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Index

International Application of FIDIC Contracts, The


Page 431

Index

Index

  • Aarhus Convention 381
  • Abrahamson Principles 27
  • Abu Dhabi Global Market 389
  • acceptance of works
  • Accepted Contract Amount 124, 189, 321, 375
  • access route 283284
  • access to Site 342343, 351
  • accidental elements 147
  • adhesion contracts 331332
  • adjudication 263265
  • advance payment 322
  • agreement
  • allocation of risks 23, 176177, 417
  • appeal/cassation 160
  • applicable laws 1218
    • consistency with 3436
    • extra-territorial 16
    • governing law of the contract 15
    • impact 1618
    • laws 1314
    • local laws and the governing law of the contract 15
    • mandatory 12
    • non-mandatory 12
    • scope 16
  • Arabic text 387
  • arbitration agreement 16, 133, 165, 194, 227, 371, 393, 396
  • arbitration
  • Australia
    • common law 51
    • constitutional structure 5051
    • constraints on governing law 5255
    • court system 5152
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 5658
    • dispute resolution 5657, 69
    • East coast model 56
    • entry into a construction contract 59
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the Contract 55
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 56
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 56
    • formal requirements 5455
    • freedom of choice 54
    • frustrated contracts 58
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 5255, 58
    • legal environment 5052
    • misleading or deceptive conduct 7172
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 5556
    • operation of construction contract 6269
    • payment schedule 5758
    • proportionate liability 58, 7375
    • public policy 53
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 70
    • security of payment 5658
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 6268
    • termination of construction contract 59, 69
    • West coast model 56
  • Australian Consumer Law (ACL) 71, 73
  • balanced risk allocation
    • examples 2324
    • nonstandard terms 24
    • standard form contracts 2325
  • Basic Law of Hong Kong 225
  • bidding process
  • bill of quantities 187
  • Brazil
    • civil law 79
    • compliance with laws 83
    • constitutional structure 78
    • constraints on governing law 7980
    • court system 78
    • dispute adjudication boards 82
    • deemed acceptance of variations 86
    • defect notice period 81
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 8283
    • dispute resolution 84, 85
    • engineer 81
    • entry into a construction contract 84
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 9082
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 81
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 8182
    • formal requirements 80

    • Page 432

      governing law that of jurisdiction 7980, 84
    • gross negligence 8283
    • hardship 8788
    • indirect damages 80
    • legal system 78
    • loss of profit 83
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 8083
    • notice of claim 8081
    • operation of construction contract 8485
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 86
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 8485
    • termination of construction contract 84, 85
    • termination for reorganisation 86
  • Brazilian Association of Technical Regulation (ABNT) 83
  • building and construction permits Czech Republic 117
    • Switzerland 381
  • building and planning controls
  • calendar definitions 397
  • cancellation, contract 124
  • capacity 392
  • carrying on business 282
  • case management 158
  • China
    • bidding process 96
    • Chinese Construction Law (2019 Amendment) 98
    • civil law 91
    • constitutional structure 90
    • constraints on governing law 9295
    • construction lien 99103
    • see also construction lien
    • court system 92
    • defects notification period 9798
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 98103
    • dispute resolution 104, 108
    • engineer 109112
    • entry into a construction contract 101
    • exceptional events 112113
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 95
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 9699
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 98
    • formal requirements 9495
    • forum public policy 92
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 9294
    • Jian Li 109112
    • legal system 91
    • mandatory rules 9394
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 9598
    • operation of construction contract 104108
    • retention money 97
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 109
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 105108
    • Special Administrative Regions 90
    • termination of construction contract 92, 96
    • time construction contracts takes effect 9495
  • choice of law agreement 370
  • civil law 34
    • common law, and 45
    • Brazil 77
    • China 89
    • Czech Republic, the 115
    • France 141
    • Germany 169
    • Italy 240
    • Peru 296
    • Romania 311
    • South Africa 334
    • Sri Lanka 355
    • Switzerland 366
    • United Arab Emirates, the 386
  • CISG see United Nations Convention of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
  • claim details 332
  • claims against the State 291
  • claims for payment 192
  • claim limitation period 121122
  • collapse of basis of contract 207
  • common law 3
  • conflicts of law 10
    • Brazil 79
    • China 93
    • Fiji 133
    • France 144
    • Germany 173
    • Malaysia 260
    • United Arab Emirates, the 390
  • constitutional structure
  • constraints on the governing law of a construction contract
  • construction contracts 29
    • changes to 123
    • definition 2
    • freedom of contract 57
    • legal systems, and 35
    • pacta sunt servanda 7
    • proper law of the contract 89
    • unique features 23
  • construction lien 99103
    • commencement date 101
    • contracting out 103
    • exercising 103104
    • invalid construction contract, and 101102
    • profits covered 100
    • project completion 101
    • subcontractor or actual contractor 102102
    • use of 376
  • contract claim procedure 326
  • contract interpretation
  • Contractor
    • definition 2
    • general obligations 185
  • copyright 261262, 380
  • court system
  • customary law
  • customary practise 206207
  • Czech Republic, the
    • building permit 122
    • cancellation, contract 124
    • changes to construction contract 124
    • civil code 122
    • claim limitation period 121122
    • constitutional structure 116
    • constraints on governing law 119120
    • court system 117118
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 121125
    • Dispute Adjudication Board 121
    • dispute resolution 127
    • entry into a construction contract 119120
    • FIDIC 118119
    • financing charges 121
    • formal requirements 120
    • frustration 124
    • general compatibility 120
    • guarantees under forms of security 124
    • health and safety 124
    • insurance 125
    • legal system 116117
    • liquidated (delay) damages 120
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 120121
    • particular contractual provisions 125127
    • party autonomy 127
    • procedural legislation 127
    • standardisation 117118
    • taking over the works 122
    • termination of construction contract 124125
    • waste management 122
  • deemed acceptance of variations
  • defective work, liability for 152153, 266
  • defects notice/liability period
    • Brazil 81
    • China 97
    • commencement time 9798
    • France 150151
    • Germany 174
    • retention money, and 97
  • delay damages see liquidated (delay) damages
  • design
  • determined work 300
  • development controls 232233
  • direct democracy 368
  • Dispute Adjudication Board (DAB) 2829
    • Brazil 82
    • Czech Republic, the 121
    • Peru 298
    • Romania 349
    • United Arab Emirates, the 397
  • Dispute Avoidance/Adjudication Board (DAAB) 2829
    • Peru 305
    • obtaining decision 193
    • Romania 333
  • Dispute Board (DB) 2829
  • dispute resolution
  • disruption claims 177180
    • compensable amount 178
    • duties of Employer 178
    • evidence requirements 178
    • Germany 177180
    • no compensation of acceleration measures 179
    • overview 177178
    • summary 179180
  • Dubai International Financial Centre 389
  • duty of loyalty 384
  • East Coast model 56
  • electronic licence 4344
  • Employer
    • cessation of liability 192
    • defects in requirements 324
    • definition 2
    • securities for the Contractor 196197
  • Engineer, the
  • entry into a construction contract
  • environmental protection
  • EU/European Free Trade Association (EFTA) 378
  • evidence
  • exceptional events 112113
  • explicit agreement of choice of law 92
  • extension of time
  • fairness of transactions 290291
  • fees, professional 197198
  • FIDIC Contracts 911
    • agreement 11
    • contract data 11
    • documents 1011
    • General Conditions 11, 25
    • Particular Conditions 11, 25
    • rainbow suite 9
    • Special Provisions 11
    • standard forms 910
  • FIDIC Contracts Committee 25
  • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract with
  • FIDIC General Conditions and law of the Site/Country
  • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or dispute determination
  • FIDIC Golden Principles 12, 2526
    • balance of risk/reward 2728
    • clear drafting 27
    • control 23
    • dispute board referral 2829
    • fair and balanced contracts 2325
    • guidance for drafting 2930
    • participants duties 2627
    • reasons for 2629
    • time periods 28
    • use 22
    • value 22
  • Fiji
    • common law 130131
    • constitutional structure 130
    • constraints on governing law 131133
    • court system 131
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 135136
    • dispute resolution 136, 137
    • entry into a construction contract 136
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 134
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 135
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 135
    • formal requirements 133134
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 131134, 136137
    • international arbitration 131133
    • legal system 133
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 134135
    • operation of construction contract 137138
    • proportionate liability 139
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 138
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 137138
    • termination of construction contract 136, 138
    • unfair trade practices 138139
  • financial free zones 389390
  • financing charges 121
  • fitness for purpose
  • force majeure: 35
  • foreign exchange control 285286
  • formal requirements
  • France
    • acceptance of works 150
    • appeal/cassation 160
    • case management 158
    • civil law 142
    • constitutional structure 142
    • constraints on governing law 144145
    • court system 143144
    • defective work, liability for 152153
    • defects notification period 151152
    • delay damages 149150
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 149151
    • dispute resolution 157160, 161, 164
    • entry into a construction contract 151, 160
    • environmental damages, liability for 155156
    • evidence 158
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 147149
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 149
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 149
    • formal requirements 146147
    • good faith principle 167
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 144147, 151161
    • health and safety 162163
    • insurance 152154
    • interim relief 158
    • legal costs 160
    • legal system 5, 143
    • liabilities/insurance 152154
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 147149
    • nuisance, liability for 155
    • operation of construction contract 161163, 164165
    • overriding mandatory provisions 145
    • payment of Subcontractors by Employer 148
    • Performance Certificate 150151
    • rules of interpretation of contracts 166167
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 165166
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 161165
    • subcontracting 161162
    • Taking-Over Certificate 150151
    • termination of construction contract 156157, 160, 164
    • termination of construction contract by Employer 148
    • trial 158
  • freedom of contract 57
    • party autonomy, and 33
    • public policy 6
    • restricting 7
  • free-trade agreement 367

  • Page 435

    frustrated contracts
    • Australia 58
    • Czech Republic, the 136
    • Hong Kong 230
    • Malaysia 265266
  • funds 286287
  • Germany
    • allocation of risks 176177
    • cessation of Employer’s liability 192
    • civil law 171
    • claims for payment 192
    • collapse of basis of contract 207
    • conflicts of law 182183
    • constitutional structure 170
    • constraints on governing law 172181
    • Contractor’s general obligations 187
    • court system 172
    • customary practice 206207
    • Defects Liability Period 173
    • Delay Damages 190
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 195196
    • difference between German construction contracts and FIDIC forms 185
    • dispute resolution 202, 204
    • disruption claims 177180
    • Employer’s securities for the Contractor 196197
    • Engineer 193
    • entry into a construction contract 202
    • failure to remedy defects 190191
    • fees, professional 197198
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 181194
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 194
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 194195
    • FIDIC provisions in detail 184185
    • formal requirements 180181
    • German abbreviations 208
    • German Civil Code 170
    • German contract law 171172
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 172181, 196202
    • Income Tax Act 198
    • interim payment 191192
    • labour law 200202
    • labour leasing 201
    • Law on the Protection of Construction Claims 198199
    • legal system 5, 170171
    • limitation of liability 185187
    • mandatory rules 195
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 181196
    • obtaining DAAB’s decision 193
    • operation of construction contract 202203
    • Performance Security 188189
    • periods of Werkvertrag 173175
    • private international law 182183
    • procurement law 199200
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 204206
    • Silver book provisions 185
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 203204
    • Standard Business Term Act 183184
    • sufficiency of contract price 189
    • termination of construction contract 202, 204
    • termination of contract by Employer 176
    • transferring ownership (s613a Civil Code) 200201
    • Variations and adjustments 191
  • Ghana
    • common law 212
    • constitutional structure 212
    • constraints on governing law 214215
    • court system 213214
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 217
    • dispute resolution 217, 221
    • entry into a construction contract 218
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 217
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 217
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 217
    • formal requirements 215216
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 214217, 218
    • legal system 212213
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 217
    • operation of construction contract 218220
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 221
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 218220
    • termination of construction contract 218, 220
  • good faith
  • governing law of jurisdiction, applicable legislation if
  • governing law of the contract 89, 1516
    • choosing 3334
    • constraints on see constraints on the governing of law of a construction contract
    • local laws, and 15
  • gross negligence: 35, 37
  • guarantees under forms of security 124
  • Hague Convention on Choice of Law 79, 226, 259, 316, 419
  • Hague Principles 3334, 52, 131
  • hardship
  • health and safety
    • Czech Republic, the 124
    • France 162163
    • Papua New Guinea 286
    • Switzerland 382
  • heritage/landscape 381
  • Hong Kong
    • Basic Law 224225
    • building controls 230232
    • common law 225
    • constitutional structure 224225
    • constraints

      Page 436

      on governing law 226228
    • court system 225226
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 229
    • development controls 232233
    • dispute resolution 234
    • entry into a construction contract 226, 234
    • environmental controls 233
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 228
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 229
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 229
    • formal requirements 228
    • frustrated contracts 230
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 226229, 234
    • gross negligence 238
    • implied terms 237238
    • legal system 224225
    • local labour, hiring 233
    • mandatory insurance 233
    • misleading and deceptive conduct 237
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 228
    • operation of construction contract 234235
    • proportionate liability 237
    • rights of third parties 230
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 236
    • security of payment 229230
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 234235
    • Special Administrative Region 224225
    • termination of construction contract 234, 236
  • illegality
    • contractual waiver, of 304305
    • time-bar clauses, of 301
  • implied terms
  • impré vision: 315, 325: 326, 330
  • indirect damages 80
  • insolvency
  • insurance
  • intent to create legal relationship 300
  • Inter-American Convention on the Law Applicable to International Contracts 34
  • interim payment 188189
  • interim relief 158
  • international conventions, country accessions 1819
  • Italy
    • civil law 242
    • constitutional structure 241242
    • constraints on governing law 244249
    • court system 242243
    • deemed acceptance of variations 252253
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 249250
    • dispute resolution 249, 250
    • entry into a construction contract 250
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 247248
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 248249
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 249
    • formal requirements 246
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 244247, 250
    • hardship 254
    • insolvency 254
    • legal system 242
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 247249
    • public procurement 244245
    • operation of construction contract 250252
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 252
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 250252
    • tender process 245
    • termination of construction contract 250, 252
    • termination for reorganisation 253254
  • Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) 24
  • Malaysia
    • adjudication 263265
    • arbitration 260
    • building and planning regulations 273
    • common law 258259
    • constitutional structure 257258
    • constraints on governing law 259260
    • copyright 261262
    • court system 259
    • defects 266
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 262268
    • dispute resolution 269, 272273
    • entry into a construction contract 268
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 261
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 262
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 262
    • formal requirements 260261
    • frustrated contracts 265266
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 259261, 268269
    • gross negligence 275
    • implied terms 274275
    • legal system 258259
    • liquidated damages 262263
    • local labour, hiring 266267
    • mandatory insurance 267268
    • misleading or deceptive conduct 274
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 261262
    • operation of construction contract 269273
    • proportionate liability 274
    • rights of third parties 266
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 273
    • security of payment 263264
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 269273
    • termination of construction contract 272
  • mandatory insurance
  • mandatory rules
  • misleading or deceptive conduct
    • Australia 7172
    • conduct, types 71
    • Fiji 138139
    • Hong Kong 237
    • Malaysia 274
    • policy underpinnings 71
    • remedies 7273
  • mobilisation of Contractor 324
  • Muqawala 392
  • mutual intention 393
  • native land
  • normative deeds 312313
  • Notice
    • claim, of 80
    • Switzerland 384
    • United Arab Emirates, the 403404
  • nuisance, liability for
  • pacta sunt servanda 7
  • Papua New Guinea
    • access route 283284
    • arbitration 286288
    • carrying on business 282
    • claims against State 291
    • common law 274
    • constitutional structure 257258
    • constraints on governing law 259
    • contract agreement 283
    • court system 281283
    • customary law 279
    • delay damages 294295
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 283288
    • dispute resolution 288, 290
    • entry into a construction contract 288
    • environmental protection 284
    • extension of time 292293
    • fairness of transactions 290291
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 282
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 283
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 283
    • foreign exchange control 285286
    • formal requirements 282
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 281282, 288
    • health and safety 286
    • insurance 284
    • legal system 279281
    • liquidated damages 294295
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 282283
    • offshore funds 286
    • operation of construction contract 288

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      prevention principle 293294
    • proportionate liability 291
    • public procurement 279280
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 290
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 288290
    • statutory time bar 291
    • termination of construction contract 288, 289
  • Particular Conditions
    • choosing governing law of contract 3334
    • consistency with governing law of contract 37
    • content 31
    • format 4344
    • electronic licence 43
    • Employer’s preference 4043
    • guidance for preparation 3643
    • Part A–Contract Data 11, 3132, 4344
    • Part B–Special Provisions 11, 32
    • project requirements 3940
    • special provisions for consistency with applicable law 3436, 3738
    • Golden Principles 25
  • party autonomy 33, 215, 260, 339, 358
  • payments
    • Romania 325
    • Subcontractors by Employer, by 148
  • Performance Certificate 150151
  • Performance Security 188189
  • Peru
    • agreement between parties 300
    • arbitration 305
    • civil law 298
    • constitutional structure 297298
    • constraints on governing law 298301
    • court system 298
    • delay damages 303, 310
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 305306
    • determined work 300
    • dispute resolution 306, 308309
    • Engineer, determination by 309
    • entry into a construction contract 306
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 301305
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 305
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 305
    • fitness for purpose 302
    • formal requirements 300301
    • good faith 305306
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 298300, 306
    • illegality of contractual waiver 304305
    • illegality of time-bar clauses 301
    • implied terms 301
    • intent to create legal relationship 300
    • legal system 298
    • limitation period 303304
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 301305
    • operation of construction contract 307308
    • price 321
    • public procurement 321322
    • reasonable skill and care 302303
    • reform 297
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 309
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 307308
    • termination of construction contract 306, 308
  • planning 380
  • plural system 212
  • posted workers 379
  • prevention principle 293294
  • price 300
  • private international law
    • China 93
    • Czech Republic, the 120
    • Germany 182183
    • Peru 299
    • Romania 316
    • Switzerland 369
    • United Arab Emirates, the 391
  • procurement law
  • progress payment claims 56
  • proper law of the contract 910
  • proportionate liability
    • Australia 7375
    • concept 7374
    • contracting out 58
    • damages 73
    • Fiji 139
    • Hong Kong 237
    • Malaysia 274
    • Papua New Guinea 291
    • pleading 74
    • South Africa 352
    • United Arab Emirates, the 404405
  • public policy (ordre public) 67, 3940, 346
  • public policy of forum 3940, 106
  • public procurement
  • rate of progress 344345
  • reasonable skill and care 302
  • reasonable time 25
  • reception of works
  • rectification of defects 373374
  • registration of professionals 378
  • registration/licencing
    • Australia 62
    • Brazil 84
    • China 95, 105106, 111
    • Fiji 137
    • single conditions of contract documents, and 43
    • Switzerland 378
  • Retention Money 97
  • Romania
    • adhesion contracts 331332
    • arbitration 318319
    • civil law 311
    • claim details 332
    • clearance of land of munitions 325
    • concurrent delays 324325
    • constitutional structure 312
    • constraints on governing law 316318
    • contract claim procedure 326
    • court system 316
    • Delay Damages 316
    • design 320
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 324326
    • dispute resolution 327, 331
    • Employer’s Requirements, defects in 324
    • entry into a construction contract 326
    • FIDIC

      Page 439

      General Conditions and governing law of the contract 319322
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 322
    • fit for purpose 319
    • formal requirements 318319
    • good faith 305306
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 298301, 306
    • insolvency 289
    • legal mortgage 325
    • legal system 312316
    • l’imprévision 325
    • limitation period 320
    • mobilisation of Contractor 324
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 319323
    • normative deeds 312314
    • operation of construction contract 327330
    • ordre public 313
    • payments 325
    • public procurement 314, 321322
    • reference of a dispute to DAAB 333
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 331
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 327331
    • standard clauses 332
    • statute of limitation 331
    • taking over of Works 323
    • termination of construction contract 325, 326, 330
    • unusual clauses 320321
  • Rome I Regulation 6, 34, 93, 144, 182, 196, 316
  • Rome II Regulation 182, 199, 202
  • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction
  • security of payment
  • settling disputes 263
  • Shari’a law 3, 4
    • Malaysia 258
    • United Arab Emirates, the 388, 391
  • Site data 189, 343
  • Site/Country in the jurisdiction
  • socialist legal system 3, 91
  • South Africa
    • access to site 342343, 351
    • arbitration 349350
    • civil law 334
    • common law 355
    • constitutional structure 355356
    • constitutional values 341
    • constraints on governing law 338339
    • court system 337338
    • delay damages 344345, 352
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 346347
    • dispute resolution 346, 349
    • entry into a construction contract 346
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 340345
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 345
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 346
    • formal requirements 339340
    • good faith 340342, 351
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 338340, 346
    • law and language 342
    • legal system 336337
    • limitation of action 352353
    • limitation of liability 352
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 340346
    • operation of construction contract 347348
    • ownership of plant and materials 351
    • proportionate liability 352
    • rate of progress 344345
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 349351
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 347349
    • Site data 343, 351
    • termination for Contractor’s default 345
    • termination of construction contract 346, 348
    • valid contract requirements 339
  • Special Administrative Region
  • Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions
  • specialty
  • Sri Lanka
    • arbitration 359
    • common law 356
    • constitutional structure 356
    • constraints on governing law 357358
    • court system 257
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 359
    • dispute resolution 361, 365
    • entry into a construction contract 361
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 359
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 359
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 359
    • formal requirements 359359
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 357359, 361
    • legal system

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      356357
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 359361
    • operation of construction contract 361363
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 365
    • settling disputes 356
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 361365
    • termination of construction contract 361, 364
  • Stamp duty 283
  • standard business terms 183184
  • standard clauses 320
  • standardisation 118
  • stare decisis 3
  • statute of limitation 325
  • statutory time bar 291292
  • sufficiency of Contract Price 189
  • suspension 405
  • Switzerland
    • building and construction permits 381382
    • civil law 367
    • copyright 380
    • constitutional structure 367
    • constraints on governing law 369370
    • contract interpretation 383384
    • court system 369
    • delay damages 374375
    • design 380
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 372377
    • direct democracy 368
    • dispute resolution 382
    • duty of loyalty 384
    • Engineer 384385
    • environment 381
    • extension of time 372373
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 371
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 371
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 371
    • formal requirements 370
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 369370, 377378
    • health and safety 382
    • heritage/landscape 381
    • labour 378379
    • languages 368
    • legal system 367369
    • liens, use of 329
    • limitation of liability 325326
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 371
    • notice, enforcement of 384
    • nuisance, liability for 380
    • planning 380
    • rectification of defects 373374
    • registration/licencing of contractors 378
    • registration of professionals 378
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 382383
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction 378382
    • taking over of Works, Employer 373
    • termination of construction contract 364
  • Switzerland’s Federal Code on Private International Law 93
  • taking over the Works
    • Czech Republic, the 122
    • Romania 323
    • Switzerland 373
  • Taking-Over Certificate 150151
  • tax clearance 286
  • technical documents 30
  • tender process 245
  • termination for Contractor’s default 345
  • termination for reorganisation
  • termination of a construction contract
  • termination of contract by Employer
  • third parties, rights
  • time construction contracts takes effect 9899
  • unfair trade practices 138139
  • UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
    • binding character of contract 7
    • choice of forum 33
    • Australia 53
    • freedom of contract 57
    • Germany 196
    • Ghana 215
    • Romania 314, 315
    • Switzerland 370
  • United Arab Emirates, the
    • agreement on contract elements 392393
    • Arabic text 387
    • calendar definitions 397
    • capacity 393
    • civil law 388
    • constitutional structure 387388
    • constraints on governing law 391392
    • court system 390391
    • desirable Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 397398
    • dispute resolution 399, 402
    • entry into a construction contract 398
    • FIDIC General Conditions and governing law of the contract 393396
    • FIDIC General Conditions and the law of the Site/Country 396
    • FIDIC General Conditions and laws of the seat of the arbitration or relevant laws on dispute determination 396397
    • financial free zones 389390
    • formal requirements 392
    • governing law that of jurisdiction 391393, 398399
    • lawful cause 393
    • legal system 388390
    • liability for Subcontractor’s acts 397
    • limitation of liability 395
    • limitation period 395
    • liquidated damages 394, 404
    • mutual intention 393
    • necessary Special Provisions in the Particular Conditions 393397
    • Notice provisions 403404
    • offer and acceptance 392
    • operation of construction contract 399402
    • oppressive conditions 395
    • proportionate liability 404405
    • seat of the dispute determination in jurisdiction 403
    • Site/Country in jurisdiction

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      399403
    • suspension 405
    • termination of construction contract 398, 402
    • visas 398
    • working hours 398
  • United Nations Convention of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) 215, 377
  • unusual clauses 320321
  • waste management 122
  • Werkvertrag, periods of 173174
  • West Coast model 56
  • working hours 397

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