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Index

Marine Pollution Control


Page 335

Index

Index

  • accidental spillage: meaning 32
  • air pollution 179204;
    • bioenergy/ biofuels 203;
    • contribution of shipping to 1813;
    • EU emission trading scheme 1912;
    • EU level regulatory framework 18892;
    • glossary 1823;
    • IAPPC 193;
    • IEEC 1934;
    • IMO’s fuel consumption data 202;
    • inspections 1923;
    • key management issues streaming from EU regime 199200;
    • liquefied natural gas 202;
    • market–based approaches 201;
    • MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI 801
    • see also MARPOL Annex VI;
    • Monitoring, Reporting and Verification Regulation 1901, 199200;
    • nature of problem 180;
    • post state control 2001;
    • recent European Union developments 202;
    • regulatory and non–regulatory approaches 184;
    • regulatory framework 18392;
    • SEEMP 1949;
    • surveys 1923;
    • who is working on agenda 184
  • Amoco Cadiz 356
  • Antarctic, protection of: limitation of liability, and 3323
  • anti–fouling systems 20632;
    • AFS convention 21718;
    • best management practices 21820;
    • certification 218;
    • key terms/definitions 207;
    • nature of problem 21620;
    • surveys 218
  • AQUAPOL 239
  • Arctic: EU policy for 25
  • atmospheric pollution: offshore oil and gas industry 67
  • ballast water 20632;
    • BWM convention 213;
    • documentation 2135;
    • international regulations 20913;
    • interphase with marine environment 208;
    • key management issues 2135;
    • key terms/definitions 207;
    • MEPC. 279 (70) 2103;
    • post state control 2156;
  • Baltic Sea: sewage 1167
  • Basel Convention: wastes 13840
  • best industry practices: marine pollution from oil, and 4950
  • bio energy 203
  • biofuels 203
  • Bunker Pollution Convention 2001 3267
  • cargo record book 174
  • cargo residues: definition 131
  • carriage of chemicals by sea 15678;
    • European Union Regulation 1272/2008 1645;
    • GESAMP hazard profiles 1634;
    • glossary 1601;
    • MARPOL Annex II see MARPOL Annex II;
    • MARPOLAnnex III 1712
    • see also MARPOL Annex III;
    • selected systems of classification 1615;
    • Standard European Behaviour Classification 163;
    • UN GHS 1612
  • challenges for preparedness and response 2478
  • chemicals: nature of 156;
    • offshore oil and gas industry, and 66
  • civil liability 3056
  • classification societies 201;
    • history of 20;
    • nature of 20
  • CLC 31525
  • CLEE 1977 85
  • Clean Water Act: civil liability 968;
    • financial responsibility 989;
    • USA 959
  • climate change: contribution of shipping to 1813;
    • who is working on agenda 184
  • coastal states: role 1119;
    • UNCLOS III, and 1319
  • compensation 2967
  • coordinated framework 23459;
  • criminal law 296

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    criminal liability 30610
  • criminalisation of seafarers 28690
  • customary international law: offshore oil and gas industry 69
  • damages loss and claims 297305;
    • damage–related costs 298;
    • involvement of IOPC funds 198300;
    • P&I clubs 3001;
    • salvors, involvement of 3012
  • dangerous goods: meaning 157
  • discharge: MARPOL 73/78 definition 76
  • drill cuttings: offshore oil and gas industry, and 65
  • drilling fluid: offshore oil and gas industry, and 6465
  • dumping: definition 1301;
    • London Convention 1972 823;
    • offshore oil and gas industry, and 67
  • emission control areas 1856
  • EMSA 2389
  • energy efficiency design index 187
  • environmental regulations: current position 26;
    • future of 268
  • Erika 37
  • Espoo Convention 889
  • European Union 215;
    • agenda on marine pollution, future of 245;
    • Arctic, policy for 25;
    • CFP 22;
    • contribution of 215;
    • IMP 22;
    • Marine Directive 212;
    • maritime safety policy 223;
    • maritime transport policy 22;
    • monitoring, reporting and verification system 24;
    • private operators, and 234;
    • regulatory framework 215;
    • sewage 1178;
    • WFD 22
  • EU Directive 2005/35 as amended 30910
  • EU Directive 2009/20/EC 3134
  • European Union regulation 1272/2008 1645
  • fatigue 2856
  • flag states: role 1119;
    • UNCLOS III, and 13
  • Formal Safety Assessment: approach 4
  • Four Pillars of shipping legislation 5, 6
  • FPSO & FSU Guidelines 79
  • fuel oil tankers: protection 445
  • Fund Convention 1992 31525
  • garbage: definition 129;
    • options for shipboard handling and discharge 142;
    • wastes, and 128
  • garbage management: definition 129
  • garbage management and disposal: MARPOL 73/78 Annex V 7980
  • Garbage Management Plans 145
  • garbage record book 1467
  • Geneva Conventions 1958: offshore oil and gas industry 6970
  • GESAMP: offshore oil and gas industry, and 60
  • GESAMP hazard profiles 1634
  • GHS 1612
  • grey water: definition 129
  • harmful substances: MARPOL 73/78 definitions 78;
  • Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) 1589
  • hazardous chemicals: nature of 1567
  • Hebei Spirit 37
  • hot pursuit: right of 16
  • human element 2619;
    • identifying 2626;
    • ILO MLC 2006 26874;
    • ISM Code 27985;
    • key management issues 2903;
    • key terms/definitions 2668;
    • regulatory framework 26890;
    • STCW 2010 2749
  • IAPPC 193
  • IEEC 1934
  • ILO MLC 2006 26874
  • IMSAS: sewage 1212
  • industry best practice 26
  • international law 296
  • International Maritime Organisation 510, 2378;
    • adoption of conventions 79;
    • amending existing instruments 8;
    • circulars 9;
    • codes 9;
    • conventions 9;
    • description 57;
    • draft instruments 8;
    • fuel consumption data 202;
    • protocols 9;
    • resolutions 9;
    • role 510;
    • ship certification 9;
    • structure 57;
    • typology of acts 9
  • IMO Guide to Good Practice for Port Reception Facility Providers and Users: sewage 1159
  • international oil pollution prevention certificate 48
  • International Organisation for Standardisation 26
  • International Safety Management Code: marine pollution from oil, and 489
  • international sewage pollution prevention certificate 1201

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    INTERPOL 239
  • intervention rights on high seas 23459;
  • IOPC Funds 298300
  • IOPPC 48
  • ISM Code 27985;
    • marine pollution from oil, and 489
  • ISO 21070;
    • definition 130
  • Kiev Agreement 87
  • landmark accidents: impact on legal framework 234
  • legal aspects of marine pollution from ships 295334
  • liability, types of 30510
  • limitation of liability 310333;
    • Antarctic, protection of 3323;
    • Bunker Pollution Convention 2001 3267;
    • CLC 31525;
    • concept 3101;
    • EU Directive 2009/20/EC 3134;
    • Fund Convention 1992 31525;
    • HNS Convention 2010 3279;
    • LLMC 3113;
    • maximum limits of compensation 317;
    • Nairobi Convention 2007 32930;
    • radioactive substances, carriage of 3301;
    • STUPIA 2006 325;
    • Supplementary Fund Protocol 2003 31525;
    • TOPIA 2006 325
  • liquefied natural gas 202
  • London Convention 1972 813;
    • dumping 823;
    • limitations 91;
    • offshore oil and gas industry 813;
    • wastes 1335
  • London Protocol 1996;
  • managerial aspects of response 2518;
    • challenges 2548
  • marine debris: key land and ocean–based sources 127
  • marine mammals: ship strikes with 2267
  • marine pollutant: meaning 158
  • marine pollution: accidental spillage 32;
    • Amoco Cadiz 35;
    • best industry practices 4950;
    • causes of large oil spills 34;
    • certification 468;
    • challenges 3241;
    • definitions 3941;
    • documentation 4650;
    • effects 33;
    • enforcement 525;
    • Erika 37;
    • Hebei Spirit 37;
    • international oil pollution prevention certificate 48;
    • implementation 525;
    • International Safety Management Code 489;
    • key management issues 4650;
    • key terms 3941;
    • MARPOLAnnex I 389, 416
    • see also MARPOL Annex I;
    • Nakhodka 36;
    • national jurisdiction 525;
    • oil record book 478;
    • operation at time of incident for large oil spills 34;
    • port state control 389;
    • Prestige 37;
    • Polar Code 512;
    • reduction 33;
    • selected cases 525;
    • ship–to–ship transfer of crude oil and petroleum products 501;
    • shipboard oil pollution contingency plan 47;
    • surveys 468;
    • Torrey Canyon 35
  • marine pollution control regulatory framework overview 10
  • marine pollution from oil 3156
  • marine pollution outside scope of MARPOL 20632
  • MARPOL 73/78 7581;
    • Annex I: regulations for preparation of pollution by oil 769;
    • application 767;
    • compliance 77;
    • harmful substances 78;
    • oil filtering equipment 778
    • see also MARPOL Annex I;
    • Annex V: garbage management and disposal 7980
    • see also MARPOL Annex V;
    • Annex VI: air pollution 801;
    • discharge, definition 76
    • see also MARPOL Annex VI;
    • FPSO & FSU Guidelines 79;
    • limitations 91;
    • offshore oil and gas industry, and 7581;
    • ships, definition 75
  • MARPOLAnnex I 389, 416;
    • construction requirements 44;
    • control of operational discharge of oil from machinery spaces 45;
    • discharges from cargo area of oil tankers 46;
    • key resolutions 424;
    • overview of legal basis 412;
    • protection of fuel oil tanks 445;
    • structure 42
  • MARPOLAnnex II 16671;
    • IBC Code, and 1667;
    • cargo record book 174;
    • categorisation of noxious liquid substances 1678;
    • certificates 1724;
    • design and construction 1689;
    • discharge prohibitions 16970;
    • material scope of application 167;
    • Polar Code 1701;
    • port reception facilities 1756;
    • port state control on operational requirements 1745;
    • procedures and arrangements manual 174;
    • shipboard marine pollution emergency plan for noxious liquid substances 174;
    • surveys 1724;
    • verification of compliance 170
  • MARPOLAnnex III 1712;
    • documentation 1767;
    • exceptions

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      172;
    • labelling 172;
    • marking 172;
    • material scope of application 1712;
    • NLS certificate 1734;
    • packing 172;
    • port state control on operational requirements 177;
    • quantity limitations 172;
    • stowage 172;
    • substantial requirements 172
  • MARPOLAnnex V 14053;
    • areas of special interest 1513;
    • communication and advance notice of wastes 14950;
    • considerations during MARPOL residues/wastes delivery 150;
    • considerations prior to delivery of residues/wastes onshore 147;
    • documentation 14450;
    • garbage record book 1467;
    • Garbage Management Plans 1445;
    • general prohibition 141;
    • good practices for shipmasters, shipowners and operators 14750;
    • logistical and commercial arrangements 1478;
    • key management issues 14450;
    • key regulations 141;
    • minimization and management of ship–generated residue/waste 1489;
    • overview 1404;
    • placards 1456;
    • port reception facilities, adequacy of 151;
    • port state control findings 152;
    • summary of restrictions to discharge of garbage 143
  • MARPOLAnnex VI 1848;
    • control of emissions of nitrogen oxide 186;
    • emission control areas 1856;
    • identifying challenges 1878;
    • measures involving ship energy efficiency 1867;
    • regulation of ozone–depleting substances 186;
    • setting sulphur caps on content of marine fuels 185;
    • sewage 109, 1109, 1201
  • Monitoring, Reporting and Verification Regulation 1901
  • MRV Regulation 199200
  • Nairobi Convention 2007 32930
  • Nakhodka 36
  • National Contingency Plan: USA 1023
  • national jurisdictions: marine pollution from oil, and 525
  • nitrogen oxides: control of emissions 186
  • NLS certificate 1734
  • non–governmental organisations 256;
    • contribution 256
  • offshore oil and gas industry 5794;
    • atmospheric pollution 67;
    • chemicals 66;
    • CLEE 1977 85;
    • customary international law 69;
    • deleterious ecological effects 63;
    • domestic legal sources 68;
    • drill cuttings 65;
    • drilling fluid 645;
    • dumping 67;
    • Espoo Convention 889;
    • future directions 923;
    • Geneva Conventions 1958 6970;
    • GESAMP, and 60;
    • international instruments addressing liability, clean up and compensation 836;
    • international instruments addressing specific pollution sources 7583;
    • international law and policy 6890;
    • international legal framework 612, 6875;
    • international policy statements 869;
    • Kiev Agreement 87;
    • limits of international legal framework 902;
    • London Convention 1972 813
    • see also London Convention 1972;
    • maritime zones under coastal state jurisdiction 68;
    • MARPOL 73/78 see MARPOL 73/78;
    • Offshore Pollution Liability Agreement 1974 845;
    • oil 64;
    • OPRC 1990 856;
    • OSPAR Convention 8990;
    • pollution created by 5794;
    • pollution from seabed activities 6467;
    • produced water 656;
    • sound production 66;
    • regional agreements 8990;
    • regulating pollution from 602;
    • relative contribution to pollution 60;
    • Rio Draft 60;
    • source of pollution, as 589;
    • specific sources of pollution 61, 637;
    • Stockholm Declaration 1972 69;
    • UNCED 867;
    • UNCLOS III 7075, 834
    • see also UNCLOS III;
    • UNEP 878;
    • vessels, pollution from 67
  • Offshore Pollution Liability Agreement 1974 845
  • oil: definition 32;
    • offshore oil and gas industry, and 64
  • Oil Pollution Act 1990: civil liability 968;
    • financial responsibility 989;
    • USA 959
  • oil record book 478
  • oil spill management 2514
  • oil tankers, cargo area of: discharges from 46
  • operational discharge of oil: machinery spaces, from 45
  • operational wastes: definition 130
  • OPOL 1974: limitations 91
  • OPRC 1990 856;
    • limitations 912
  • OPRC Convention 2424

  • Page 339

    OPRC–HNS Protocol 2446
  • ozone–depleting substances: regulation 186
  • P&I Clubs 3001
  • placards: MARPOLAnnex V 1456
  • Polar Code: marine pollution from oil, and 512;
    • MARPOLAnnex II, and 1701;
    • sewage 119;
    • wastes, and 1523
  • pollution of the marine environment: meaning 2;
    • UNCLOS III definition 63
  • port reception facility: definition 131
  • port state control: air pollution 2001;
    • ballast water 2156;
    • marine pollution by oil, and 389;
    • USA 1012
  • port states: role 119;
    • UNCLOS III, and 139
  • Prestige 37
  • private operators: EU, and 234;
    • UNCLOS III, and 19
  • produced water: offshore oil and gas industry, and 656
  • protection of marine environment: legal instruments 3;
    • priority, as 3
  • radioactive substances, carriage of: limitations of liability 3301
  • regional framework 2489
  • REMPEC 24951
  • Rio Draft 60
  • salvors: damages loss and claims, and 3012
  • SEEMP 1949
  • self–regulation: concept 45
  • sewage 10723;
    • areas of special interest in relation to legal framework 1212;
    • Baltic Sea 1167;
    • best practice 121;
    • certification 1201;
    • challenges for marine environment 10710;
    • control of discharges into sea 1135;
    • definition 129;
    • discharge of 1112;
    • documentation 1201;
    • European Union 1178;
    • IMO guide to Good Practice for Port Reception Facility, Providers and Users 1159;
    • IMSAS 1212;
    • international sewage pollution prevention certificate 1201;
    • key management issues 1201;
    • key terms and definitions 10910;
    • legal basis, overview 1109;
    • MARPOLAnnex IV 109, 1109, 1201;
    • meaning 10710;
    • operational requirements 119;
    • Polar waters 119;
    • reception facilities 1159;
    • statistics 108;
    • summarised framework of prohibitions of discharge 114;
    • surveys 1201;
    • USA 1189
  • ship certification: IMO, and 9
  • ship energy efficiency: measures involving 1867
  • ship recycling 20632;
    • EU action 2246;
    • Hong Kong Convention 2009 2204;
    • key terms/definitions 207;
    • nature of problem 220
  • ship–to–ship transfer of crude oil and petroleum products 501
  • shipboard oil pollution contingency plan 47
  • shipping legislation: four pillars 5, 6
  • ships: MARPOL 73/78 definition 75
  • sound production: offshore oil and gas industry, and 66
  • special area: definition 131
  • spill notification requirements: USA 103
  • spill response contracts 2467
  • Standard European Behaviour Classification: chemicals 163
  • standard–setting process 35;
    • Formal Safety Assessment approach 4;
    • nature of 35;
    • prescriptive approach 34;
    • self–regulation 4
  • state obligations to protect and preserve marine environment: UNCLOS III 71
  • state obligations to regulate dumping: UNCLOS III 724
  • state obligations to regulate pollution from activities carried out in area: UNCLOS III 75
  • state obligations to regulate pollution from or through atmosphere: UNCLOS II 74
  • state obligations to regulate pollution from seabed activities: UNCLOS III 72
  • STCW 2010 2749
  • Stockholm Declaration 1972: offshore oil and gas industry 69
  • STOPIA 2006 325
  • sulphur caps: setting on content of marine fuels 185
  • TOPIA 2006 325
  • Torrey Canyon 35
  • transboundary movement: definition 131
  • UNCED 867
  • UNCLOS III 1126, 705, 2357;
    • coastal states, and 1319;

    • Page 340

      compensation 834;
    • contents 11;
    • flag states, and 1319;
    • limitations 90;
    • marine pollution enforcement powers 14;
    • offshore oil and gas industry 705;
    • part XII 1213;
    • pollution of the marine environment, definition 63;
    • port states, and 1319;
    • private operators, and 19;
    • state obligations to protect and preserve marine environment 71;
    • state obligations to regulate dumping 724;
    • state obligations to regulate pollution from activities carried out in area 75;
    • sate obligations to regulate pollution from or through atmosphere 74;
    • state obligations to regulate pollution from seabed activities 72;
    • waste 133
  • underwater energy, monitoring of: EU action 22931
  • underwater noise emissions 2279
  • UNEP 878, 238
  • UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods 1656
  • United States of America 95106;
    • Clean Water Act 959;
    • civil and criminal penalties 1045;
    • framework for prevention and response to marine oil pollution incidents 95106;
    • marine oil pollution 95106;
    • National Contingency Plan 1023;
    • Oil Pollution Act 1990 959;
    • penalities for failure to comply with response plan requirements 102;
    • port state control 1012;
    • prevention of pollution 99102;
    • response 1025;
    • sewage 1189;
    • spill notification requirements 103;
    • vessel response plans 99101
  • vessels: offshore oil and gas industry 67
  • vessel response plans: USA 99101
  • wastes 12554;
    • Basel Convention 13840;
    • definition 1278, 130;
    • garbage, and 128;
    • general regulatory framework 13140;
    • identifying problem 1258;
    • Jeddah Convention 131, 133;
    • key land and ocean–based sources 127;
    • key terms and definitions 12831;
    • legislative background 13140;
    • London Convention 1972 1335;
    • London Protocol 1996 1357;
    • management hierarchy showing priority and less preferred options 127;
    • MARPOL Annex V see MARPOL Annex V;
    • Polar Code 1523;
    • regulation of discharges of dumping (non exhaustive list of related instruments) 132;
    • statistics 126;
    • UNCLOS III 133

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