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Index

Transport Documents in Carriage of Goods by Sea


Page 250

Index

Index

  • agency
  • agent
    • antedating of a bill 3839
    • bill of lading 106109
    • bill signature 42, 105106
    • charterer, of 105106
    • dock receipt 30
    • electronic transport documents 223
    • identity of carrier 170171
    • identity under time charter 93
    • liability 150151
    • multimodal transport documents 208209
    • obligations 27
    • ship, of 1045
    • time charter 95104
    • UCP, and 188
  • apparent order and condition of goods 4748
  • approximate quantity 180181
  • arbitration
    • arbitration clauses 36n34
    • identification of charterparties 8890
    • incorporation 8187
    • Thai Commercial Arbitration 183
  • as presented
    • employment and indemnity clause 9293
  • bailment 142
    • strict liability 4, 8
  • banks
  • bills of lading
    • carrier obligation to issue 27
    • charterparties, relation between 7478
    • contents 3642
    • contract of carriage 7172, 73
    • controversy 6364
    • copies 36
    • delivery to master 155156
    • demand of shipper, issued on 2728
    • diminishing importance of 242243
    • evidence, as 43, 7273
    • evidentiary effect in comparative law 4445
    • evidentiary effect under international conventions see also international convention
    • liner 7374
    • negotiable document, as 113117
    • number of originals 3536
    • onboard bill, issuance of 3334
    • process of issuance 2931
    • received for shipment 3133
    • signature under time charter 9293, 104106
    • switch 345
    • time of issuance 2829
    • transfer 117120
  • blockchain B/L 232233
  • BOLERO project 226229
  • booking note 29
  • bulk cargo
  • burden of proof
    • comparison of legislation 21
    • Hague Rules 14
    • international conventions 19
    • onus probandi 50
    • Rotterdam Rules 18
  • carriage by sea
    • definition 22
    • document of title see also document of title
    • evidence of contract 26
    • receipt 26
    • terminology 25
  • carrier 3940
  • carrier clause
  • carrier’s liability 143145
    • Asian jurisdictions 144145
  • charterer
    • as carrier 102
    • shipowner, relation with 7576
  • charterparties
  • CISG
    • negotiable documents 166
    • stoppage in transit 165166
    • transport documents under 163165
    • unpaid seller remedies 133

  • Page 251

    civil law 20, 21, 44, 113, 130
  • claused bill 175
  • clean bill 58
  • CMI uniform rules 224226, 190
  • common law 2021, 44, 112, 128
  • condition of goods, containers
  • conflict of interest 163
  • consignee
  • contract of carriage
    • administration 107109
    • bill of lading, and 23, 7172, 73
    • definition 1, 71
    • evidence of 7273
    • international trade 177
    • liner bills 7374
    • Rotterdam Rules 233234
    • transfer of contractual rights 128130
    • transport documents 2425
  • deck cargo 16
  • delivery
  • delivery order
  • delivery without bill 141142
  • destination bill 156
  • developments in the 19th century 812
    • Harter Act 1893 see also Harter Act 1893
    • seaworthiness 911
    • strict liability 89
  • discharge of goods 135136
  • discharge of liability 135136
  • dock receipt 30
  • document of title 26
  • documentary credit see letter of credit
  • electronic transport documents
    • adoption 218
    • blockchain B/L 232233
    • BOLERO see BOLERO project
    • CMI rules see CMI uniform rules
    • development 223233
    • documents of title, as 220221
    • ESS Databridge 229232
    • exclusive control, and 221223
    • functional equivalent of bills of lading 219220
    • international trade, role of 240241
    • legal regulation 223
    • national legislation 239240
    • replacement of paper documents 243244
    • risks 218219
    • Rotterdam Rules 233234
    • UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Transferable Records 234238
  • electronic bill of lading 218, 219220, 239n76
  • electronic commerce 217218
  • ESS Databridge 229232
  • Hague–Visby Rules 1316
    • Article 1(a) 94
    • Article 3(3) 27, 4648, 4951
    • Article 3(4) 45
    • Article 3(5) 45, 67
    • Article 3(7) 32
    • Article 3(8) 57, 84, 109
    • Article 4(2) 14, 1819, 64
    • bill of lading 35, 4548, 121122
    • carrier definition 95
    • civil law 20
    • goods quantity 4950, 176
    • inserting remarks 51
    • international convention comparison 1920, 21
    • letters of indemnity 6668
    • liability 135
    • multimodal transport documents 203, 205
    • reasonable means of checking 53
    • received for shipment bill 3233
    • shipper, relating to 40
    • time charter 102, 105
    • validity of pre– printed clauses 5961
  • Hamburg Rules 1617
    • bill of lading 2728, 35
    • carrier definition 9495
    • electronic transport documents 223
    • evidentiary effect of bills 4548
    • goods quantity 50
    • inserting remarks 51

    • Page 252

      international conventions compared 1920
    • liability 111, 135
    • letter of indemnity 67
    • multimodal transport documents 203
    • received for shipment bill 32
    • time charter 103, 107, 110
    • validity of pre-printed clauses 61
  • Harter Act 1893 1112
  • history
    • development 12
  • identity of carrier
  • incorporation
    • arbitration and jurisdiction clauses 818
    • charterparty, of a 7888
    • clauses 7981
    • demurrage 8081
    • exception clauses, of 81
    • freight 80
    • general 7980
    • relevance 79
  • INCOTERMS 2010 166169
    • approximate quantity 180
    • bill of lading 172
    • continuous documentary cover 167
    • contract goods covered 167168
    • electronic transport documents 240
    • enabling receipt of goods 168
    • enabling sale of goods in transit 168169
    • full bills of lading 169
    • multimodal transport documents 203, 210211, 212, 214
    • onboard 171
    • sea waybills 194
    • shipment period, within 168
  • international conventions
    • comparisons 1920
    • effects of bills of lading 4548
  • international sale 166
  • international trade
    • approximate quantity 180181
    • bills of lading 161163
    • CISG 163166
    • conflict of interest 163
    • electronic transport documents, role of 240241
    • fraud exception rule 185187
    • INCOTERMS 2010 166169
    • letters of credit 169170
    • multimodal transport documents, role of 214215
    • negotiable documents 166
    • protection under existing rules 187188
    • risk of fraud 182184
    • said to contain clauses 181182
    • sea waybills, role of 193194
    • UCP600 see UCP600
  • leading marks 29, 4546, 51
  • legal regulation development
    • attempts at unification 244245
    • balancing interests 245
    • interaction with practice 245
    • technological developments 245246
  • letter of credit 169170, 175
    • sea waybill 194
  • letter of indemnity
    • delivery of goods 153155
    • fraudulent letter 66
    • legal regulation 66
    • nullity 6869
    • use with caution 69
    • validity 6668
  • letter of protest 6970
  • lex mercatoria 38
    • bill of lading 58
    • strict liability 45
  • liability
    • multimodal transport documents 204205
    • wrongful delivery 150151
  • liner carriage 2324
    • bills of lading stipulations 37
    • booking note 29
    • checking conditions 53
    • document of title 207
  • master
  • mate’s receipt 3031
  • Model Law on Electronic Transferable Records 234239
  • multimodal transport document 201202
    • document of title, as 207214
    • increasing use of 243
    • international trade, role in 214215
    • legal regulation 202203
    • liability 204205
    • national legislation 205207
    • negotiable document 209211
    • non-negotiable document 210
    • objections under English law 208211
    • Rotterdam Rules 203204
  • multimodal transport operator 200201
  • negotiable
    • bill of lading 113117
    • multimodal transport document 209211
    • Rotterdam Rules 166
    • straight bill 123
  • non–negotiable
    • multimodal transport document 210
    • increasing use of documents 243
    • sea waybill 191
    • straight bill 123
  • notations
    • avoidance by clauses in bills of lading 6465
  • notify party 136
  • number of bills 35
  • order bills
    • negotiable bills, in relation to 123
    • third party endorsee 121
    • transfer 118
  • original bills 36
    • carrier’s liability 143
    • delivery of goods 145
    • delivery to master 155156
    • different port delivery 146
    • national legislation 124
    • transfer of possession 124127
    • without originals 151153
  • paper documents
    • issues with legal requirements 21617
  • port of destination 41
    • delivery procedure 1367
    • delivery to different port 1457
    • delivery

      Page 253

      without bill 1559
    • developments 8
    • effect of transfer of bill 1257
    • INCOTERMS 2010 1678
    • multimodal transport documents 207
  • port of loading
    • bill of lading 34, 38
    • Hamburg Rules 16
    • UCP600 document requirements 172
  • possession
  • pre-printed clauses
    • validity of 5961
  • presentation 47, 50, 122, 139, 169, 213, 243
  • property
  • quantity
    • apportionment of bulk cargo 15960
    • approximate 1801
    • delivery order 1968
    • Hague–Visby Rules 457, 5961
    • Hamburg Rules 467
    • legal effect of reservation 501
    • mate’s receipt 301
    • notations regarding condition 568
    • receipt 467
    • reservations 4951
    • Rotterdam Rules 1718
    • suspicion of inaccuracy 512, 53
    • third–party holder 44
    • UCP600 17580, 184
  • receipt
    • bill of lading 4344
    • condition 4748
    • controversy 6364
    • definition 26
    • dock receipt 30
    • evidence, as 43
    • evidentiary effect 4448
    • goods carried 6163
    • identification marks 46, 4951
    • letter of indemnity 6570
    • liability 50
    • mate’s receipt 3031
    • notations 5359, 6465
    • pre-printed clauses 5961
    • quantity 4647
    • reservations 4853
    • sea waybill 190 see also received for shipment bill
  • received for shipment bill 3133
    • advantages and disadvantages 33
    • multimodal transport documents 209
    • shipped on board, comparison 3234, 171
  • reservations
    • carrier’s right to insert 4953
    • conditions of goods 5859
    • identification, as to 4950
    • impossibility of checking 5253
    • legal effect 5051
    • rationale 1778
    • suspicion, reasonable grounds 5152
  • right of control 131132
  • Roman law 23
  • Rotterdam Rules 1719
    • attempt to resolve 156159
    • carrier 95
    • delivery of goods 140141
    • electronic transport documents 233234
    • international conventions compared 1920
    • liability 135
    • multimodal transport documents 203204, 209210
    • negotiable documents 166
    • non-negotiable documents 190
    • number of bills 35
    • receipt 4647
    • received for shipment bills 32
    • reservations 51
    • resolutions 156159
    • right of control 131
  • said to contain 59, 181182
  • sea waybills
    • characteristics 190191
    • delivery of goods 191
    • international trade, role in 193194
    • legal regulation 189190
    • right to control 191193
    • straight bill 121123
  • seaworthiness
    • carrier’s liability system 911
  • ship’s delivery order 196197
  • shipowner
    • charterer, relation with 7576
  • shipper
    • bill of lading 2728, 3940
    • carrier, relation with 7677
    • delivery order 196
  • shipper’s delivery order 196
  • shipping note 29
  • shipping order 2930
  • signature
    • bill of lading 42
  • stoppage in transit 131133
  • straight bill
  • subcharters 91
  • surrender of bill 140, 156
  • switch bill 3435
  • vessel
    • bills of lading 3738
  • weight
    • reservations 4950

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