispute resolution clause 3.6 electronic contracts, as 5.1.1 EU Directives 5.1.2 format 3.6 generating 3.6 incorporation via electronic means 5.1.2 meaning 5.1.1 online, validity of 5.1 reasonableness and fairness test 5.1.2 recognised in writing 5.1.1 recognised methods of incorporation 5.1.2 recognition of forming 5.1.1 separability 5.1.2 submitting 3.6 technological measures of agreeing 5.1.2 UK legislation 5.1.2 unconscionableness test 5.1.2 US legislation 5.1.2 Arbitrator Intelligence 4.3 artificial intelligence 4.6 artificial intelligence technologies 4.1 authority 4.2 automated alert 6.4 , 7.2 automated clause 4.7 , 7.2 automated computing 3.1 , 4.1 , 4.6 automated decision 4.2 , 4.8 automated ethnical checking system 3.4 basic ODR 4.6 best practice 2.1 – 2.2 core principles 2.1.8 developing 2.1 growth of 2.1.7 big data 1.2.1 , 1.2.2 , 1.2.3.4 , 3.1 , 4.1 case–based reasoning 4.6 challenge of awards 6.3 errors 6.3 grounds 6.3 purpose 6.3 UNCITRAL Model Law 6.3 Chinese approach 1.2.3.4 Arbitration Law 1.2.3.4 eCourt systems 1.2.3.4 mediation 1.2.3.4 Online Arbitration Rules 1.2.3.4 choice of procedure rules 3.3 choice of service provider 3.2 CIETAC 2.1.4 , 2.1.7 CIETAC Online Arbitration Rules 3.1 , 3.2 cloud computing 3.1 , 3.2 commencement of arbitration proceedings 3.7 commercial arbitration agreements 5.3 applicable law 5.3 categories for Page 196 determination of validity 5.3 contracts of adhesion 5.3 reasonable notification 5.3 confidentiality 2.1.8.2 consent awards 6.1 consumer arbitration agreements 5.2 confirmation in durable medium 5.2.1 display on website 5.2.1 emergence of new technologies, and 5.2.1 enforceability 5.2.1 hyperlink 5.2.1 pre–dispute 5.2.1 private 5.2 reasonableness and fairness 5.2.1 UK Consumer Agreements Act 1988 5.2.1 US 5.2.1 contracts of adhesion 5.3 cooperation agreements 4.2 credibility 2.1.8.4 Cybersettle 2.1.2 dispute resolution traditional means 1.1.1 disputing parties 4.1 domain names online arbitration 1.2.1 due process 6.4 durable medium 4.4 eBay 2.1.1 efficiency 2.1.8.1 electronic evidence 3.5 , 4.4 admission 4.4 authenticity 4.4 CIETAC, and 4.4 discretion as to 4.4 durable medium 4.4 harmonisation, need for 4.4 record 4.4 reliability 4.4 UN Convention 4.4 UNCITRAL Draft Procedural Rules 4.4 electronic mediation agreement 2.1.8.6 electronic records 1.2.1 , 2.1.8.1 , 2.1.8.5 , 2.1.8.6 , 4.4 , 7.2 electronic seal 4.4 electronic signature 4.4 enforceability 2.1.8.6 enforcement of online arbitral awards 6.1 – 6.4 eQuibbly 3.2 ethics of online arbitrators 3.4 EU framework 1.2.3.2 consumers’ confidence 1.2.3.2 description of ODR platform 1.2.3.2 Directive on Electronic Commerce 1.2.3.2 encouragement of ADR 1.2.3.2 mediation 1.2.3.2 recognition of benefit of ODR 1.2.3.2 Regulation on Consumer ODR 2013 1.2.3.2 EU ODR Regulation 3.1 EU single ODR portal 3.1 European Small Claims Procedure 3.1 evidence, format of 3.5 evidentiary hearing 3.5 expansion of general ODR systems 4.1 expert determination 3.5 expert systems 4.6 expert witnesses 3.5 expertise 4.2 future legislative trends 7.1 appropriate approaches 7.1 legislative enhancement 7.1 party autonomy 7.1 place of business 7.1 subject–specific laws 7.1 general regulations further development 3.1 hearings 3.7 HKIAC 2.1.4 ICANN 2.1.3 impartiality of arbitrators 3.4 institutional arbitration rules 3.3 integrity of online arbitration platforms 4.6 intelligent/ advanced ODR 4.6 international harmonisation 1.2.3.4 international harmonised best practices 7.1 , 7.2 international procedural rules 3.3 international regulatory development 1.2.3.1 internet–related disputes unique characteristics 7.1 internet–related issues online arbitration, and 1.2.1 jurisdiction 6.2 foreign awards 6.2 international arbitration 6.2 location of party 6.2 New York Convention 6.2 UK Arbitration Act 1996 6.2 legal framework for online arbitral awards 6.1 consent awards 6.1 hard copy originals 6.1 level of reasoning 6.1 UNCITRAL Draft ODR Procedural Rules 6.1 writing requirement 6.1 legal seat of arbitration 6.2 , 6.3 , 6.4 , 7.1 , 7.2 legislative measures 1.2.3 machine learning 4.6 mediation Chinese approach 1.2.3.4 EU framework 1.2.3.2 Page 197 mediation agreements 2.1.8.6 , 3.6 , 4.7 mediation settlement agreements 2.1.8.6 Modria 2.1.6 MSODR 2.1.6 negotiation 1.1.2 , 1.2.3.1 , 1.2.3.3 , 2.1.2 , 2.1.5 , 2.1.8.6 , 3.1 , 3.2 , 4.1 , 4.2 , 4.6 New York Convention 1.2.3.4 , 2.1 notice and takedown procedures 4.2 online arbitral awards 3.8 contents 3.8 design of ODR platform 3.8 format 3.8 issuance 3.8 time limits 3.8 online arbitration digital products 1.2.1 domain names 1.2.1 internet–related issues 1.2.1 obstacles to use 1.2 suitability of types of cases 1.2.1 online arbitration rules text Appendix II Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) advent of 1.1.3 concepts of 1.1 definition 1.1.3 enforceability, principle of 2.1.7 harmonisation 1.1.3 in rem jurisdiction 1.2.1 international element 1.2.3.1 international regulatory development 1.2.3.1 legal issues 1.2.3.1 legislative development 1.1.3 legislative measures 1.2.3 recent development of services 2.1.6 technological advancement and constraints 1.2 –2 Technological Notes 1.2.3.1 technologically neutral definition 1.2.3.1 UN Working Group 1.2.3.1 underlying technical principles 1.1.3 online negotiation 1.1.3 , 1.2.3.4 , 2.1.1 , 2.1.2 , 2.1.6 , 2.1.8.4 , 3.1 , 4.2 Oregon eCourt 4.1 party-appointed experts 3.5 personal IT equipment use of 3.2 pre-agreed procedures 6.4 , 7.2 pre-dispute arbitration agreement 5.2.1 pre-dispute arbitration clause 5.1.1 , 5.2.1 , 6.4 , 7.1 , 7.2 preliminary hearing 3.7 private companies 3.2 procedures 3.1 – 3.8 process of hearing 3.7 public/ statutory small claims arbitration 5.2.2 EU 5.2.2 US 5.2.2 Rechtwijzer 2.0 2.1.5 recognition and enforcement of awards 6.4 binding, meaning 6.4 composition of tribunal 6.4 due process 6.4 grounds for refusal 6.4 incapacity of parties 6.4 limited grounds for refusal 6.4 matters beyond scope of submission to arbitration 6.4 New York Convention 6.4 validity of agreement 6.4 recognition of forming arbitration agreements via electronic communications 5.1.1 Regulation (EU) No 524/2013 text Appendix I reputation 4.2 robotic arbitrators 4.8 , 7.2 robotisation of lawyers 4.6 Russian Online Arbitration Regulation 2.1.7 seat of online arbitration 4.7 see also applicable law see also jurisdiction failure to agree on 4.6 importance of 4.7 machine intelligence, and 4.6 national law 4.6 selection of 4.7 UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules 4.6 UNCITRAL Model Law 4.6 UNCTRIAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings 4.6 security 2.1.8.5 security of online arbitration platforms 4.6 selection of online arbitrators 3.4 changing 3.4 China Arbitration Law 3.4 impartiality 3.4 multiple parties 3.4 technical issues 3.4 self–regulated rules 3.3 service-oriented computing 1.1.3 , 4.1 , 4.6 , 4.8 , 5.1.2 smart ODR systems 4.1 solutions to obstacles in online arbitration 7.2 appropriate technical measures 7.2 determination of validity of agreements and awards 7.2 interpretation of procedural rules 7.2 reliable service provider 7.2 well–drafted agreement 7.2 SquareTrade 2.1.1 strategic alliance 4.2 systemic legal development 4.1 – 4.8 systemic technological development 4.1 – 4.8 Technological Notes 1.2.3.1 time stamp 2.1.8.4 , 3.2 , 3.4 , 6.4 , 7.2 training for users 4.8 transparency 2.1.8.2 Page 198 trust 4.2 trust service 3.2 trustwork schemes 3.2 UK Bar Council guidelines 3.2 UNCITRAL Draft ODR Procedural Rules 3.1 US trend 1.2.3.3 AAA 1.2.3.3 courts providing eFiling services 1.2.3.3 self–regulation 1.2.3.3 users’ awareness 4.8 users’ protection 4.8 validity of online arbitration agreements 5.1 VeRO 4.2 WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Centre 3.2 WIPO ECAF 3.2 WIPO–UDRP 2.1.3 witnesses 4.5 attendance 4.5 testimony 4.5 Youstice 2.1.6

The rest of this document is only available to i-law.com online subscribers.

If you are already a subscriber, please enter your details below to log in.

Enter your email address to log in as a user on your corporate account.
Remember me on this computer

Not yet an i-law subscriber?

Devices

Request a trial Find out more