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Index

Illegality in Marine Insurance Law


Page 187

Index

Index

  • breach of warranty
    • effect 501
    • Insurance Act 2015 1646
    • law before 12
    • August 2016 245
  • Canada 160
    • warranty of legality issue 160
  • causation principle 658
  • common law illegality 53, 1216
    • construction of policy 1215
    • deliberate acts 1213
    • insurance policies rendered illegal by public policy 1256
    • wilful misconduct 1213
  • common law illegality defence
    • warranty of legality distinguished 13141
  • common law rules 129
    • necessary reform 129
    • supplementary instrument 129
  • Commonwealth jurisdictions 4
  • condition
    • warranty compared 478
  • consistency principle 689
  • continuing warranty 19
  • contract illegality
    • tort illegality distinguished 1268
  • contract terms
    • classes 47
  • contracts rendered illegal by common law 96113
    • common law 99
    • conduct of parties 98
    • corrective factors 105
    • consistency test 109
    • deterring unlawful or immoral conduct 11011
    • development 967
    • different knowledge of parties 100
    • exceptions 1079
    • general principles 97107
    • innocent party, and 100
    • intention of parties 114
    • intention to commit legal wrong 99100
    • knowledge of illegal intention 103
    • knowledge of illegality 105
    • maintaining integrity of courts 11112
    • minor illegality 104
    • origin 967
    • participation 106
    • participation in illegal purpose 100
    • profit from illegality 10910
    • proportionate test 11213
    • protecting purpose of law 1079
    • public policy, and 96113
    • punishments 112
    • rationale behind public policy 10713
    • reliance principle 1067
    • remoteness 1012
    • seriousness of illegality 1056
    • statutory illegality, and 989
    • statutory illegality distinguished 11315
  • contracts rendered illegal by statute 916
    • aiding and abetting 95
    • consequences of violation 92
    • directory requirement 97
    • exceptions 934
    • innocent party 94
    • knowledge of illegality 95
    • nature of contract, and 93
    • obligatory requirement 97
    • public interest, and 93
    • purpose of legislation 923
    • waiver 945
  • contract law
    • illegality defence 91128
  • contract law illegality
    • application in insurance 11526
  • crew
    • sufficient or competent 36
  • dangerous of adventure 13940
  • de minimis rule 1112
  • divisibility of warranty 4950
  • ex turpi causa 556
    • importance in insurance 756
  • exception
    • warranty, and 15
  • express warranty 19
  • foreign law illegality 4, 14351
    • criticism of current marine insurance law 14950
    • English legal position 1437
    • marine insurance law, and 14850
    • possible methods for dealing with 1501

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      requirements for effectiveness 1467
    • violation of foreign law 1456
  • formation of illegal adventure 346
  • illegal adventure
    • formation 346
    • forms 345
    • loading operation 356
    • performance, and 37
    • sail without licence or convoy 35
    • sufficient or competent crew 36
  • illegal adventure by statute 33
  • illegal adventures because of violation of public policy and common law 34
  • illegal adventures by King’s or Council’s order 33
  • illegal performance of marine insurance contracts 2951
  • illegality defence 2
    • contract law 4
    • investigation 3
    • tort law 3
  • illegality defence in contract law 91128
    • application in insurance contracts 91128
    • contracts rendered illegal by common law 96113
    • contracts rendered illegal by statute 916
  • illegality defence in tort law 5590
    • application of rationales in insurance 815
    • application to insurance law 7489
    • benefit principle in insurance 7981
    • causation principle 658
    • consistency principle 689
    • ex turpi causa 556
    • general principles under insurance law 7789
    • illegal act conducted by claimant subjectively 57
    • illegality of act committed by claimant because of defendant’s former tort 5960
    • importance of exturpi causa 756
    • intention of statute principle 74
    • kinds of illegality 5660
    • narrow and wider rule in insurance law 779
    • “no duty of care” principle 624
    • origin 556
    • principle based on 6074
    • proper way of dealing in insurance law 857
    • proportionality principle 724
    • public conscience test 602
    • public policy, and 56, 602
    • reliance principle 645
    • seriousness of illegal conduct 6972
    • specifity of issue in motor insurance 879
  • illegality of performance 3642
    • agent, and 401
    • control, and 378
    • formation 3840
    • knowledge of assured 42
    • origin 3642
    • scope 3642
    • so far as the assured can control the matter 402
    • species 3840
    • violation of common law and public policy 40
    • violation of King’s or Council’s order and licence 389
    • violation of statute 38
    • violation of treaties between nations 39
  • implied warranty 19, 31
    • other than warranty of legality 204
  • Insurance Act 2015 16175
    • application on warranty of legality 16873
    • “basis of contract” clauses 174
    • breach of warranty 1646
    • causal link and section 11 1668
    • change of circumstances, and 169
    • change of law, and 169
    • effect of remedy of breach 171
    • market’s reaction on 173175
    • P&I Club, and 174
    • random breach of warranty of legality 172
    • “risk has not been altered” 171
    • strict compliance with warranty 170
    • terms not relevant to actual loss, and 167
    • terms which define the risk as a whole, and 175
    • warranties 1646
    • warranty of legality, and 16175
  • intention of statute principle 74
  • Law Commission
    • reform recommendations 1614
    • rejection of casual connection test 173
  • lawful
    • meaning 324
  • loading operation 356
  • marine insurance law of warranty 927
    • see also warranties
    • development 1016
    • origin 1016
  • motor insurance
    • specificity of illegality issue 879
  • New Zealand 1589
    • warranty of legality issue 1589
  • present warranty 19
  • proportionality principle 724
  • proportionate test 11213
  • reform of section 41 45
  • reliance principle 645, 1067
  • return on premium 50
  • sail without licence or convoy 35
  • seaworthiness 214
  • section 41
    • Marine Insurance Act 1906 4251, 1314
    • abolition of warranty of legality, proposal for 17881
    • breach of warranty and loss 467
    • character and function of law, and 46
    • common law principles, and 17980
    • exception, and 434
    • express terms, proposal for 177
    • insufficiencies 4251
    • intention of law, and 45
    • intention of parties, and 445
    • nature of 1314
    • post-contractual requirement 1334
    • pre-contractual requirement 1334
    • reform, need for 177
    • reform,

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      proposal for 17783
    • specificity 1389
    • technology advances, and 179
    • violation, statutory illegality and 1323
    • warranty of legality as implied warranty 4751
  • statutory illegality rules
    • insurance, in 11621
    • intention of assured 120
    • unauthorised insurer 11620
  • strict compliance principle 1112, 49
  • tort illegality
    • contract illegality distinguished 1268
  • tort law
    • illegality defence 5590
  • unauthorised insurer 11620
  • violation of common law and public policy 40
  • violation of King’s or Council’s order and licence 389
  • violation of treaties between nations 39
  • waiver of warranty 257
  • warranty of legality
    • chaos of issue 12
    • common law illegality defence distinguished 13141
    • development 1
    • importance of 48
    • intention of parties, and 49
    • other warranties distinguished 4951
    • section 41
    • Marine Insurance Act 1906, and 4251
    • waiver 49
  • warranties
    • breach 13
    • causation 12
    • classifications 1920
    • condition compared 478
    • construction 1618
    • context 18
    • de minimis rule 1112
    • definition 1314
    • development 1016
    • early development 1011
    • exception, and 15
    • fundamental principles 11
    • Insurance Act 2015 1646
    • intention of policy in commercial context 20
    • origin 1016
    • sole description of risk 14
    • strict compliance principle 1112
    • words of policy and 17
  • warranties in contract law 910
  • warranty of legality 21
    • current status 12
    • importance of 2930
    • “lawful” 324
    • Marine Insurance Act 1906 29
    • origins 3, 29, 302
  • warranty of neutrality 21
  • warranty of seaworthiness 214

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