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Index

Law of Construction Disputes, The


Page 663

Index

Index

  • Abatement
  • ACA forms of contract 34
  • Accord and satisfaction 199200
  • ACE forms of contract 34, 81, 109
  • Act of God 138, 144, 147, 321
  • Adjudication 344, 357358
  • Affirmation
    • of contract after repudiatory breach 195197
  • Agency
    • subcontractors 139
  • Amicable settlement
    • after notice of dissatisfaction 419
  • Anticipatory repudiation 194195
  • Applicable law 1
  • Arbitration 347
  • Battle of the forms 5154
  • Bilateral contracts 56
  • Capacity 44
  • Causation 236241, 269271, 333
  • Certification 203217
    • errors 205206
    • fairness 214215, 217
    • FIDIC Red Book: interim payment certificates 204
    • ICE: Measurement Version 169170
    • impartiality of certifier 206208, 214, 215216, 217
    • interim certificates 206
    • liability of certifier
    • natural justice 206, 214, 215, 217
    • repudiatory breach 189
    • requirements, certificate 205
    • variations: final certificates 231
  • Civil law 69, 13, 256
    • countries 9
    • differences between common and 89, 45
    • jurisprudence constante 56
    • Napoleonic Code 6, 78
  • Claims 235236
  • Collateral warranties 167, 209, 210, 283289
    • formation of subcontract: raised but not pursued 104
    • net contribution clauses 283, 285
    • subcontractor: defect issues 131
    • third parties: Act 1999 285289
      • opting out 289
  • Common law 16
    • countries 5
    • differences between civil and 89, 45
    • history 2
    • obiter dictum 5
    • ratio decidendi 5
    • stare decisis 26
  • Conciliation 345
    • France 3233
    • Germany 3031
    • Sharia – Islamic law 10
  • Condition precedent
  • Conditions
    • contract terms 5859
  • Confidentiality
  • Consideration 4447
  • Construction contract
    • agreement to agree 58
    • battle of the forms 5154
    • capacity 44
    • conditions 5859
    • consideration 4447
    • defining 4142
    • estimate for work 5556
    • express terms 59, 79, 80, 81, 108, 117, 185, 208, 288
    • fairness and fair dealing 5657, 59
    • formation 4150
    • implied agreements 44
    • implied terms 58, 59, 99, 108, 407
      • access to or possession of site 111, 115116, 117, 126
      • business efficacy test 59
      • ground conditions 121122
      • officious bystander test 59
    • innominate terms 59
    • intent to be legally bound 4748
    • invitation to treat 4243
    • letters of intent 50
    • offer and acceptance 4244, 52, 54
    • oral 4950, 108
    • privity of contract 4849, 137, 283, 285
    • severability clauses 58
    • Subject to Contract 52
    • tenders 5457
    • uncertainty 58
    • unilateral 4344
      • bilateral contract vs 57
    • warranties 58
  • Construction operations
  • Construction tenders 5457

  • Page 665

    Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999
  • Contribution
  • Cost reimbursement or cost plus fee contract 39
  • Costs
    • adjudication
      • HGCRA 1996 367, 370371
      • Scheme for Construction Contracts 370
    • Dispute Boards 383
    • refusal to mediate 351355, 356357
  • Damages
  • Deceit 63
  • Defective Premises Act 1972
  • Defences 141
    • force majeure 141149, 181
    • frustration 141, 144145, 149153
      • mistake vs impossibility vs 7073
    • impracticability or impossibility of performance 7071, 145146
      • FIDIC Forms of Contract 181
    • misrepresentation see separate entry
    • mistake see separate entry
    • Rylands v Fletcher 321
  • Delay
    • by certifier in issuing interim certificates 212214
    • by subcontractors 129131
    • concurrent 269271, 333
    • disruption vs 263
    • repudiatory breach: substantial 190 see also Extension of time (EOT) clauses
  • Design professionals 75110
    • architect/engineer’s duty: tort vs contract 7778
    • concurrent negligence and contract duty 8388
      • assumptions, design 9394
      • continuing duty 8992
      • expert evidence 88
      • negligence generally 8396
      • new or cutting edge 89
      • pro-active duty to review design 89, 90, 9394
      • remoteness test 8788
      • temporary works 9496
    • delegation of design responsibilities 109110
    • duty to others 100
    • fitness for purpose liability 7677, 7880, 8183, 108, 156, 163, 164, 173174, 180
    • knowledge of others 106107
    • latent defects, subsequent occupiers and personal injury 102103
    • matters other than design 107
    • NEC3 173174
    • new, novel and strict design standards 89, 107108
    • others, liability for design of 109110
    • physical damage/personal injury 100, 102103
    • purely economic losses 7778, 8387, 9596, 97, 100102, 105106
      • employer and sub-consultant 104
      • tests for imposition of duty of care 101102
    • reasonable skill and care 79, 8083, 108, 156, 164, 173174

    • Page 666

      retrospective danger, duty to warn of 96100
    • subsequent occupiers, latent defects and personal injury 102103
  • Design-build form contracts 156175
    • contractor to scrutinise employer’s requirements for errors 158
    • extension of time (EOT) clauses 159
      • sweeping-up 160
    • JCT forms of contract see separate entry
  • Development banks
  • Diminution in value
  • Disclosure
  • Dispute
  • Dispute Boards 17, 372385
  • Dispute resolution 343385
    • adjudication see separate entry
    • arbitration see separate entry
    • conciliation see separate entry
    • conventional model 343
    • Disputes Boards see separate entry
    • engineer as quasi-arbitrator 2124
    • engineer/arbitrator as judge 1921
    • historical development of 1719
    • JCT: changes made in SBC05 168
    • mediation see separate entry
    • NEC3 172
    • NEC4 174
    • overview of forms of 343345
    • Sharia – Islamic law 1013
  • Disruption
    • claims: delay vs 263
  • Due diligence 263
  • Germany
    • non-statutory adjudication 3031
  • Glossary of construction terms 435450
  • Good faith 22, 30, 31, 59, 185, 355, 426
  • Government forms of contract 34
  • Guaranteed maximum price contract 38
  • Hanafi Islamic Sharia 10, 1113
  • Hanbali Islamic Sharia 1113, 14
  • High-low arbitration 344, 350
  • Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996
  • Human rights
    • private and family life 317, 318
  • ICE conditions of contract 34, 155, 156, 168170
    • conciliation 345
    • Disputes Boards 378, 382383
    • ground conditions 120121
    • Measurement Version 7th Edition 168
    • reasonable care and skill 157
    • time and cost issues 169170
  • Implied agreements 44
  • Impracticability or impossibility of performance 7071, 145146
    • FIDIC Forms of Contract 144, 181
  • Injunctions
    • adjudication
      • HGCRA 1996 368
    • damages in lieu 255
    • encroachment 323
    • licence to enter site 113115
    • trespass 113114, 323
  • Innominate terms 59
  • Insolvency
    • employer insolvency and payments to subcontractors 128129
    • unfair preference 129
  • Intent to be legally bound 4748
  • Interest
    • arbitrator 349350
    • Sharia – Islamic law 15
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) 17, 374, 378, 387
    • Combined Dispute Board 373
    • Dispute Board Rules: text 541555
  • Invitation to treat 4243
  • Islamic law see Sharia – Islamic law
  • Issue estoppel 406407
  • JCT forms of contract 34, 155, 156, 160168
    • changes between 2016 and 2011 editions 164165
    • changes made in SBC05 162164, 165
      • commencement, progress and completion 166167
      • design 163164
      • dispute resolution 168
      • fit for purpose 163, 164
      • insurance 166
      • nominated subcontractors 162163
      • reasonable skill and care 164
      • termination 167
      • warranties/third-party rights 167
    • condition precedent 342
    • extension of time 159
    • force majeure 141
    • JCT 98 SFBC 162
    • list of 160162
    • nominated subcontractors 127, 162163
    • reasonable care and skill 157, 164
    • third-party rights 285
  • Joint ventures 374
  • Judicial appraisal 344
  • Jurisprudence constante 5 6
  • Maliki Islamic Sharia 1113
  • Mediation 345
    • after notice of dissatisfaction 419
    • agreements 387
    • arbitration 345, 350
    • enforceability of ADR agreements and mediation settlement agreements 355356
    • JCT: changes made in SBC05 168
    • litigation vs arbitration vs 345346
    • refusing 351355
      • no cost consequences 356357
    • Sharia – Islamic law 13
    • withdrawing from 356
  • Methods of construction contracting 3536
    • construction manager 37
    • design-build 36, 75
    • management contracting 37
    • other 37
    • traditional 36
  • Misrepresentation 5965
    • by words or conduct 60
    • distinctions 6162
    • express false representations 6263
    • fraud in the factum 60
    • fraud in the inducement 60
    • HGCRA 1996 363
    • implied 63
    • innocent 64
    • misstatements of law vs fact 6465
    • negligent 64
    • non-disclosure 63
    • site conditions 123124
    • true but stops being true 62
  • Mistake 65
    • common 6870
    • frustration vs impossibility vs 7073
    • HGCRA 1996 adjudication
    • mutual 6768
    • unilateral 6567
  • Pacta sunt servanda 21 , 41 42
  • Payment formats
    • cost reimbursement or cost plus fee contract 39
    • guaranteed maximum price contract 38
    • remeasurement type of contract 3839
    • target cost contract 39
    • traditional lump sum or fixed price contract 38
  • Payment(s)
    • FIDIC Forms of Contract 179
    • ICE: Measurement Version 169170
    • notices 371
    • prohibited conditional 371
    • suspension of performance for non-payment 372
    • termination of contract for non 188189
    • to subcontractors and employer insolvency 128129
    • see also Certification
  • Personal data
    • protection 398
  • Personal injury, latent defects and subsequent occupiers 102103
  • Precedent 26
    • binding 2, 5, 9
    • persuasive 2, 5
  • Prevention principle 184185, 271, 325, 327, 331, 337, 340342
    • meaning of 184
  • Privity of contract 4849, 283, 285
    • subcontractors 137
  • Professional indemnity insurance
    • reasonable skill and care 79
  • Promissory estoppel 200202
  • Ratio decidendi 5
  • Rectification
    • mistake 68
  • Release
    • discharge of contract 197199
  • Remeasurement type of contract 3839
  • Repudiation
    • anticipatory 194195
    • contractual termination vs common law 187192
    • defective work 189190
    • delay, substantial 189190
    • employer fails to give possession of site 189
    • employer’s failure to pay on time 188189
    • need not be accepted 195197
    • unjustified walking off job 189
    • wrongful suspension 192194
  • Rescission 197
  • RIBA Architect’s Appointment 81, 109
  • Rylands v Fletcher 319 322
  • Sale of Goods Act 1979
  • Scheme for Construction Contracts (England and Wales) Regulations 1998
  • Set-off
    • abatement vs 279281
    • serial adjudication decisions 416418
  • Severability clauses 58
  • Shafi Islamic Sharia 1013
  • Sharia – Islamic law 917
  • Site 111
    • access after completion 117118
    • access denied: anticipatory repudiation 196
    • access, right to 111
    • conditions 118
      • contract provisions for unexpected ground 121123
      • misrepresentation of site 123124
      • unforeseen ground 118121
    • HGCRA 1996: definition of 124126
    • licence to enter 112116
    • possession
      • by whom 112
      • employer responsibility regarding 126
      • (non-)exclusive 117
      • repudiatory breach: employer failure to give 189
    • wrongfully excluded by unrelated third parties 116
  • Specific performance 45, 73, 115, 255256, 287
  • Standard construction contracts
    • methods of construction contracting 3536
      • construction manager 37
      • design-build 36, 75
      • management contracting 37
      • other 37
      • traditional 36
    • operation and payments formats 3839
    • standard form 3335
  • Standard form contracts 3334, 155156
    • provisions 35, 109
      • adjudication 358
      • custom-drafted 35
      • extensions of time 326
    • ‘short form’ 155156
    • use of 35, 155
    • see also individual standard forms
  • Stare decisis 2 6 , 9
  • Strict liability 80
    • fitness for purpose 7677
    • vicarious liability 310
  • Subcontractor 127139
    • default by
    • employer insolvency and payments 128129
    • NEC3: definition of 171
    • nominated 127
    • relations with architects and engineers 139
    • relations with contractor 128
    • relations with employer
      • no privity 137
      • third parties: 1999 Act 137
      • tort liability 137138
    • types of subcontract 127
  • Subject to Contract 52
  • Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982
  • Waiver 200202
  • Warranties
    • collateral see separate entry
  • World Bank

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